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Auction 10, Cartography
(Globes, Atlases, & Maps)

Items 1–25



1. [ATLAS]. PTOLEMAEUS, Claudius. La Geografia.... Venice: Niccolo Bascarini for Giovanni Battista Pedrezano, 1548. [8] 215 [2] 120, 64 (index) leaves, printed in Roman and italic type, title within woodcut border, full-page woodcut portrait of Ptolemy making astronomical observations, large and small woodcut illustrations and diagrams in text, printer's large woodcut device (appears twice), decorated woodcut initials, 60 double-page line-engraved copper-plate maps on 120 leaves (each measuring approximately 16.8 x 13 cm (6-5/8 x 5-1/8 inches), embellished with ships, human figures, mermaids, sea-monsters, winged fantastical creatures, and regional flora, fauna, and iconography. 5 of the maps are devoted exclusively to the Americas: (1) Tierra Nova [South America]; (2) Nveva Hispania Tabvla Nova [Gulf of Mexico, Southwest U.S. & Mexico]; (3) Tierra Nveva [East coast of North America]; (4) Isola Cvba Nova [Cuba]; (5) Isola Spagnola Nova [Haiti and Dominican Republic]. 2 maps of the world show America: (1) Vniversale Novo (world map with windheads); (2) Carta Marina Nova Tabvla (sailing chart with rhumb lines). Small 8vo, full original limp vellum stained purple (now faded), contemporary spine lettering in sepia ink: Ptolomeo Geografia. Head of spine with one-inch tear, front free endsheet and a portion of the spine separating from book block, circular stain at foot of title page (possibly an early owner's stamp), occasional light waterstaining, rear free endsheet with manuscript index to the maps in an early hand. Overall a very good copy of an historically important atlas. Early, complete atlases are increasingly challenging to find in the market.
        First Italian edition of Ptolemy; first printing of these maps; first copperplate maps devoted to North America; first small format atlas ever printed; first atlas to address the needs of travelers (expressly designed so that it could be carried "nella manica," i.e., "in the sleeve"); first regional maps of America; with the following firsts in printed maps: the earliest separately printed map of the Gulf Coast, Mexico, and present-day Southwestern United States (including Texas); the first separately printed map of the East coast of North America (showing the discoveries of Verrazzano and Cartier; the first printed map to show the South American continent exclusively; first printed sea chart of the modern world. This important edition of Ptolemy contains the first full series of Ptolemaic maps to appear since the incunable editions of Bologna, Rome, and Florence. The maps are distinguished by precision of line, restrained decoration, and lettering of great clarity and beauty.
        Adams P2234. Burden 16: "The most comprehensive atlas produced between Martin Waldseemüller's Geographiae of 1513, and the Abraham Ortelius Theatrum of 1570. Giacomo Gastaldi had the maps beautifully engraved on copper. This marks a turning point, from now on the majority of cartographic works used this medium. As it was a harder material than wood it gave the engraver the ability to render more detail. Born in Villafranca, Piedmont, Gastaldi became Cosmographer to the Venetian Republic, then a powerhouse of commerce and trade. He sought the most up-to-date geographical information available, and [he] became one of the greatest cartographers of the sixteenth century. [Referring to Tierra Nveva:] This map is the first produced of the east coast. It relates the discoveries of the first of Jacques Cartier's voyages to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and those of Giovanni di Verrazzano"; & 17 (referring to Nveva Hispania Tabvla Nova): "The first regional map of the south-west of North America. Not until Cornelius Wytfliet's Hispania Nova, 1597, was this area covered in as much detail. With the accompanying Tierra Nveva they are the first copperplate maps devoted to North America. The R[io] de Spirito Santo appears again, as does an insular Yucatan. Topographical details appear inland in the form of mountain ranges, and a peninsular California is depicted, its first appearance in print being on the world map by Sebastian Cabot, 1544. The Spanish had been exploring this region for some time. R. tontonteanc here represents either the Colorado River or the Gila. There were no further issues of it, but in 1561 Girolamo Ruscelli enlarged it for his edition of Ptolemy's work" (see Item 3 below). European Americana 548/31.
        Martin & Martin 3n: "Gastaldi, working from Sebastian Münster's text and using his maps as a source, produced a new edition of Ptolemy's Geography.... [He] added a complete series of plates of the New World to Ptolemy, including the first map specifically devoted to New Spain. It was a notable improvement over previous depictions of the area, but committed several egregious errors, such as showing Yucatan as an island." Mortimer (Italian) 404. Nordenskiöld, Facsimile-Atlas 2: "The maps...constitute the prototype of almost all geographical atlases published since the discovery of the art of printing." Nordenskiöld 214. Phillips, Atlases 369. Portinaro & Knirsch, The Cartography of North America, Plate XXVI: "The depiction of the Lower California peninsula shows that the map is based on up-to-date information." Printing & the Mind of Man 18n: "The Ptolemaic conception of the universe dominated the thinking of western man from the second to the sixteenth and even continued into the eighteenth century. His influence can be compared only with that of Aristotle.... While Ptolemy's system had errors, it was the general Ptolemaic conception of the universe that prevailed in the western world for centuries. It placed the earth and man in the center of the world, it arranged the planets in orderly orbits and systems round it, and it connected each planet with a certain class of people."
        Schwartz & Ehrenberg, pp. 40 (discusses Gastaldi's Tierra Nveva in relation to the Ribeirian-Gomes concept) & 47. Shirley 87: "There are two 'modern' world maps in this new pocket-size version of Ptolemy's Geographia.... Nordenskiöld suggests that the copperplate maps were actually engraved by Gastaldi" & 88: "The second 'modern' map in the Gastaldi-Ptolemy atlas is a small 'navigator's chart,' presumably adapted from one of the many portolan charts then in common circulation.... The configuration of North America is interesting; the west is an extension of the Asian continent whilst the eastern part is almostbut not quitedivided by a large inland ocean. The words montagna Verde are printed upside down in the approximate region of New York State; further north the land mass continues under the names Tierra Del Bacalaos, Tierra Del Laborador and Gronlandia until it actually unites with Scandinavia in Europe." Skelton, Decorative Printed Maps, p. 43: "Gastaldi stands out among his contemporaries for geographical originality, for fertility, and for his technical brilliance as cartographic draftsman and engraver.... The most important contribution to Italian regional cartography in the middle of the century was that of Gastaldi." Stevens, Ptolemy 50. Streeter Sale I:17: "This edition is praised by both Sabin and Nordenskiöld for its beauty and elegance. 'A whole series of plates of the New World is here met with for the first time, and some of them are of no slight interest to the history of geography.'" Tooley, Landmarks of Mapmaking, p. 58. Wheat, Transmississippi West I, p. 20n. The World Encompassed 122. Winsor, Ptolemy, p. 24.
        While Gastaldi based his engravings of the twenty-six Ptolemaic maps on Münster's woodcut renderings, the thirty-four modern maps, which are interspersed with the ancient maps, were of his own design and contain significant innovations. The translation by botanist Pietro Andrea Mattioli appears in this edition only, being superseded by Girolamo Ruscelli's translation, first printed in 1561 and frequently reprinted. Gastaldi is thought to be the first to speculate that a strait separated North America and Asia. ($15,000-25,000)

View details from the 1548 Ptolemy>


2. [MAP]. MÜNSTER, Sebastian. Die neüwen Inseln so hinder Hispanien gegen Orient bey dem land Indie ligen.... Nouus orbis.... Die Nüw Welt. [Basle, 1558]. Woodcut map with place names in metal type. 25.8 x 34.4 cm (10-3/16 x 13-9/16 inches). Scale not stated. Magellan's last surviving ship is shown in the Pacific Ocean; Portuguese flag in the South Atlantic; Spanish flag in the Caribbean; cannibals' hut with dismembered leg on east coast of South America. Fine.
        State 9 of the map (with oua Insula Atlantica in South America, and Sciana removed from the Spanish flag); the map is from the 1558 German text edition of Münster's Cosmographia universalis (first state of map, 1540). Burden 12: "In 1540 Sebastian Münster, who was to become one of the most influential cartographers in the sixteenth century, published his edition of Ptolemy's Geography with a further section of modern, more up-to-date maps. He included for the first time a set of continental maps; the [one of America] was the earliest of any note.... He was the first to create space in the woodblock for the insertion of place-names in metal type. The map's inclusion in Münster's Cosmography...sealed the fate of 'America' as the name for the New World.... Mare pacificum appeared for the first time on a printed map.... Yucatan is still shown as an island and the lake at Temistitan is depicted emptying into the Gulf of Mexico.... Provided a huge impetus to the exploration of the region." Kohl 58n. Lowery 46n.
        Martin & Martin 2: "[A] remarkably advanced outline of the American continents, especially considering that less than fifty years had elapsed since the first voyage of Columbus.... Münster's map of the New World was probably the single most widely distributed map of America of the age.... His rendering of a single land mass, the confirmation of the name America, and the dissemination of the misinformation of Verrazzano combine to make it an important step in the cartographic history of the region." Schwartz & Ehrenberg, p. 50. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast XXXIn. Wheat, Transmississippi West I:20n. A basic map for an Americana collection, Münster's influential map became the standard view of the New World until Ortelius' 1570 map.


3. [MAP]. RUSCELLI, Girolamo. Nveva Hispania tabvla nova. [Venice, 1561]. Copper-engraved map. 18.2 x 24.8 cm (7-3/16 x 9-3/4 inches). Scale not indicated. Seas stipple engraved. Fine.
        First state of one of the earliest maps to show any detail in Texas and the Southwest. The first state has the plate mark running off the top left of page, and the text on verso commences: Nueva Hispania, trentesimaprima tavola nuova. Burden 31: "This map of New Spain is an enlarged version of Giacomo Gastaldi's published in 1548 [see Item 1 above]. The nomenclature is similar and cartographically it is identical with the noticeable exception of the Yucatan which is now shown correctly as a peninsula." Martin & Martin 3: "The place names along the upper Gulf Coast revealed the explorations of Piñeda, Cabeza de Vaca, and Moscosso, and the Mississippi, here shown as the 'Rio de Spiritu Santo,' was carefully depicted. The map enjoyed wide influence, appearing in successive editions of Ptolemy in 1561, 1564, 1573, 1574, 1596, 1597, and 1599." Nordenskiöld 216:60. Phillips, Atlases 371. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 48.
        The extremely graceful and restrained style of mapmaking by Gastaldi and Ruscelli marks a transition from the earlier, heavier style of woodcut maps, reflecting both the Italian sensibility and the use of copperplate engraving as a medium for cartography.


4. [MAP]. [MAGINI, Giovanni Antonio]. America. [Venice, 1596]. Copperplate engraved map. 13.5 x 17.4 cm (5-5/16 x 6-7/8 inches). Black and white. Scale not stated. Stipple engraved seas. Very fine.
        The present map appeared without change in five editions of Ptolemy's Geographiae vniversae between 1596 and 1621. Burden 93: "This new edition of Ptolemy's Geography was edited by Giovanni Antonio Magini, a noted geographer from Padua. The neatly engraved copperplates for this work are attributed to Girolamo Porro." Nordenskiöld 278. Phillips, Atlases 403, 405, & 436. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 186. Geographically, the map derives from D'Anania's map of 1582 and Ortelius' map of 1579, retaining the bulge on the southwest coast of South America. The map depicts North and South America with the mythical great southern continent below. This quaint little map had a long life, appearing as late as 1713 in Raphael Savonarola's Universus Terrarum Orbis Scriptorum.



5. [MAP]. [WYTFLIET, Corneille]. Hispania Nova. [Louvain, 1597]. Engraved map (black and white). 22.6 x 28.8 cm (8-7/8 x 11-3/8 inches). Scale not indicated. Seas stipple engraved. Title enclosed in decorative strapwork cartouche. Towns denoted by small illustrative symbols. Seas labeled in flourished italic capitals. Some mild foxing to lower blank margin (not affecting image), creased where formerly folded with short split at lower margin.
        "The only known geographic work by Wytfliet, Descriptiones Ptolemaicae Augmentum...can be described as the first separately published atlas devoted solely to the Americas.... As a compiler instead of creator, his production has remained all the more valuable as an excellent summary of everything then known in the Spanish Netherlands concerning the New World.... The maps in Wytfliet's Augmentum have been said to play the same part in the history of cartography of the New World as Ptolemy's maps do for the old, and they give us a valuable summary of the early cartography of America" (Martin & Martin, p. 75). Burden 105: "Published in the first atlas of America...this map concentrated on the Spanish area of influence in present-day Mexico. Like a lot of his maps, [Wytfliet's Hispania Nova] draws from Plancius' world map of 1592 amongst others. The area covered takes in all of present-day southern Texas up to the latitude of 30º north. No other states of the map are known and all issues are without text on the back." Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici (Wytfliet 1A), III, p. 219. Nordenskiöld 307. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 190. Texas was then little known, and that is reflected in the paucity of information on this map, where the borderlands region is labeled Floridæ Pars and Medanos de la Magdalena. The rivers in the Texas borderlands are Rio de las Palmas, a large, unnamed river (perhaps the Rio Grande), Rio Bravo, and Rio del Oro. Wytfliet's atlas with nineteen maps relating to America was republished in 1598, 1603, 1605, 1607, 1611, and 1615, with no changes to the present map.

6. [ATLAS]. BERTIUS, Petrus. Tabvlarvm geographicarvm contractarvm libri quinque.... Editio Secvnda. Amsterdam: Cornelium Nicolai, 1602. [16] 679 [9] pp., 175 copper-engraved maps, each measuring approximately 8.5 x 12.5 cm (3-3/8 x 4-15/16 inches), no scale stated, some cartouches, seas with shot-silk zigzag shading, occasional decorative elements such as compass roses, sea monsters, mythical creatures, animals, ships, etc. Seventeen of the maps relate to America and the Southwest, including Typus Orbis Terrarum (world map), Descriptio Americæ (America), Descriptio Novæ Hispanæ (New Spain and the Gulf of Mexico), Brazil, Cuba, etc. Oblong 8vo, new vellum done up in old style, with flaps and strap stitching. Occasional mild staining and wear, but generally a very good to fine, complete copy of this miniature atlas. The maps are excellent.
        This little gem is a lovely example of early seventeenth-century Dutch cartographic art. BMC II:1148. Burden 92 (citing the map of North America) & 114 (citing the map of New Spain and suggesting a sequence originating with Jode in 1593). Koeman, Atlantes Neerlandici (Langenes 5), II, pp. 256-57. Phillips, Atlases 414. Shirley 211n. The map of America first appeared in a 1596 Dutch translation of Las Casas' Brevisima Relación. The world maps and the map of America have beautiful strapwork at the corners, and many of the maps exhibit the liveliness and whimsy of the engraver's art.


7. [MAP]. BLAEU, Willem Jansz. Insvlæ Americanæ in Oceano Septentrionali, cum Terris adiacentibus. [Amsterdam, 1635/1640-1655]. Copper-engraved map. 38.4 x 52.9 cm (15-1/8 x 20-3/4 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 34 German miles. Cartouche at lower left with armorial shield (lady with mirror and two snakes, putti reading a book); cartouche at top (two putti with lizards, snakes, bat, and turtle); cartouche at lower right (two putti holding navigational instruments). Rhumb lines, three compass roses, ships. Mild foxing, otherwise a fine copy of this very handsome map.
        This map was first published in 1635 in the simultaneously issued Latin, French, and Dutch editions of Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Additamentum III. It appears that the map was unaltered from 1635 to 1667. The present map is from either the 1640, 1645, 1650, or 1655 Latin edition. Burden 242: "Cartographically the map draws on the extremely rare chart by Hesel Gerritsz, ca. 1631. The area of coverage is exactly the same with the exception of Blaeu's addition of the west coast of Central America. The nomenclature of the North American part is virtually identical, the only notable addition being the naming of VIRGINIA. It reflects firsthand knowledge of Gerritsz during his voyage to South America and the West Indies in 1628.... It seems likely that a Spanish chart was used as the nomenclature along the south-east coast lacks any of the French influences often seen at the time."
        Jackson, Flags along the Coast, Plate 5 & pp. 10-11 (analyzing Blaeu's capitalization of Gerritsz's work): "Copies of 'Blaeu's' 1635 Insvlæ Americanæ were issued by Jan Jansson, Nicholas Visscher, Pieter Goos (taken directly from Gerritsz's original), Arnoldus Montanus, John Ogilby, Frederick de Wit, Johannes Van Keulen (also from the original), Louis Renard, and others until the end of the century. Further, its treatment of the coast was integrated into a number of important seventeenth-century North American maps, such as those by Jansson, Nicolas Sanson, Alexis-Hubert Jaillot, and Vincenzo Coronelli, providing a near-irresistible model for cartographers of the eighteenth century. This antique model remained in use so long because little exploration was conducted after Spain's initial thrusts of the late 1400s and early 1500s. Maps of the discovery period were merely passed from nation to nation, copied and recopied, until they gained credibility through sheer familiarity." Koeman I, p. 94n. Portinaro & Knirsch, The Cartography of North America, pp. 178-79.


8. [MAP]. [HAPPEL, Eberhard Werner]. [Untitled hemispheric map of the Americas]. [Ulm], 1687. Engraved map. 29.7 x 29.2 cm (11-11/16 x 11-7/16 inches). Scale not stated. Allegorical vignettes in the four corners representing America (Native American with tobacco plant smoking a long pipe), Africa (African adult and child with elephant), Europe (man in European dress with sea chart, navigational devices, anchor, and oar with letters PWCPF), and Asia (man in fur clothing and hat, bear eating a child). Very fine.
        This rare and curious map showing California as an island is quite charming with its rather primitive and appealing allegorical engravings. The map appeared in Happel's Mundus Mirabilis (1687) and later in other works by the same author. Not in Shirley, though he recorded and illustrated the map subsequent to the 1987 edition of his The Mapping of the World: Early Printed World Maps 1472-1700. See Shirley's 1993 article "Six New World Maps" in The Map Collector (No. 64, pp. 3-8). McLaughlin, California as an Island 92 (illustrated): "California of Briggs type.... Issued in his Historia moderna Europæ, Ulm, 1687, 1692."


9. [MAP]. MORDEN, Robert. Mexico or New Spain. [London, 1693]. Engraved map, set within text on a page numbered 576, running head: Of New Spain by Robt. Morden. Map measures 10 x 12 cm (3-7/8 x 4-3/4 inches). Title in decorative cartouche. Table at left with major towns keyed to lettered locations, including Sinaloa, Guadalajara, Mexico City, Chiapas, Guatemala, Yucatan, etc. Small stain at left side, otherwise fine.
        First state. Extracted from the 1693 edition of Morden's Geography Rectified, or a Description of the World. McLaughlin, California as an Island 97 (State 1): "Partial view of California labeled California I. with no other place names." The Texas coast is shown with place names C. Blanco and B. of Spirito Sancto; the region of Texas is labeled Florida, and the Gulf of Mexico is Golfe of Mixico. The text proclaims that "No Country in the World feeds so much cattel" and that "The Riches of the Country, besides their Gold and silver...are...Tallow, Hides." Morden (fl. 1668-1703) is best known for his interesting sets of geographical playing cards.


10. [MAP]. JAILLOT, Alexis N. Mappe-Monde de Geo-Hydrographique, ou Description Generale du Globe Terrestre et Aquatique, en Deux Plans-Hemispheres, ou Sont Exactement Remarquees en General Toutes les Parties de la Terrre et de L'Eau. Suivant les Relations les Plus Nouvelles. Paris: Jaillot, 168_ [altered by contemporary pen to read 1699]. Engraved map, original outline coloring. 45.6 x 65.5 cm (17-7/8 x 25-3/4 inches). Scale not stated. Two decorative cartouches depicting coat-of-arms of France, angels, and mermaids. Under glass, matted, handsome modern wooden frame.
        Jaillot based this map showing California as an island on Nicholas Sanson. Leighly 63. The map does not match exactly the entries by Shirley, but see his entries 462, 536, and 569. The present map is most similar to Shirley's 569. Some issues of the map did have the complete year; others provided only the first three digits (see Shirley 569 & Plate 392). The present version has a printed date of what appears to be 168_, but an ink notation has been made to alter the printed date to 1699. Apparently the first state of the map was 1674 (Shirley 462). The alterations of the various issues relate to the cartouches and the way the title bar is laid out; the hemispheres appear to remain the same.



11. [MAP]. DE L'ISLE, Guillaume. L'Amérique Septentrionale.... Paris: Chéz l'Autheur Rue des Canettes préz de St. Suplice avec Privilege du Roy, 1700. Engraved map, original outline coloring. 45 x 60.8 cm (17-7/8 x 23-7/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 13 French Leagues. Very fine, excellent impression.
        "A foundation map...and the first to revert to a peninsular form of California" (Tooley, "French Mapping of the Americas" in The Mapping of America, p. 19). The present copy exhibits the first state points long accepted by cartobibliographers (cartouche with cartographer's title "Geographe" and address "Rue de Canettes"). An article in the Map Collector (Issue 26, pp. 2-6, March 1984) by Schwartz & Taliaferro brought to light the existence of one known copy (in Austria) of an earlier state in which the mouth of the Mississippi River is shown in Texas, rather than as on the present copy, in Louisiana slightly west of longitude 280º. No further copies of the map in earlier state have surfaced, and Philip Burden has referred to the earliest state as virtually a proof.
        Lowery 247. Taliaferro 93n (citing a later issue): "De l'Isle was the most illustrious and privileged French cartographer during the age when that nation's explorers led all others in contributing to the geographical knowledge of North America. As a result, all of his maps of America were innovative and influential.... Texas geography begins to assume a comprehensible form for the first time." Tooley, "California as an Island" in The Mapping of America, p. 111: "California was almost invariably depicted as an island till well into the eighteenth century. One of the first to correct the misconception was Guillaume de L'Isle.... This great French geographer was among the first to discard theoretical geography. Where real knowledge ceased, De L'Isle had the courage to stop and was content to leave a blank in his map"; "The Mapping of the Great Lakes" in The Mapping of America, p. 315: "Important and essential for any Great Lakes collection." Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 459 & pp. 140-42. Wheat, Transmississippi West I:79 & pp. 45-46. See Martin & Martin's comments on Delisle.



12. [BOOK]. BURNET, Thomas. Telluris Theoria Sacra: Orbis Nostri Originem & Mutationes Generales, quas Aut jam subiit, aut olim subiturus est Complectens. Libri Duo Priores de Diluvio & Paradiso. Editio Tertia, recognita & Contracta. London: Benj. Took, 1702. [16, unnumbered] 356 pp. (4 books with separate title-pages, but continuous pagination; pp. 1, 93, 96-100, 170-184, 274-280 are unnumbered; pp. 307 and 306 are in reverse order; p. 169 is misnumbered 161), 2 double-page engraved maps (Fig. 1. Europa, Asia, Africa. Plate impression: 19.8 x 21 cm [7-3/4 x 8-1/4 inches]. Image: 18.8 cm x 18.2 cm [7-3/8 x 7-1/8 inches]; Fig. 2. America. Plate impression: 20 x 20.4 cm [7-3/4 x 8 inches]. Image: 19 x 18.5 cm [7-3/8 x 7-1/4 inches]. Scale not stated), 9 text illustrations (some full-page). 8vo, modern three-quarter dark brown morocco over contemporary brown mottled boards, raised bands on spine, gilt-lettered tan leather label. Fragile boards abraded, blank margins of first book (pp. 1-95) neatly extended at an early date. Contemporary neat nineteenth-century ink inscriptions at bottom and verso of title-page. Very good to very fine, the two maps excellent.
        Third edition, revised (first published at London in 1684, in 2 volumes; the same plates and maps were used for the first and subsequent editions). The cartographical importance is the ethereal circular map of the Western hemisphere, showing California as an island. McLaughlin, California as an Island 77 (state 2): "The Western hemisphere [is shown on an] azimuthal equal-area projection [with an] attempt to show the ocean floor in relief.... California as an island similar to second Sanson model but with a more angular northwest tip, as by Colom and Doncker." Shirley 507n: "Thomas Burnet was the first Englishman to attempt a scientific account of the origin of the earth. His treatise is a curious blend of geography and archaeology and aroused great interest at the time. There are two maps, of the east and west hemispheres, showing the continents in outline and also marking hypothetical lands before the Flood."

13. [MAP]. DE FER, Nicolas. Le Canada, ou Nouvelle France, la Floride, la Virginie, Pensilvanie, Caroline, Nouvelle Angleterre et Nouvelle Yorck, l'Isle de Terre Neuve, la Louisiane et le Cours de la Riviere de Misisipi. Paris, 1702/1705. Engraved map (by Van Loon), original outline coloring. 23.2 x 34.3 cm (9-1/8 x 13-1/2 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 70 French leagues. Compass rose. Fine.
        The map shows present-day Lower Canada, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, the Grand Banks, present-day United States to the eastern portion of Texas (including the mouth of the Rio Grande), Cuba, Bermuda, and the Bahamas. The Texas Gulf Coast has text related to LaSalle. The map is from De Fer's L'atlas curieux ou le monde.... (Paris, 1700-1705). Karpinski, pp. 124-27: "De Fer and other French cartographers consistently confined the English colonies to as narrow a strip as possible upon the Atlantic sea-board. On the other hand, before the Revolution English cartographers extended the English colonies to the Mississippi and even beyond that river. In fact title to land in the Northwest Territory rested in part with Virginia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York, and others of the original thirteen colonies. The uncertainties and changes in the boundaries of the middle-western states was partly due to these conditions as well as to the uncertainties with respect to the exact location of natural boundaries." Phillips, Atlases 546.


Items 14 & 15

14. [BOOK]. JOUTEL, Henri. Journal historique du dernier voyage que feu M. de la Sale fit dans le golfe de Mexique.... Paris: Robinot, 1713. xxiv, 386 pp., folding engraved map: Carta Nouvelle de la Louisiane et de la Riviere de Missisipi.... 35.3 x 38 cm (13-7/8 x 14-1/8 inches). Scale not stated. Title engraved on illustration of two Native Americans holding a buffalo skin with head attached; illustration of Niagara Falls at top left, map adorned with ships, sea battle, and buffalo, compass rose. Large key to locations and events (including La Salle in Texas) at right. 12mo, full contemporary calf, neatly rebacked (original gilt spine laid down), spine gilt with raised bands, corners renewed. Occasional light age-toning, else fine, the map excellent.
        First edition. Basic Texas Books 114. Bell J127. Bradford 2765. JCB (1)3:177. Church 855. Clark, Old South I:14. European Americana 1713/103. Field 808n. Graff 2251. Howes J266. Jackson, Flags along the Coast, p. 124 (illustrated) & p. 123: "Before leaving the subject of the influence of Delisle's Carte du Mexique, the map which appeared in Henri Joutel's Journal historique (1713) should be mentioned. This Carta Nouvelle de la Louisianelike Delisle's maphas the Mississippi in mid-continent, emptying into the Gulf just west of the old bay off Espiritu Santo. Joutel's map shows the bay quite large, but even larger is his 'Baye de St. Louis.' Moreover, Joutel gives a detailed account of French exploration within Texas, keyed to letters on the map. Thus, this map represents a transition to the type of information that Delisle depicted on his 1718 map of Louisiana." Jones 394. Lande 477. Raines, p. 230. Streeter 1125n. Wagner, Spanish Southwest 79.

Joutel acted as La Salle's second-in-command on the ill-fated expedition of 1684-1687 to establish a French colony at the mouth of the Mississippi River. Of the three first-hand narratives of the expedition, Francis Parkman considered this to be the most trustworthy. In 1682 La Salle descended the Mississippi to its delta, formally claiming the territory for France and naming it Louisiana. Two years later he set sail from France to found a colony there, but missed his mark and landed farther west, at Matagorda Bay on the Texas coast. From the outset the expedition was plagued by misfortune, and eventually La Salle was murdered by his own men. Joutel and a few survivors subsequently made their way across Texas to the Red and Arkansas Rivers, up the Mississippi to Fort St. Louis on the Illinois River, and from there to Quebec via the Great Lakes. The book constitutes an important, early work on the east Texas region; the French incursion there, though short-lived, was the first European settlement attempted in the area. The handsome map which accompanies the work shows the theatre of La Salle's expedition, incorporates the results of his exploration, and presents a relatively accurate delineation of the Mississippi River and eastern Texas.


See also illus. for Item 14

15. [BOOK]. JOUTEL, Henri. A Journal of the Last Voyage Perform'd by Monsr. de la Sale, to the Gulph of Mexic, to Find out the Mouth of the Missisipi River; Containing, an Account of the Settlements He Eendeavour'd to Make on the Coast of the Aforesaid Bay, His Unfortunate Death, and the Travels of his Companions for the Space of Eight Hundred Leagues across That Inland Country of America, Now Call'd Louisiana.... London: A. Bell, B. Lintott & J. Baker, 1714. xxi [9] 205 [5, index], folding engraved map mounted on linen: A New Map of the Country of Louisiana and of ye River Missisipi in North America Discouer'd by Mons. de la Salle in ye Years 1682 and 1686, as allso of Several Other Rivers, Before Unknown and Falling into ye Bay of St Lewis by the Sr Joutel, who Perform'd that Voyage 1713.... 36.2 x 39 cm (14-1/4 x 15-1/4 inches). Scale not stated. Title engraved on illustration of two Native Americans holding a buffalo skin with head attached; illustration of Niagara Falls at top left, map adorned with ships, sea battle, and buffalo, compass rose. Large key to locations and events (including La Salle in Texas) at right. 12mo, full contemporary paneled calf (neatly rebacked with late nineteenth- or early twenty-century calf, spine with raised bands and gilt-lettered burgundy morocco label). Later endsheets. Occasional light age-toning and a few minor stains, generally fine. Armorial bookplate.
        First edition in English of preceding. Basic Texas Books 114A. Bradford 2767. Church 859. Clark, Old South I:14. European Americana 1714/70. Graff 2252. Howes J266. Jones 399. Martin & Martin, pp. 21-22n. Raines, p. 230. Streeter 1125n. Wagner, Spanish Southwest 79A. In this English edition, the engraving is not so fine as in the French edition, the Niagara Falls view has been reversed, as are the animals, ships, etc.



16. [MAP]. DELISLE, G. Carte de la Louisiane et du cours de Mississipi.... Paris: Chez l'auteur le Sr. Delisle sur le Quay de l'Horloge avec privilège du Roy Juin 1718. Engraved map with original outline coloring by hand. 48.2 x 64.9 cm (19 x 25-1/2 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 20 French leagues. Inset at lower right: Carte particulière des Embouchures de la Rivie. S Louis et de la Mobile. 13.5 x 16 cm (5-1/4 x 6-1/4 inches). Compass rose. Exceptionally fine condition. Under glass, matted, modern brushed metal frame.
        First printing (New Orleans not located) of the first accurate delineation of the Mississippi Valley system and "the first printed map to show Texas" (Tooley). Cumming, p. 156: "It is for the Mississippi valley, particularly the Gulf area, that the cartography of this map is notable for employment of new information, wealth of detail, and relative accuracy." Jackson, Flags along the Coast, p. 44: "[In 1718] Delisle released another landmark map with strong Enríque Barroto/Bisente elements." Karpinski 50. Kohl 238: "This map is the mother and main source of all the later maps of the Mississippi." Lowery 288.
        Martin & Martin 19: "[Delisle's] most important achievement for North American cartography came in 1718, with the publication of his Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi. Because of its accurate information on the Mississippi and its tributaries, this map served throughout the eighteenth century as the prototype for most subsequent renderings of that great river. It was, moreover, a politically provocative map: what Delisle labeled Florida in 1703 then appeared as the unmistakably French territory of Louisiana, stretching from the Rio Grande in the west to the Appalachians in the east. Angry protests from the British and Spanish governments against this cartographic usurpation were followed by a cartographic war, in which the map makers of each country issued productions showing their own territorial claims.
        "Politics aside, Delisle's rendering of Texas was a distinct improvement over previously published attempts. It featured an improved depiction of the river system and a much more accurate view of the coast. It also credibly delineated for the first time the land routes of all of the important explorers, including de Soto and Moscoso in 1540 and 1542, La Salle in 1687, and de Leon in 1689. Delisle's sources were also clearly revealed by the many references to St. Denis's explorations; the currency of his information was evident from the appearance of Natchitoches on the Red River, founded only the year before the map was printed. Throughout the map appeared the ranges of many Indian tribes and the locations of their villages, while boldly displayed along the Texas coast is the legend 'nomadic and man-eating Indians,' presumably referring to the Karankawa tribes that caused La Salle so much grief. The most important notation to Texas history, however, was that appearing along the Trinity: 'Mission de los Teijas, etablie in 1716.' Referring to the earliest of the Spanish missions in East Texas, this phrase marked the first appearance of a form of the name Texas on a printed map and thus Delisle has received proper credit for establishing Texas as a geographic place name." Schwartz & Ehrenberg, pp. 142-43, 146 & plate 84. Tooley, "French Mapping of the Americas" (MCS 33) 43: "The first detailed map of the Gulf Region and the Mississippi, the first printed map to show Texas, the first to show the land routes of earlier centuriesDe Soto in 1539-40 and his successor Moscoso in 1542, Cavelier in 1687, Tonty in 1702 and the recent route of Denis in 1713 & 1716"; Landmarks of Mapmaking, p. 229. Wheat, Transmississippi West 67: "An important cartographic monument.... Distinct advances in the mapping of the American West."


17. [MAP]. DE FER, Nicolas. La Californie ou Nouvelle Caroline. Teatro de los trabajos, apostolicos de la Compa. de Jesus en la America, Septe.... Paris, 1720. Engraved map with original outline coloring. 45.8 x 65.8 cm (18 x 25-7/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 23 Spanish leagues. Lengthy engraved text giving names and dates of European landings in California, set within scroll with vignettes of Native Americans (upper right beneath title); scale within cartouche decorated with birds, armadillo, and sloth (lower left). Neatly reinforced on verso at centerfold and one other small area. Fine.
        First printing of one of the largest and most handsome maps of California as an island. This is an enlarged and revised version of De Fer's 1705 map of California and New Mexico. Burrus, Kino and the Cartography of Northwestern New Spain, Plate XIV & pp. 65-66 (discussing De Fer's "borrowing" of Kino's map): "Nicolas de Fer published in Paris in 1720 a third edition of Kino's 1695-1696 map. It is not only a far more artistic production than the first two, but it is also far closer to the original by copying its title 'California or New Carolina, Theater of the Apostolic Efforts of the Society of Jesus in North America,' reproducing Kino's summaries of the expeditions to California (translated from French) and restoring the names of the mainland settlements to the map proper. Nicolas [De] Fer, now geographer to his Catholic Majesty, reminds his readers that the map he is publishing is delineated according to the one which the Viceroy of New Spain sent to the Duque de Escalona, who in turn forwarded it several years ago to the Academy of Sciences. The chart is printed in Paris, on the island of the palace, at the royal sphere.... In order to make the map more ornate he adds one degree to the southern portion of the map without depicting any additional territory.... [De] Fer's productions are the only ones influenced directly by Kino. They in turn exerted a European-wide effect on the cartography of the area."
         Leighly 146 (Plate XXI). McLaughlin, California as an Island 196: "Issued in his Atlas ou recüeil de cartes geographiques (Paris, 1709-[28])." Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 517. Wheat, Transmississippi West 102 & pp. 45-47, 69 & 77. Based on Father Kino's map of 1696, "this fine rare map is a reissue of De Fer's map of 1705 but on a larger scale and with some notable additions" (Tooley, California as an Island 83). The evolution of this grand map is distinguished. Wheat speculates that the prototype for De Fer's 1705 map came from Mexican savant Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, who had access to Jesuit missionary-explorer-geographer Eusebio Kino's early notes.


18. [MAP]. VAN KEULEN, Gerard. Carte de la Nouvelle France ou se voit le cours des grandes rivieres de S. Laurens & de Mississipi Aujour d'hui S. Louis, aux environs des-quelles se trouvent les états pais nations peuples & de la Floride, de la Louisiane, de la Virginie, de la Marie-Lande, de la Pensilvanie du Nouveau Jersey, de le Nouv. York de la Nouv. Angleterre, de l'Acadie de Canada, des Esquimaux, des Hurons des Iroquois, des Ilinois &c. et de la Grande Ile de Terre Neuve: dressé sur les memoires les plus nouveaux recueillis pour l'etablissement de la Compagnie François Occident. Amsterdam: Chez Gerard von Keulen, Marchand Libraire, ca. 1720. Engraved map with original full and outline coloring. Two sheets joined, together measuring 57.4 x 99.1 cm (22-5/8 x 39 inches). Scale: 1 inch = 72 miles. Two inset charts at lower right: (1) Inkomen van de rivier van Mississipi.... 17.6 x 19.6 cm (7 x 7-3/4 inches); (2) Les costes de Louisiane de plus la Baye de l'Ascension jusques a celle de St. Joseph.... 13 x 28 cm (5-1/8 x 11 inches). Rhumb lines, compass roses. Superb copy, beautifully colored.
        First printing. Koeman (Atlantes Neerlandici) assigns this map a Van Keulen number of [320], as being found in a copy of the Zee-Fakkel, though the map apparently is not a standard atlas map (as Ashley Baynton-Williams and Rodney Shirley have graciously counseled). Paraphrase from the catalogue archive of Thomas Suarez: "In this celebrated Dutch map, the mouth and courses of the Mississippi are generally correct; but the coast of Texas is still based on older maps, with the bays greatly larger than they really are. The two inset charts show the mouth of the Mississippi and the entire Gulf Coast. With the usual pro-French bias of the time, British possessions in North America are diminished, and French Louisiana extends east to the Alleghenies, taking up most of the continent. 'La Floride' is included as a part of Louisiana. Very rare." Jackson, Flags along the Coast, pp. 44 & 122 (mentioning Van Keulen's reliance on Blaeu's Insvlæ Americanæ, see Item 7 above).
        The map includes all of present-day Texas on a quite large scale, and with a plethora of detail. The map extends as far west as Arizona (to the Casa Grande area) and far north into Montana, Canada, etc. The Great Salt Lake is located. The detail in New Mexico, Arizona, and Northern Mexico is excellent, too. Van Keulen had the advantage of borrowing from Delisle's superb Carte de la Louisiane (see Item 16 above), but Van Keulen's map extends considerably further west than Delisle's. Van Keulen's map is not listed in Wheat, Transmississippi West. This map makes an excellent counterpart to the next listed map (Item 19), both being grand examples of the cartographic war carried out by Europeans making claim to territory in North America. Van Keulen promotes the French claim, while Moll touts the English.

19. [MAP]. MOLL, H. A New Map of the North Parts of America claimed by France under ye names of Louisiana, Mississipi, Canada and New France with ye Adjoyning Territories of England and Spain.... [London], 1720. Engraved map with original outline coloring. Four half sheets joined, overall 62 x 104.4 cm (24-1/4 x 40-3/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 90 miles. Armorial dedicatory cartouche at lower left; title within decorated border; A scale of miles for longitude at lower right; compass rose. Inset engraved illustration at upper left: The Indian Fort of Sasquesahanock. Inset maps on right: The Harbour of Annapolis Royal; and A Map of ye Mouth of Mississipi and Mobile Rivers &c. Fine.
        First printing of a very rare, early English rendering of Delisle's 1718 map of the Mississippi Valley. Although Moll appears at first to copy Delisle's 1718 Carte de la Louisiane et cours du Mississipi (see Item 16 above), Moll actually enlarges Delisle and volleys a scathing English counterblast to French claims in America as reflected in Delisle's map. Cumming, pp. 43-44: "Moll calls upon the English noblemen, gentlemen, and merchants interested in Carolina to note the 'Incroachments' of the French map on their 'Properties' and on the land of their Indian allies. The map presents details of the Southeast found in no other printed map. The chief source of this information is a large, unsigned, undated manuscript map in the Public Record Office, from which Moll took much information on trading paths, Indian tribes, French, Spanish, and English forts and settlements, rivers, and other topographical data."
        Leighly 180. McLaughlin, California as an Island 197: "Shows southern part of California and Gulf of California, which widens at north." Reinhartz, "Herman Moll, Geographer: An Early Eighteenth-Century European View of the American Southwest," pp. 32-33 in Reinhartz & Colley (eds.), The Mapping of the American Southwest (see also Fig. 2.5 & p. 81, no source listed): "Moll's mapping of Texas and northern Mexico is both informative and appealing. He was best at coastal geography, depicting with some accuracy the coastal features, barrier islands (e.g., Padre Island), and identified rivers emptying into the Gulf of Mexico. The rivers often continue deep into the interior, where there is less detail, but Moll does indicate various Indian tribes.... But most intriguing are Moll's notations. For example, he mentions several times the Spanish cattle gone wildthe famous Texas longhorns of later yearsby noting 'Country full of Beeves' or 'This Country has vast and Beautiful Plains, all level and full of Greens, which afford Pasture to an infinite number of Beeves and other Creatures' in East Texas near the 'R. Salado.' Nearby also is noted, 'Many Nations [of Indians] on ye heads of this Branches [of several rivers] who use Horses and Trade with the French and Spaniards.'" Moll, who cannot restrain expressing his opinions in his maps, restores the English claim to the territory east of the Mississippi and gives back part of Florida to Spain; in the Advertisement text, Moll states: All within the Blew Colour of this Map, shows what is Claim'd by France under the Names of Louisiana, Mississipi &c. According to a French Map published at Paris with the French King's Privelege. The Yellow Colour what they allow ye English. The Red, Spain....


20. [MAP]. [MOLL, Herman]. Mexico, or New Spain. Divided into the Audiance of Guadalayara, Mexico and Guatimala, Florida. [London, 1723]. Copper-engraved map, set within leaf of printed text (at top left: 214; running head: Mexico, or/Chap. VII. Of the Kingdom of New-Spain....). Map measures 16.2 x 18.1 cm (6-3/8 x 7-1/8 inches). Scale not stated. Light marginal browning to text leaf (not affecting map image), else fine. Sharp impression.
        McLaughlin, California as an Island 143: "Shows lower portion of California with Gulf of California becoming wider to north." This map, which appeared in the fourth edition of Moll's Compleat Geographer, shows the Mississippi River entering the Gulf in present-day Texas, due north of the North or Bravo River (Rio Grande). The region of Texas is designated Part of Louisiane (with the Ohio River flowing east to west across Texas). The Southwest is shown as far west as the mouth of the Colorado River, with the far west labeled Part of Sta. Fe or Real of new Mexico. The text accompanying the map describes New Mexico, Native Americans, and the expeditions of Espejo, Oñate, and others, making this a wonderful addition to a New Mexico collection. The Gulf of Mexico region east of Texas is shown as Florida. Though of Dutch extraction, Moll (d. 1732) was fiercely loyal to England, and what is now the southeast U.S. north of Florida he has claimed as Part of the English Empire.
The present map is one of several incarnations of New Spain showing the present U.S. Southwest. Dennis Reinhartz states that Moll's maps of New Spain are important for understanding Moll's view of the Southwest and comments on Moll generally: "Moll worked at the very dawn of what has been called the 'cartographic enlightenment,' and it is evident from his mapping of the American Southwest that he was serious about and dedicated to his craft as a geographer.... His inaccuracies and inconsistencies were common to the age and the state of the art and were often derived from earlier work by others. He certainly was not atypical, but he was one of the most important European cartographers and imagemakers of the early eighteenth century" (see "Herman Moll, Geographer: An Early Eighteenth-Century European View of the American Southwest" in Reinhartz & Colley (eds.), The Mapping of the American Southwest, pp. 18-36; also consult Reinhartz' article "Cartography, Literature, and Empire: Herman Moll, His Maps, and His Friends" in Mercator's World, March/April 1999, Vol. 4, No. 2). Jack Jackson comments on Moll: "Moll, like De Fer, stole from the best sources available, and in this respect, their works merit further study" (Flags along the Coast, p. 54).
        Moll's prolific and diverse output over a half century included charts, atlases, globes, and numerous geography-related publications. There are surprising diversions within Moll's work, too. For example, Moll created the world map found in the fourth edition of Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, and the fictional maps found in the first edition of Gulliver's Travels are tracings from Moll's maps.


21. [MAP]. [HERRERA DE TORDESILLAS, Antonio (attrib.)]. Descripcion de las Yndias Ocidentales. [Madrid, 1723]. Engraved map. 22.5 x 32 cm (8-7/8 x 12-9/16 inches). Scale not stated. Title within ornamental cartouche, small oval diagram of climatic zones at lower left. Verso of right blank margin stained (not affecting face of map).
        Burden 140n (citing the map's first incarnation in the 1601 edition of Herrera's Historia Géneral): "The area depicted on this map is largely derived from the manuscript charts of Juan López de Velasco, ca. 1575-80.... The lines of demarcation so bitterly fought over by the Spanish and Portuguese are shown; these divide the non-Christian world into spheres of influence.... The map has no text on the reverse, and the copperplate was not used again. It is scarce.... It was not until 1622 that the maps were used again.... A[nother] version of the map accompanied Juan de Torquemada's Libros Rituales i Monarchia Indiana published in 1723."
        Martin & Martin 7n: "Of the colonizing powers in the New World, Spain contributed the least to the growing body of geographical knowledge throughout the centuries of the Great Discoveries. Protective of her gigantic New World empire, Spain kept secret, with few exceptions, as much information as possible, with most of her maps and charts remaining unpublished. Usually only when her ships would suffer piracy from those of the other European powers, and Spanish maps and charts were recovered, did Spain contribute new knowledge of the cartography of the New World." Philips, America, p. 107. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 525. For more on Torquemada's book, see Barrett 2420, Cowan, p. 642, Hill, p. 293, Medina 2491, and Wagner, Spanish Southwest 18a. Texas, shown as a part of New Spain, is a mere blank. California is shown as peninsular.


21. [MAP]. [HERRERA DE TORDESILLAS, Antonio (attrib.)]. Descripcion de las Yndias Ocidentales. [Madrid, 1723]. Engraved map. 22.5 x 32 cm (8-7/8 x 12-9/16 inches). Scale not stated. Title within ornamental cartouche, small oval diagram of climatic zones at lower left. Verso of right blank margin stained (not affecting face of map).
        Burden 140n (citing the map's first incarnation in the 1601 edition of Herrera's Historia Géneral): "The area depicted on this map is largely derived from the manuscript charts of Juan López de Velasco, ca. 1575-80.... The lines of demarcation so bitterly fought over by the Spanish and Portuguese are shown; these divide the non-Christian world into spheres of influence.... The map has no text on the reverse, and the copperplate was not used again. It is scarce.... It was not until 1622 that the maps were used again.... A[nother] version of the map accompanied Juan de Torquemada's Libros Rituales i Monarchia Indiana published in 1723."
        Martin & Martin 7n: "Of the colonizing powers in the New World, Spain contributed the least to the growing body of geographical knowledge throughout the centuries of the Great Discoveries. Protective of her gigantic New World empire, Spain kept secret, with few exceptions, as much information as possible, with most of her maps and charts remaining unpublished. Usually only when her ships would suffer piracy from those of the other European powers, and Spanish maps and charts were recovered, did Spain contribute new knowledge of the cartography of the New World." Philips, America, p. 107. Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 525. For more on Torquemada's book, see Barrett 2420, Cowan, p. 642, Hill, p. 293, Medina 2491, and Wagner, Spanish Southwest 18a. Texas, shown as a part of New Spain, is a mere blank. California is shown as peninsular.
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23. [MAP]. [VAN JAGEN, Jan]. [Untitled double hemisphere map]. [Amsterdam?, ca. 1740]. Engraved map, original full color. 30 x 44.5 cm (11-3/4 x 17-1/2 inches). Scale not stated. Double hemisphere map surrounded by four female personifications of the four continents with elaborate landscape backdrops; two circular charts labeled polar but actually showing the Copernican and Ptolemaic systems. Clean split on center left fold (barely affecting the image), else very fine. Under glass, matted, modern black wooden frame.
        This map is based on an earlier map by N. J. Visscher that appeared in a 1657 Dutch Bible; the map was used in subsequent Bibles and atlases by Stoopendahl and others as late as the 1780s. In the Stoopendahl versions, California is shown as an island, but in the present version, California is peninsular. In the present copy, the plate has been altered to remove the title panel at the top margin. See Shirley 431 for reference to the Visscher/Stoopendahl version.


24. [MAP]. D'ANVILLE, J. B. B. Amérique Septentrionale publiée sous les auspices de Monseigneur le Duc D'Orleans Prémier Prince du Sang. Paris, 1746. Engraved map, original outline coloring. Six map segments joined to form a two-sheet map, printed on heavy rag paper, each sheet approximately 47.7 x 86.3 cm (18-3/4 x 34 inches), together approximately 92.7 x 86.3 cm (36-1/2 x 34 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 35 French leagues. Large, elegant cartouche of a classically draped semi-nude female wearing a feathered headdress, two children or putti, animals (engraved after St. Gravelot); inset of Hudson and Baffin Bays. A few light fox marks and short tears (both of which are confined to the blank margins). Overall very fine, excellent impression.
        First state, with lower margin of map spherical. "To illustrate the cartography of the second half of the eighteenth century, a d'Anville map is essential. He dominated not only French but all contemporary geographers. He was one of the foremost to leave blank spaces in his maps where knowledge was insufficient. He became First Geographer to the King and was a collector of maps as well as a cartographer, starting at the age of fifteen. His representation of the Great Lakes is superior to that of his contemporary John Mitchell. Curiously his maps, being of large size, have never been too popular with collectors and consequently fetch much less than their geographical content merits" (Tooley, "The Mapping of the Great Lakes" in The Mapping of America, pp. 316-17).
        Karpinski, p. 138. Lowery 381. Taliaferro, p. 11: "D'Anville's map of North America, 1746, bears a notation of the Texas coast concerning a Port François discovered by the French in 1720. Otherwise, we have not encountered an eighteenth-century map that alludes to La Harpe's expedition"; & 134n: "Famous and popular map of North America...its depiction of the U.S. Gulf Coast was among the most influential of the century." Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast 552. After the death of Delisle, d'Anville continued the line of progressive French cartographers which had begun with Sanson. The present map reflects d'Anville's penchant for accuracy, elegance, and lack of clutter and guesswork. The cartouche is particularly refined.


25. [MAP]. ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, [Didier]. Partie du Mexique ou de la Nouvle. Espagne ou se trove L'Audce. de Gaudalajara, Nouveau Mexique, Nouvelle Navarre, Californie &c. [Paris]: Robert Géog du Roi A. Pr., [1748-49]. Engraved map, original outline coloring. 16.3 x 19.6 cm (6-7/16 x 7-7/8 inches). Scale: 1 inch = approximately 50 French leagues. Very light waterstaining confined mainly to lower blank margin, otherwise fine.
                This map appeared in the Nouvelle atlas portative created by the cartographer's father, Gilles Robert de Vaugondy. Day, Maps of Texas 8. Phillips, Atlases 608. Texas, shown as part of Nouv. Leon and Nouveau Mexique, is in an unusual conformation. Its southern border is blunt and squared-off at R. de la Palmas.

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