[GUADALUPE HIDALGO, TREATY OF]. UNITED STATES. PRESIDENT (Polk). Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Message of the President...Relative to the Treaty of Peace Concluded at Guadalupe Hidalgo on the 2d of February, 1848. February 8, 1849. [Washington, 1849].  2-82 pp. 8vo (22.6 x 14.3 cm), disbound. Lightly waterstained throughout.
First edition (30th Congress, 2nd Session, House Document 50).
This early edition of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is an important one, containing the first publication of documents, correspondence, and instructions to commissioners which had previously been under injunction of secrecy. It also includes all the modifications made to the treaty by the Senate.
Polk discusses the changes that the U.S. designated to Mexico in its protocols, including land titles in California, New Mexico, and Texas, religious and other personal freedoms, and the method by which Mexico was to pay the U.S. $12,000,000. The resounding Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the Mexican-American War and ceded to the U.S. the huge expanse of northern Mexico.
Henry Clifford made this pungent comment: “[This Treaty] confirmed the annexation of Texas to the U.S.A. This embraced an area of some 525,000 square miles for California and New Mexico, as against a mere 326,000 square miles for Texas. An earlier version of this treaty could have left San Diego in the Mexican hands and permitted Mexico to repurchase Texas. How many of us are so poignantly aware that we are now permanently ‘stuck’ with Texas?”