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1. ADAMS, John Quincy. Speech of...Relating to
the Annexation of Texas to This Union. Washington:
Gales and Seaton, 1838. 131 pp. 8vo, full modern blue
morocco, gilt-lettered spine with raised bands. A few small
stains on title, else fine.
First edition of the most famous speech on the Texas question and the slavery issue. Raines, p. 3. Streeter 1305: "This speech against annexation...was followed by defeat in the House of a resolution in favor of 'reannexing Texas,' whenever that could be done 'consistently with the public faith and treaty stipulations of the United States.'"
EARLY HOUSTON IMPRINT
SIGNED BY THE FOUNDER OF HOUSTON
2. ALLEN, John K. Printed certificate with
typographical ornamentation, completed in manuscript:
Consolidated Fund of Texas. No. ...One
Thousand Dollars.... Houston, September 1, 1837. Made
out to John K. Allen, signed by Allen on verso; also signed
by Francis R. Lubbock and William G. Cooke as stock
commissioners. Small chip at lower left corner (affecting a
small segment of the border) and a few minor voids (mainly
due to ink corrosion from Allen's signature).
This stock certificate was printed by Gail Borden at his Telegraph and Texas Register Press. This handsome little imprint is one of the first items printed in Houston, which had been founded earlier that year by John K. Allen and his brother, who were responsible for making Houston the capital of the Republic of Texas. The certificate is also signed by Francis R. Lubbock, the future Confederate governor of Texas, who was then district clerk of Harris County.
3. [ANGEL, Myron (editor)]. History of Nevada,
with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Its
Prominent Men and Pioneers. Oakland: Thompson &
West, 1881. xiv  18-680 pp.; 25 steel engraved portraits
by A. H. Ritchie, Samuel Sartain, and H. B. Hall &
Sons; 87 lithographic plates (some double page) of
architecture, mining, manufacturers, residences and
ranches, portraits, and a plan and system of timbering,
primarily by the firm of Britton & Rey, with a few by
G. T. Brown and C. L. Smith; 77 woodcut portraits from
photographs; tables and charts. 4to, modern half black calf
over dark green buckram with gilt lettering, a.e.g. Fine,
First edition. AII (Nevada) 514. America on Stone, p. 110 (article on Britton & Rey). Graff 64. Hart, p. 52: "The firm of [Britton & Rey] in San Francisco (1852-92), the oldest west of the Rocky Mts., also engaged in printing, engraving, and decoration on tin. The senior partner, Joseph Britton (1820-1901), was a Yorkshireman who went to California in 1849. His brother-in-law, Jacques Joseph Rey (1820-92), an Alsatian, joined him in other businesses." Howes A273: "Exhaustive work on this state and its fifteen counties." Paher 27: "Commonly known as 'Thompson & West,' this classic work is the most used and quoted history of any ever issued on the state. It is likely to remain forever the all time Nevada book, for nothing issued since compares to its exhaustive coverage.... In 1881 it was acclaimed the finest of any state history yet published.... In general, 'Thompson & West' is poorly organized and is written in the style of a newspaperman-briefly, blunt, and often unscholarly. But there is very little worth knowing about Nevada before 1881 that cannot be found in this first statewide Nevada history." See Peters's long article (California on Stone, pp. 62-89 & Plate 1) in which he refers to Britton & Rey as "the Currier & Ives of the West." The many fine portraits constitute a mug book. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.
4. ARCHER, Branch T. Autograph letter, signed,
addressed to Nathaniel H. Watrous, dated at War Department,
City of Austin, April 4, 1840. 3 pp., 4to. Fine.
Secretary of War Archer orders Watrous to Washington, D.C., to confer with Wm. Henry Dangerfield and to serve as commissary of purchases for the Republic of Texas. Among his instructions is the order to purchase "five hundred kegs of powder, as advantageously as possible," along with specifics on insurance and shipping. Archer encloses a draft on the Merchants Bank at New Orleans for $5,000. A fine letter with good military detail. Archer, Texas Revolutionary leader and legislator, assisted in financing the Texas Revolution.
5. ARCHER, Branch T. Autograph letter, signed, to
Col. J. W. Fannin, dated at Velasco, August 20, 1835. 1 p.,
12mo. Cosigned by Wm. T. Austin as secretary of the
committee. Light waterstaining at center where formerly
A superb letter documenting the gathering of forces and garnering of support for Texian Independence. Archer, as chairman of the Committee of Safety and Correspondence, appoints Fannin as a confidential agent to "proceed to San Felipe and use your utmost exertions to persuade Wyly Martin and all other persons with whom you may have influence to co-operate with us in the call of a consultation of all Texas, through her representatives."
6. ARIZONA. GOVERNOR (Louis C. Hughes). Arizona
Biennial Message of Louis C. Hughes, Governor of Arizona.
To the Eighteenth Legislative Assembly of the Territory of
Arizona. January 23, 1895. Phoenix, 1895. 24 [2, index]
x pp. 8vo, original printed wrappers. Fine.
First edition. Very scarce report on affairs in Arizona Territory in 1895, including education of Native Americans (proposes establishment of industrial schools), stockraising (setting out the importance of the industry and calling for establishment of a livestock sanitary commission), Railroad Commission, irrigation, mining, gambling, "the liquor trade," woman suffrage (recommending giving Arizona women the right to elective franchise), etc. At the end is a list of pardons granted. Hughes, a Democrat, was governor of Arizona from 1893 to 1896, when his administration was cut short because of the liberal views that he expressed here. He was an abolitionist, a union man, pro-labor, and a reformer ahead of his time, always promoting the causes of prohibition, woman suffrage, Arizona statehood, fair wages, etc. He was one of the territorial governors who helped reform Arizona and prepare it for statehood.
THE GRAND SWEEPSTAKES OF TEXAS
48,000,000 ACRES IN TEXAS, NEW MEXICO, KANSAS, OKLAHOMA & COLORADO
7. ARKANSAS AND TEXAS LAND COMPANY. Small folio
engraved form printed on thin paper, completed in
manuscript, of certificate of ownership of land in the
Company's grants, the boundaries of which are described,
commencing: Arkansas and Texas Land Company. No.
[__] This Certifies, that [John Enrico] of
[New York] is Entitled to the Right and Benefit of
Four Sitios of Land, More or Less, Being Four Fifty-Sixth
Hundredth Parts of One-half of Two Grants of Land, Situate
in Texas.... New York, April 27, 1831. Signed at end by
trustees T. L. Ogden, Daniel Jackson, Edward Curtis, and
James S. Huggins. Manuscript endorsement signed by
empresario John Charles Beales on verso. Lower and right
margin chipped (not affecting any printing, but with loss
of a word or two of endorsement on verso), otherwise fine
and handsome-a great exhibit item.
First printing of a rare and superb imprint relating to the most dramatic of the grand speculation schemes of Texas empresario contracts, signed by the empresario. Streeter 1118 (locating only the Streeter copy, now at Yale): "This certificate instead of stating it gives the holder the right to locate, as in the Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company certificate of October 16, 1830...makes a more unqualified statement of ownership." This certificate relates to the empresario contract of British surgeon and speculator John Charles Beales (see Streeter 1119 and The Handbook of Texas Online: John Charles Beales). Beales secured his interest in this incredible grant by his timely 1830 marriage to María Dolores Soto y Saldaña, the widow of Richard Exter, an English merchant and Texas land speculator. Beales's two empresario grants were located in the Texas Panhandle and beyond; these grants are known variously as the Wilson and Exeter grants, the Arkansas and Texas Land Company, the Twenty-League Boundary Grants, the New Arkansas and Texas Land Company, the Colorado and Red River Land Company, and the Rio Grande and Texas Land Company. The bounds of the first grant made to Wilson on May 27, 1826, encompassed some 48,000,000 acres of land in Texas and four other states (Oklahoma, New Mexico, Kansas, and Colorado). In Texas, all of the Panhandle west of the 102d meridian was included, and the second grant extended the east and west boundaries of the first grant north to the Arkansas River.
AUSTIN PLEADS FOR SUPPORT OF THE TEXIAN CAUSE IN LEXINGTON ONLY DAYS BEFORE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
8. AUSTIN, Stephen F. An Address Delivered by
S. F. Austin of Texas, to a Very Large Audience of Ladies
and Gentlemen in the Second Presbyterian Church,
Louisville, Kentucky, on the 7th of March, 1836.
Lexington: J. Clarke & Co. Printers, 1836. 30 pp. 16mo,
later full speckled smooth calf, gilt-ruled, inner gilt
dentelles (by Sangorski & Sutcliffe). Other than very
mild age-toning, an exceptionally fine copy.
First edition. Graff 13. Streeter 1181 (locates ten copies, but only two in Texas): "This Louisville address of Austin, delivered while on his way to Washington as one of the three commissioners of Texas, says that Texas had foreborne from taking up arms against Mexico until 'further submission on our part would have been both ruinous and degrading,' and that the object of Texas was 'freedom' to be obtained by becoming 'a new republic or by becoming a State of the United States.' Austin gives in full the declaration of November 7th, 1835, upholding the Federal system of government as outlined in the constitution of 1824, not knowing that Texas had proclaimed her Declaration of Independence only a few days before." Vandale 6.
9. AUSTIN, Stephen F. The Austin Papers. Edited
by Eugene C. Barker. [Vols. 1-3]: Washington:
Government Printing Office (Annual Report of the
American Historical Association..., 2:1-2 & 2:2),
1924, 1924, 1928; [vol. 4]: Austin: University of Texas,
. vii, 1008 +  1009-1824 + vii, 1184 + xxxv, 494
pp. 4 vols., complete, 8vo, original blue cloth. Fine set,
with the rare fourth volume that is usually lacking.
First edition. Basic Texas Books 4: "An essential source on the beginning of Anglo-American Texas." Tate, The Indians of Texas 1971: "Contains many scattered references to Texas Indians, especially concerning depredations and new groups emigrating to Texas from the southern U.S." This is a difficult set to obtain complete because of the long period of publication. The final volume, published by the University of Texas, is particularly scarce. Included with this set is a copy of Michael R. Green's Calendar of the Papers of Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (Austin, 1982).
STEPHEN F. AUSTIN PROMISES TO PAY FATHER MULDOON FOR HELPING SECURE HIS FREEDOM FROM MEXICO
10. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Autograph manuscript,
signed "Estevan F. Austin" and with his rubric, relating to
monies received from Father Muldoon, also signed by Father
Miguel Muldoon, William S. Parrott, J. W. Zacharias, and
Timothy Pillsbury. Tacubaya, Mexico, June 17, 1835. 2 pp.,
4to. A few small voids to inking as a result of corrosion
of iron in ink, overall very fine. This is one of the most
beautiful and important documents written by Stephen F.
Austin. As an artifact alone, this manuscript has high
aesthetic appeal, being entirely in Austin's hand, the body
of the document in block calligraphic lettering, and signed
in full by Austin and with his rubric.
An exceptionally fine and important document written by Stephen F. Austin when he was still being held on parole in Mexico City. Austin executed this instrument only about five days before securing his liberty from Mexican authorities. Following the Convention of 1833, Austin traveled to Mexico, arriving in July. Using his contacts and influence with Mexican officials, Austin urged reform in Texas, including repeal of the infamous Law of April 6, 1830. During his return trip to Texas, authorities in Saltillo arrested Austin, and he was returned to Mexico City and imprisoned in the old Inquisition prison, solitary and incommunicado. No charges were made against him, no court would accept jurisdiction of his case, and he remained a prisoner, shifting from prison to prison, until December 1834, when he was released on bond and limited to the area of the Federal District. Austin was finally freed by a general amnesty law passed in Mexico in July 1835, and at the end of August he returned to Texas by way of New Orleans.
In this document Austin acknowledges the receipt of 3,500 pesos in gold from Father Muldoon, priest of Palacio of Mexico, with a bill of exchange of 300 pesos accepted by William Wharton, and promissory note with interest of two percent per month, from the first day of the year. Following Austin's signature is a signed acknowledgement by Muldoon of monies from William Parrott (April 12, 1835), and another signed acknowledgement by Parrott authorizing payment to the banking firm of J. W. Zacharias & Co. On the verso are two additional autograph endorsements from 1839, the first by Zacharias with a calculation of payment owed of 8,299 pesos ("Pay to the order of T. Pilsbury") and the second by Pilsbury acknowledging that he received same from James Perry (Perry, Austin's brother-in-law, managed Austin's financial affairs while Austin was in Mexico).
The connection between Austin and Father Muldoon is fascinating and important (see The Handbook of Texas Online: Michael Muldoon). Muldoon, a native of Ireland, was the only priest appointed to serve non-Hispanic Texas settlers. During Muldoon's tenure in Texas between April 1831 and August 1832, Austin realized that Muldoon's political connections in Mexico might be useful, and Muldoon seemed sympathetic to the Texans squirming under Mexican rule. At one point Muldoon offered to intervene to secure the freedom of the Texas prisoners held by Bradburn at Anahuac. Muldoon also published a broadside defending the conduct of the Texans. Muldoon was the only visitor allowed to see Austin during his three months of confinement in prison, and it was Muldoon who secured a bondsman for Austin. When the bond offer was rejected by the government, Muldoon continued to work on behalf of Austin by visiting President Santa Anna. Muldoon's connections with Texas continued after Independence, including his assisting William H. Wharton to escape from a Matamoros prison in 1837 . For his pro-Texan views, Muldoon was later imprisoned by Mexican authorities. By 1842 Muldoon was again in Texas, where he received from Secretary of State Anson Jones a letter recognizing his service to the Republic.
AUSTIN ORDERS CATTLE BARON BRIT BAILEY TO LEAVE THE COLONY
11. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Autograph letter, signed
and with rubric, to James Britton Bailey. Brazos River,
October 3, 1823. 1 p., 8vo. Professionally restored,
deacidified, neatly repaired at folds, lower right blank
corner supplied in sympathetic paper facsimile (no writing
affected). Ink somewhat faint. Under glass, matted, gilt
frame. Present are two letters of provenance from the
1930s, one on letterhead of W. M. Caldwell, Attorney,
Houston, Texas, discussing the letter (including the
conjecture that Bailey was a member of pirate Laffite's
crew), and a letter to Caldwell from Mrs. Leita Small,
Alamo custodian, returning the Austin letter to Caldwell
and mentioning that it had been on exhibit at the Alamo for
some fifteen or sixteen years.
This letter is one of the earliest letters written by Stephen F. Austin from Texas. The letter documents the shift in authority from the Spanish-Mexican period to Austin's dominance as premier empresario of a rapidly evolving Anglo Texas. Austin, asserting powers under his empresario grant, writes to Bailey denying him admission to the Austin Colony and ordering him to remove his family and property. James Britton "Brit" Bailey (1779-1832) "one of Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists...apparently lived in Kentucky for a number of years and reportedly served in the legislature of that state; however, he acquired a controversial reputation and may have been prosecuted for the crime of forgery before he left the state" (The Handbook of Texas Online: James Britton Bailey). One of the most colorful and hardy of the first Anglo settlers in Texas, Bailey continuously wheeled and dealed to amass early, vast land holdings. Before he died, his estate covered a large portion of what is now Southeast Texas. Bailey was also one of the first Texas "cattle barons," rounding up one of the great herds of longhorn cattle in the coastal region. Bailey's will included the unusual request that he be buried standing up, facing west (and, according to legend, with a cocked rifle in his hands and a jug of whiskey at his feet).
AUSTIN DEFENDS TEXAS AND ITS PLEA
ON STREETER'S TOP TEN LIST
12. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Esposición al
publico sobre los asuntos de Tejas. Mexico: Cornelio C.
Sebring, 1835. 32 pp. 12mo, modern decorative wrappers,
fresh endpapers. Very fine, preserved in a red leather
clamshell box with gilt lettering and decoration.
First edition. Eberstadt, Texas 162:40: "It was in this document that the people of Texas demanded a separate existence." Fifty Texas Rarities 11: "Austin had gone to Mexico City somewhat reluctantly to argue for a measure of autonomy for Texas. He argued himself into jail (charged with disloyalty to the Mexican Government), where he spent his time composing this explanation of the attitude of Texans toward Mexico." Graff 116. Howes A403. Library of Congress, Texas, p. 8. Raines, p. 15. Streeter 817: "This Esposición was written shortly after Austin's release on bail from his long confinement at Mexico City and is dated at the end of its main text, Megico, Enero 18, de 1835. It is followed on page 26, by five numbered exhibits. These include an extract from the instructions to Austin of the Texas convention which had met in April, 1833, and a copy of Austin's letter of October 2, 1833, to the ayuntamiento of Bexar, the letter which led to his arrest at Saltillo on January 3, 1834, as he was returning to Texas. The Esposición, written in the third person, is primarily an able defense of the memorial adopted by the Convention of April, 1833, and an explanation of the letter of October 2, 1833, which had caused Austin's arrest. It is one of the important Texas documents.... Dr. Barker says that 450 copies were printed." Vandale 7. In the introduction to Part II of his bibliography on Texas, Streeter selects Austin's Esposición as one of "the top ten entries which might be selected for the treasure room of a Texas collection."
"A NOBLE APOLOGIA PRO VITA SUA BY A MAN WHO HAD SPENT HIMSELF FOR TEXAS"
13. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Letter from S. F. Austin
to G. Borden, Jr. [Text commences]: Mr. G. Borden
Jr.: Dear Sir,-I have just received your letter of the 15th
instant, informing me that great efforts are making to
circulate reports and slanders, for the purpose of injuring
me, at the election which is to be held on the first Monday
of next month [September 1836].... I feel but little
anxiety, of a personal character, whether I am elected or
not...[Signed at end]: Respectfully, your fellow
citizen, S. F. Austin. Columbia: Printed at the Office
of the "Telegraph," . Folio broadside printed in two
columns. Some light creasing and mild soiling, margins
trimmed close (no losses).
First printing of a rare Republic of Texas printed broadside, with excellent content. Streeter 113 (3 copies: NC [So. Hist. Coll.], TxU, & TWS): "The tragedy of Austin's career was that many Texans believed the charge spread by his enemies that he had shared in the gigantic land speculations engineered early in 1835 by his close associate Samuel M. Williams. Borden's letter had said that even some of Austin's 'old devoted friends' wanted assurance that 'he had no hand in the big land purchase.' Austin's letter is a noble apologia pro vita sua by a man who had spent himself for Texas and cared little whether or not he was elected. It had little effect and Houston was elected president of Texas by a great majority."
EARLY TEXAS IMPRINT-COLONIZATION CERTIFICATE SIGNED BY STEPHEN F. AUSTIN
14. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Printed certificate
completed in manuscript, commencing: No.  El
Ciudadano Estevan F. Austin, Empresario, para introducir
emigrados estrangeros, en las colonias que le tiene
designadas el Supremo Gobierno del Estado de Coahuila y
Texas, por los contratos celebrados entre el dicho Gobierno
y el mismo Austin; al efecto: Certificado, que [Anne
White] es uno de los colonos...Villa de Austin,
 de [Octubre] de 18. [San Felipe de
Austin: G. B. Cotten, 1829]. Small broadside measuring 23.6
x 18 cm (9-3/4 x 7-1/8 inches). Signed by Austin ("Estevan
F. Austin" with rubric). Deposition and notes in ink on
verso including statement signed by James N. Smith swearing
that he and Jonathan Scott "know Estevan F. Austin to be
dead, and they further swear that they are acquainted with
his hand writing, and that the[y] believe the written
signature to be his signed writing." The writing indicating
the number and grantee are in the hand of Samuel May
Williams, Austin's secretary. Lightly creased and browned,
ink writing on verso with some bleed-through.
First printing of a very rare pre-Republic Texas imprint. This imprint would be desirable in any example, but this one is especially choice for three reasons: (1) It is actually signed by Stephen F. Austin (sometimes these certificates bear Austin's secretarial signature by his right-hand man, Samuel May Williams); (2) On the verso is a contemporary authentication of Austin's signature by Samuel May Williams; (3) The certificate is made out to an Old Three Hundred who is a female (we have far too little documentation on early Texas from the distaff quarter!).
Eberstadt, Texas 162:39: "This document represents one of the four essential steps used in the colonization process, being the empresario's certificate, stating that the immigrant had been admitted as a member of Austin's Colony. It was to be presented by him to the commissioner charged with issuing land titles in the Colony." Streeter 9: "These grants were the foundation of the colonization of Texas." The present certificate admits Anne White, a widow, as one of Austin's colonists. This is among the earliest obtainable Texas imprints: Of the prior eight imprints, three are not located in any copy; three are known only by one copy; another is known by two copies; four copies of Streeter 7, a questioned imprint, are located (see Item 324 herein).
COASTAL COLONY GRANTSIGNED BY
STEPHEN F. AUSTIN
ANOTHER EARLY TEXAS IMPRINT-STREETER 14
14A. AUSTIN, Stephen F. Printed land deed
completed in manuscript. COAHUILA Y TEJAS (Mexican State).
COMISIONADO PARA EL REPARTIMIENTO Y POSESION DE TIERRAS Y
ESPEDICION DE TITULOS. Sello segundo: Doce reales.
Habilitado por el estado de Coahuila y Texas para el bieno
de 1828 y 29. [Text commences]: Estevan F. Austin,
Empresario para establecer Tres Cientas Familias sobre las
diez leguas litorales en la Costa del Seno Mexicano, entre
los Rios la Baca y San Jacinto; y comisionado especial del
Supremo Gobierno del Estado de Coahuila y Tejas para el
repartimiento y posesion de tierras, y expedicion de
titulos a los nuevos Colonos dentro de los limites de la
propria empresa. Por quanto se ha recibo [George
House].... Villa de San Felipe de Austin, November
22, 1831. 4-page small folio folder, printed on pp. 
& . Signed in full and with rubric by Stephen F.
Austin on p. 2. Form completed in the handwriting of
Austin's right-hand man, Samuel May Williams, who has
signed the document twice as a witness (with his surname
only on the first page and in full on the second page).
Also witnessed by C. C. Givens and further attested in 1838
with regard to the authenticity of the original land title
form and the signature of Austin. Creased where formerly
folded, some light chipping and staining. Good, strong, and
large signature of Austin. Ink docket notes on verso. A
most desirable and rare imprint, signed by the Father of
Texas, and relating to the coastal colony.
First printing. Streeter 14 (locating only one copy). This document is an original land grant in Austin's coastal colony, signed by Austin as both empresario and commissioner. See Streeter 13 for an earlier version of this form used when Padilla was commissioner. The execution of this deed was one of the four steps required for an immigrant to obtain land in Austin's Colony. The present document was the second of the two required copies, the original being filed in the Land Office and the second copy retained by the grantee. Streeter discusses the rarity of the certified copies, like the present one, in his entry 13: "Deeds [were] printed for the use of Austin as commissioner for his coastal colony.... The deeds for Austin were probably printed early in 1830 as one of the originals is filled out for March 3, 1830.... There are copies of the originals of Austin's deeds for his coastal colony in [the] General Land Office.... Only one of the certified copies of these deeds has been located. That is at the University of Texas and was dated October 29, 1830, and certified November 12, 1830.... In all of the deeds one of the stipulations reads (in translation): He [the grantee] is hereby admonished that within one year he must construct permanent markers on each corner of the land, and he must settle it and cultivate it in conformity with the provisions of the law."
AMONG THE FIRST TEN ITEMS PRINTED IN TEXAS
15. AUSTIN, Stephen F. [Printed form for
promissory note completed in manuscript commencing]:
$50.00 San Felipe de Austin, [13 May 1830] Having
been Received by S. F. Austin, as One of the Settlers under
His Contracts with Government, in Conformity with the Terms
Published by Him, 20th November, 1829:-I Promise to Pay to
Said S. F. Austin.... [San Felipe de Austin: G. B.
Cotten, 1829]. 1 p., oblong 16mo. Signed by Jesse Leftwich.
Light soiling and browning and a bit of minor marginal
chipping. Matted, under glass, wooden frame.
First printing of another early Texas imprint, the tenth item recorded by Streeter as having been printed in Texas. Streeter 10 (locating three copies: two in Texas and one at Yale): "Delivery of this promissory note was the fourth of the steps...taken by an immigrant in acquiring land in Texas. This form for a promissory note follows the terms outlined in Austin's Notice of November 20, 1829.... Austin, after having had Cotten print for him on November 20 the Notice and the certificates of admission, had these forms for a promissory note printed on November 30." Jesse Leftwich was the brother of Robert Leftwich, whose grant to settle colonists in Texas later became known as Robertson's Colony. See The Handbook of Texas Online (Robert Leftwich).
PRINTED BY TEXAS' FIRST PRINTER
16. BANGS, Samuel (printer). American Flag.
One issue (vol. I, no. 73). Matamoros: [Samuel Bangs],
February 6, 1847. 4 pp., folio, printed in 4 columns. Two
very small holes (loss of a letter or two), else fine.
This tri-weekly newspaper was published during the Mexican-American War and printed by Texas's first printer, Samuel Bangs. The American Flag was an outgrowth of another newspaper, the Republic of Rio Grande, owned by J. N. Fleeson and Hugh McLeod (see Item 230 herein). Jenkins, Printer in Three Republics 463. Spell 359: "Early in 1847 [Bangs] moved the Flag to Captain Smith's building.... Business flourished until the seventy-sixth number was issued on February 17; then no more paper was to be had. After waiting several weeks with publication suspended and earnings cut off, Bangs returned to Corpus Christi." Included in this issue is Bangs's ad for his printing office: JOB PRINTING. The Subscriber is prepared to execute at short notice all kinds of JOB PRINTING, with neatness and on reasonable terms-such as posters, steamboat bills, manifests, blanks of all kinds, Sutlers' receipts, cards, [all sizes], &c, at the office of the "American Flag," Abasolo Street. Matamoros, Jan. 9, '46. SAMUEL BANGS.
Samuel Bangs was the first printer in Texas and three Mexican states, and the first printer west of the Louisiana Purchase. This issue of the American Flag contains notices of the Mexican-American War, with material on Ben McCulloch, occurrences in Matamoros, etc.
A ROSETTA STONE FOR SAMUEL BANGS
17. BANGS, Samuel (printer). Printed indenture
completed in manuscript, commencing: Republic of Texas,
County of Galveston. This indenture, made and entered into
this [Fifteenth] day of [March] in the year
one thousand eight hundred forty [three] between
[James Love, Levi Jones, and Samuel M. Williams] the
Board of Directors of the Galveston City Company of the one
part, and [Ann Darragh].... [Galveston]: Printed
by S. Bangs, [ca. 1840]. Signed by Samuel May Williams,
James Love, Levi Jones, et al. 1 p., folio. Some marginal
chipping and short tears, docketing notes on verso.
Very rare, unrecorded imprint created by Samuel Bangs, the first printer in Texas and three Mexican states, and the first printer west of the Louisiana Purchase. Not recorded by Spell. Jenkins, Printer in Three Republics 442: "This unique imprint serves as a sort of Rosetta Stone for identifying Bangs's imprints during this period. There are no fewer than 28 different type fonts utilized in the text, indicating the fine variety of types in the Bangs shop. The document conveys lots in Galveston sold at auction by the Galveston City Company."
18. BARBEY, Th[eodore]. Autograph letter, signed,
to the secretary of state of the Republic of Texas, dated
at Paris, France, July 15, 1841. 4 pp., 4to, with printed
heading at top: Consulat du Texas a Paris. Small
splits where folded, small stains on left margin, else
This letter is a rare form of documentation on the Republic of Texas and its attempts to establish financial, trade, and other links with other countries during its brief years as an independent Republic. Theodore Barbey worked with Henri Castro and Pierre Brunet to establish a Texian consulate in Paris in 1840 (see The Handbook of Texas Online: Consular Service of the Republic of Texas). Barbey writes that he has received his commission as consul for Texas in Paris and requests "a copy of the Laws of Texas, a Commercial or Customs Tariff, an Ensign or Flag, & a geographical map of the country." He also requests instructions concerning immigration and offers some of his views, "for unless I can convince these people that it would be more advantageous for them to proceed to Texas than to the United States, they will always continue to take the Direction of the United States which is known to them."
19. BARTLETT-FLORENCE RAILWAY COMPANY. Ornate
engraved first mortgage twenty year, 5%, $500 Gold Bond No.
117 for the B-F Railway Company, signed by the company
secretary and president, October 9, 1909, and by the Texas
secretary of state on April 2, 1910, with seal of the State
of Texas. Engraved vignette of locomotive engine No. 123,
with "B. Fry" on coal car. Printed in black and green, with
embossed corporate seal. Registered to W. E. Cox, May 25,
1910. Forty $12.50 interest coupons are annexed to the
bond. 6 pp., folio. Very fine.
"This bond is one of a series of bonds not exceeding 500 in number, known as First Mortgage Five Per Cent Gold Bonds of the Railway Company, all of like tenor, date and amount; numbered from one consecutively upwards and issued under and equally secured by a Mortgage Deed of Trust dated the ninth day of October, 1909, executed and delivered by the Railway Company to the Dallas Trust & Savings Bank as Trustee." Principal is due November 1, 1929. The Handbook of Texas Online (Bartlett-Florence Railway): "The Bartlett-Florence Railway Company was chartered on September 15, 1909 (one source says September 17, 1905), to build from Bartlett to Florence, a distance of twenty-three miles. The organizers hoped to profit from Williamson County cotton production. The road was initially capitalized at $25,000, and the business office was located at Bartlett.... The road was opened to traffic between Bartlett and Jarrell on February 1, 1910, and graded as far as Florence by early April. However, the Bartlett-Florence encountered financial problems, and was sold under foreclosure on May 29, 1911. A new company, Bartlett Western, was organized and completed the line to Florence in 1912." The town of Bartlett, on the border between Williamson and Bell Counties, prospered as the eastern terminus and main depot of the line and as a shipping point for cotton, grain, livestock, and produce. With the decline of the cotton industry in the 1920s and 1930s, the Bartlett Western experienced financial difficulties and eventually closed in 1935.
1823 LETTER FROM BARON DE BASTROP TO THE POLITICAL CHIEF OF TEXAS REPORTING ON AFFAIRS IN TEXAS
20. BASTROP, [Felipe Enrique Neri], Baron de.
Autograph letter, signed, in Spanish, dated at San Felipe
de Austin, December 20, 1823, to Luciano García. 4
pp., small 8vo, in sepia ink. Edges chipped, leaves
browned, else very fine.
Letters written by Bastrop are rarely offered, and the present one has excellent content, being written to the political chief and governor of the province of Texas, Lt. Col. Don Luciano García, who in July 1823 had appointed Bastrop commissioner of colonization for the Austin Colony with authority to issue land titles. Bastrop writes (loose translation):
As your communication of 24 September did not come to hand until 10 November, I was unable to go to the Sabine River and from there to Pecan Point on the Red River of Natchitoches in order to personally inspect all the families that live in that area-the only way to give an exact accounting of them. If, however, it is agreeable to you, I shall do it in the spring. From all the reports I have been able to gather, there are two hundred families between the San Jacinto and Sabine rivers, most of them natives of the country and settled there for many years, and fifty at Pecan Point. Since the dividing line between this country and the United States has not been run, however, it is uncertain whether or not Pecan Point is part of this province. Few American families from the Mississippi Valley have introduced themselves in this province. The majority of those who have settled in this province formerly lived on lands that the United States ceded to the Choctaw Indians, who in my opinion might prove much more troublesome than the inhabitants from the Mississippi Valley, being in the majority people who subsist solely from the hunt. [Because of the illegibility of the bottom line, this is very tentative] A great many of them have slaves and are generally powerful.
land commissioner to the Austin Colony, Bastrop was the
governor's direct representative in the eastern part of the
province. Given the reports of an increasing number of
squatters crossing from Arkansas and Louisiana into Texas,
a situation which had officials in Nacogdoches very
worried, it is not surprising that García charged
Bastrop to investigate the situation for him. The Baron was
familiar to Anglo settlers and was sensitive to the ongoing
dispute between the U.S. and Mexico over the Texas border
(the boundary would not be firmly established until Gen.
Manuel de Mier y Terán's boundary commission and its
American counterpart surveyed the Sabine and eastern Red
River portions of the line in 1828). In fact, the Pecan
Point settlers eventually were determined to be on the
Mexican side and their situation was still unsettled at the
time of the Texas War of Independence. As for the Choctaws,
they were among various bands of the "Five Civilized
Tribes" that migrated into Texas in the last years of
Spanish rule and the first years of Mexican jurisdiction.
Although invited to settle in Texas and assured that they
would receive land titles, at Texas independence their
claims remained unresolved. Eventually, despite Sam
Houston's efforts to work out their claims, the Lamar
administration undertook a removal policy that led most of
them to abandon Texas for Indian Territory.
Felipe Enrique Neri, self-styled Baron de Bastrop, was born Philip Hendrik Nering Bögel in Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana, November 23, 1759, moved with his parents to Holland in 1764, and later as an adult served as collector general of taxes for the province of Friesland. In 1793 he was accused of embezzlement of tax funds. With a bounty on his head, he fled to Spanish Louisiana, where he adopted the title Baron de Bastrop, representing himself as a Dutch nobleman, and established a colony and engaged in several business ventures. The Handbook of Texas Online (Baron de Bastrop): "After Louisiana was sold to the United States in 1803, Bastrop moved to Spanish Texas and was permitted to establish a colony between Bexar and the Trinity River. In 1806 he settled in San Antonio, where he had a freighting business and gained influence with the inhabitants and officials. In 1810 he was appointed second alcalde in the ayuntamiento at Bexar. One of his most significant contributions to Texas was his intercession with Governor Antonio María Martínez on behalf of Moses Austin in 1820. Because of Bastrop, Martínez reconsidered and approved Austin's project to establish an Anglo-American colony in Texas. After [Moses] Austin's death, Bastrop served as intermediary with the Mexican government for Stephen F. Austin, who would have encountered many more obstacles but for Bastrop's assistance and advice.... On September 24, 1823, the settlers elected Bastrop to the provincial deputation at Bexar, which in turn chose him as representative to the legislature of the new state of Coahuila and Texas in May 1824." See also The Handbook of Texas Online (Luciano García).
21. BELL, Peter Hansborough. Engraved land grant
on vellum, completed in manuscript, to Thomas H. Jones, for
one third-league of land in Bexar County, on the north bank
of the main Elm fork of the Clear fork of the Brazos River,
about 137 miles above Fort Phantom Hill. Austin, Texas,
July 15, 1853, signed by Texas Governor Peter Hansborough
Bell. 1 p., 31 x 38 cm (12 x 15 inches), with the
blind-stamped seals of the State of Texas and the General
Land Office. Creased where folded, otherwise very fine.
Bell was elected governor of Texas in 1849 and again in 1851. A few months before the expiration of his second term in 1853 he resigned to fill the vacancy in the U.S. Congress caused by the death of David S. Kaufman.
22. BIBLE IN ALGONQUIN. NEW TESTAMENT
(Selections). [I Corinthians XXVI:1-24; II Corinthians
I:1-22]. [Cambridge, Massachusetts: S. Green, 1685]. 
pp. 12mo, matted. Age-toned. Fine. From the library of Carl
Hertzog, with his bookplate.
Single leaf from the second edition of John Eliot's Indian Bible, revised by the editor, with the assistance of John Cotton. John Eliot learned the difficult Algonquin tongue, translated the entire Bible into this unknown and unwritten language, overcoming many technical difficulties, and then taught the tribe to read their own language. Samuel Green, the printer, was aided greatly by James Printer, a Native American compositor and corrector of the press. The language is now extinct. The first edition (1663-1661) is an entry in Printing & the Mind of Man 142n: "[The Eliot Indian Bible] was not only the first Bible to be printed in the New World, but also the first complete Bible to be printed in a new language as a means of evangelization. As such it may be considered the forerunner of all the missionary translations. This translation into the Massachusetts dialect of the Algonkin family of languages, which was spoken by a large tribe, now extinct, who lived in Massachusetts in the seventeenth century, was the work of John Eliot (1604-90), the 'Apostle to the Indians.'"
23. [BIBLIOGRAPHY]. Lot of 6 titles, including:
(1) ADAMS, Ramon F. Six-Guns and Saddle Leather: A Bibliography of Books and Pamphlets on Western Outlaws and Gunmen. . New edition, revised and greatly enlarged. Fine in d.j.
(2) JENKINS, John H. Printer in Three Republics: A Bibliography of Samuel Bangs. Austin, 1981. Fine in cloth.
(3) MINTZ, Lannon W. The Trail: A Bibliography of the Travelers on the Overland Trail...during the Years 1841-1864. Albuquerque, 1987. Very fine in d.j.
(4) STREETER, Thomas W. Bibliography of Texas 1795-1845. Woodbridge, 1983. New in cloth. Second edition, revised and enlarged by Archibald Hanna.
Plus 2 others.
(Lot of 6 items)
24. [BINDING]. Half leather clamshell or portfolio
case. 23K gold stamping, maximum five lines. 8vo size, 9
inches maximum height. Raised bands if suitable. Donated to
the Texas State Historical Association by Handbridge
Bindery, Inc., Austin, Texas.
25. BINKLEY, William C. The Expansionist
Movement in Texas 1836-1850. Berkeley: University of
California Press, 1925. x, 253 pp., maps. 8vo, original
printed wrappers. Wrappers browned, worn, and repaired,
hinges splitting, else fine. Josey card tipped in.
First edition. Basic Texas Books 16: "The most comprehensive account of Republic of Texas imperialism and the eventual setting of the western borders of the state." Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.
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