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Auction 11, Cartography

Items 226-250

226. MORFI, Juan A. Excerpts from the Memorias for the History of the Province of Texas.... San Antonio: Privately Printed, 1932. xxii, 85 [2] pp., plates (some photogravures), maps. 4to, original dark brown cloth. Fine copy of a handsome production.
        First edition (first printing of any part of Morfi's manuscript memoirs), limited edition (no limitation notice in this copy). Basic Texas Books 145A: "Limited to 200 copies, but actually 400 printed...some copies have no limitation notice.... This is the best contemporary eighteenth-century history of Texas.... Throughout the work are invaluable insights into the life in the missions, villages, and presidios, as well as on the Indian tribes." Howes M792. Tate, The Indians of Texas 1813: "Focuses only upon those sections relevant to Texas Indians. Editorial notes help explain some passages." Morfi, who is often referred to as Texas's first historian, accompanied Croix's 1777 inspection tour of the Provincias Internas from Mexico City to Texas.




227. [MORRIS, William Walton]. Considerations on the Propriety and Necessity of Annexing the Province of Texas to the United States. By a Revolutionary Officer. New York: Printed and Sold by G. F. Hopkins & Son, 1829. 40 pp., disbound. Some foxing and light soiling. "No. 5" inked at top of title. Preserved in a half tan morocco folding box.
        First edition. Eberstadt, Texas 162:563. Raines, p. 202. Streeter 1109 (locates six copies, two in Texas): "This seems to be the first pamphlet advocating the annexation of Texas published since it was assigned to Spain under the 1819 treaty. Morris paints Texas in glowing colors and is most critical of the treaty. It appears that [Morris] had written Austin on July 21, 1830...that he knew of Texas only from various visitors, and especially visitors to the Austin Colony, and that he was anxious to settle his eldest son, Lewis, there. Morris as a young man was a lieutenant in the revolutionary army. Austin did not know of this letter when on September 25, 1830, he wrote Thomas F. Leaming of Philadelphia complaining that his friendly relations with leading Mexicans had been jeopardized by 'a silly set of scribblers in the United States,' and added, 'The pamphlet by a revolutionary officer did us great harm.'"


228. NEW ARKANSAS AND TEXAS LAND COMPANY. Engraved land certificate completed in manuscript, commencing: New Arkansas and Texas Land Company. No. [1622] 3615 English Acres. This Certifies, That [Sylvester Davis] is entitled to one Share...estimated as equal to 4017-6/7 that certain Tract of Land situate in Texas.... New York, April 29, 1833. 1 p., folio. Very fine, signed by grantee Sylvester Davis and trustees T. L. Ogden, D. Jackson, E. Curtis, and clerk James S. Huggins.
        First edition. Streeter 1138.1 (new entry in the revised Streeter). This handsomely engraved certificate documents the first empresario grant of John Charles Beales, the undisputed land king of the Republic of Texas, whose grant comprised 45,000,000 acres embracing eastern New Mexico and western Texas. See The Handbook of Texas Online (John Charles Beales).




229. NEWELL, C[hester]. History of the Revolution in Texas, Particularly of the War of 1835 & '36.... New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1838. xii, 215 pp., lithographic folding map of Texas. 12mo, original blind-stamped blue cloth. Light outer wear, occasional mild foxing. Ink stamp of Union Theological Seminary Library of New York City on front free endpaper, label affixed to front pastedown, nineteenth-century ink signature on front free endpaper. Map in excellent condition.
        First edition, with the dedication leaf appearing on page [iv] and the map dated 1838, points that Streeter recognizes without establishing any priority of issue. Basic Texas Books 151A: "The work begins with an excellent summary of Mexican history from 1821 to 1835, followed by a sketch of Texas history from 1832 to 1835, ending with Cos' retreat from San Antonio. The events of 1836 are described, including quotations from participating Texans and from...Mexican accounts, such as Almonte's diary.... Of particular value are the account of Santa Anna's capture [and his] confrontation with Houston shortly afterwards. Newell was one of the first to seduce Sam Houston into giving particulars of the campaign." Clark, Old South III:215: "Useful...divided almost equally between history and description. This is one of the best, as well as one of the earliest, works published about Texas while it was a republic." Graff 3010. Howes N115. Rader 2479. Raines, p. 154: "One of the rare and reliable books on Texas." Streeter 1318.


230. [NEWSPAPER]. Republic of Rio Grande and Friends of the People. One issue (vol. I, no. 7). Matamoros, June 27, 1846. 4 pp., folio, printed in three columns, English and Spanish. Blank margins with a few tiny chips and short tears.
        This newspaper was created to supply news to the large assemblage of U.S. troops at the border during the Mexican-American War. The paper was owned and published by J. N. Fleeson and Hugh McLeod. Samuel Bangs published a newspaper (The Matamoros Reveille) in Matamoros in 1846, and when he closed down his printing office, Fleeson and McLeod bought his presses, changed the name of the paper to The American Star, and hired Bangs as printer. Bangs is mentioned in this issue, with notice of establishment of his own newspaper. This issue is filled with fresh news from the theatre of war, including a poem entitled "Resaca de la Palma."


231. [NEWSPAPER]. Lot of 9 issues of Texas Confederate newspapers:

The Galveston Tri-Weekly News. 5 issues. Vol. XXII (nos. 90, 100, 102, 113), vol. XXIII (no. 46). Houston: W. Richardson, February 12, February 26, March 2, March 27, and October 19, 1864. Crandall 5280.

The Houston Daily Telegraph. 4 issues. Vol. XXIX (no. 160), vol. XXX (nos. 4, 71, 72). Houston: E. H. Cushing, March 2, March 28, June 15, and June 16, 1864. Crandall 5129.

(Lot of 9 issues)


232. NORTH, Thomas. Five Years in Texas; or, What You Did not Hear during the War from January 1861 to January 1866. A Narrative of His Travels, Experiences, and Observations, in Texas and Mexico. Cincinnati: Elm Street Printing Co., 1871. 231 pp. 12mo, original dark brown cloth, cover blind-embossed, spine gilt-lettered. Corners lightly bumped, else fine.
        Second edition (the first edition came out the previous year; there are a few minor changes to this reissue). Coulter, Travels in the Confederate States 346: "This account of Texas during the Civil War, by a Northern merchant turned preacher to evade the Confederate draft law, is written in a friendly spirit but contains some sharp criticism and incisive observations on the manners and customs of Texans. [He] embarked for Galveston on a ship of the Morgan Line, went into Texas to Houston, and established himself as a merchant at Brenham. Driven out by violence near the end of the war, he went to Matamoros, Mexico, until Lee's surrender when he embarked with his family for New Orleans, returned to Galveston...and finally left Texas." Howes N193. Nevins, CWB I:138. Parrish, Civil War Texana 67. Rader 2490. Raines, p. 158. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.


233. NUEVO LEON (Mexican State). GOBERNADOR (Joaquín García). El C. Joaquin Garcia, Gobernador del Departamento de Nuevo Leon, a sus conciudadanos. [Monterrey, March 17, 1839]. Folio broadside. Fine.
        Streeter 946 (locating only his own copy, now at Yale): "Deplores an entry by Lemus and his followers into the Department earlier in the month in support of a minor uprising, and asks support of the government forces under Pedro Ampudia." Governor García castigates the federalist uprisings in northern Mexico precipitated by the perfidious Texans. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.


234. [NUÑEZ, Israel P.]. Photographic portrait of Major Israel P. Nuñez, founder of Stonewall, Texas. 50 x 40 cm (19-3/4 x 15-3/4 inches). A bit browned but very good in worn wooden frame.
        Nuñez established a stage station near the Pedernales River, thirteen miles from Fredericksburg, in 1870, and a post office in 1875. In 1879 he moved the stage station and post office to a nearby settlement called Millville and in 1882 changed the town's name to "Stonewall" after Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson. (See The Handbook of Texas Online: Stonewall, Texas).


234A. NUNN, Ancel E[dward]. 201 M. C. & S. A. Watercolor painting of antique locomotive and tender, identified "201 M.C. & S. A." (the Moscow, Camden and San Augustine Railroad Company). N.d. Painting measures 54 x 75 cm (21-1/4 x 29-1/2 inches). Matted, under glass, wooden frame. Signed by Nunn. Very fine.
        Texas artist and illustrator Ancel Edward Nunn (1928-99) portrayed the symbolic nature of life and death in his art. In this realistic painting, done in a palette of burnt sienna, black, blue, and white, the old engine rusts in a wintry field of dried grasses and brush. The railroad company was chartered on May 18, 1898, to connect Moscow in Polk County with San Augustine fifty miles to the east. In the late 1950s, "a ride on the railroad's mixed freight and passenger train became somewhat of a tourist attraction. The railroad was also the last common carrier in Texas to use steam locomotives in regular service, but after 1965 only diesel engines were in use. Passenger revenues peaked in the early 1970s.... However, passenger service was discontinued in July 1973 due to the age of the combine used to carry passengers, which dated from 1898" (The Handbook of Texas Online: Moscow, Camden and San Augustine Railroad).


235. NYSTEL, Ole T. Lost and Found; or, Three Months with the Wild Indians: A Brief Sketch of the Life of Ole T. Nystel, Embracing His Experience While in Captivity to the Comanches, and Subsequent Liberation from Them.... Dallas: Wilmans Bros. Book, Commercial and Art Printers, 1888. 26 pp., printed slip at front (certificate of authenticity). 8vo, original blue printed wrappers, stitched. Light wear to fragile wraps, otherwise very fine.
        First edition. Graff 3057. Howes N233. Tate, The Indians of Texas 2420. Not in Ayer. "Ole Nystel was captured by the Comanches in Bosque County in the spring of 1867 at the age of fourteen. For the first few weeks of his captivity he was subject to numerous indignities and abuses, but was finally accepted into the tribe after having displayed courage during a thunderstorm. After several attempts at escape, the Indians felt it best to be shed of him and traded him for $250 in goods at a post on the Arkansas River. Nystel made his way back home to Texas, indignant that Indians would be traded with in Kansas, only to return and maraud in Texas. The remainder of the narrative deals with the author's account of Indian customs and the large part providence played in his experiences"-Michael Heaston, Catalogue 25:317.


236. [OLD THREE HUNDRED]. Lot of 7 items:

(1) CHRIESMAN, Horatio. Manuscript receipt, signed, for $48 from Doctor John Y. Wallace for surveying a league of land. [Brazoria ?], April 9, 1835. 1 p., small oblong 8vo. Two pieces of tape at top edge, else very good. Chriesman was one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists, a colonial statesman and military officer. He was surveyor of Austin's Colony from 1823 to 1836. As a captain of the colonial militia in 1824, he participated in several Indian fights and also fought the Fredonians. He was elected alcalde at San Felipe in 1832 and signed the official call for the Convention of 1832. The town of Chriesman in northern Burleson County was named for him. See The Handbook of Texas Online: Horatio Chriesman.

(2) COLES, John P. Manuscript power of attorney and printed form completed in manuscript joined with a wax seal: (1) Power of attorney for Lydia Allcorn to Thomas Allen, dated September 15, 1838, relative to the disposition of her grandmother's estate. Signed by John P. Coles, chief justice of Washington County, acting as notary public (2 pp., folio); (2) affidavit signed by Secretary of State of the Republic James Webb, dated April 9, 1839, attesting that John P. Coles's signature on the attached document is genuine. With the embossed seal of the Department of State. Fine. Coles moved to Texas in 1822 as one of Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists. His log cabin became the center of a community known as Coles' Settlement, where he also maintained a public house. Coles was active in pre-Republic Texas politics.

(3) DYER, Clement C. Manuscript power of attorney, signed and dated March 25, 1838, appointing Adam Stafford as Dyer's agent and attorney to locate and have surveyed a head right to one third of a league of land "being the head right of William Head." 1 p., folio, with docketing on verso. Signed by Dyer and by J. B. Thompson and A. Barkley as witnesses. Dyer was one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists. He served as a delegate to the Consultation from Harrisburg Municipality and was one of the signers of the declaration that cited the causes for taking up arms against Santa Anna.

(4) [FULSHEAR, Churchill]. SMILEY, F. J. C. Manuscript receipt, signed, commencing: This is to certify that the yoke of oxen that was taken up and posted by Churchill Fulcher in the County of Austin was Elisha S. Whitesides and the said E. S. Whiteside did receive the same said yoke of oxen.... Signed by Smiley and Justice of the Peace Lewis Bond. Independence, Washington County, Republic of Texas, April 1, 1839. 1 p., 4to, with docketing notation on verso. Small voids at right margin and along one fold, not affecting text, otherwise fine. Fulshear was one of Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred colonists. See The Handbook of Texas Online: Churchill Fulshear.

(5) INGRAM, Ira. Manuscript statement of account from Ira Ingram to James Norton. 1 p., folio. Creased where formerly folded. Fine. Ira Ingram, a member of Austin's Old Three Hundred, moved to Texas in January 1826. He was elected the first alcalde of Matagorda in 1834 and wrote the Goliad Declaration of Independence, signed in December 1835. He participated in the Texas Revolution, first as commissary and secretary to Philip Dimmitt, then in Thomas Stewart's company of Matagorda volunteers.

(6) JONES, Oliver. Manuscript lease. Henry Scott, "one of the colonists of the colony of the Empresario Austin having [received] a title for one league of land granted to me as a man of family," gives a permanent leasehold to one half of his league to James Knight and Walter C. White in exchange for their paying the fees due at the time of delivery of White's title. Dated April 3, 1831. Signed by Henry Scott (his X mark) and by witnesses Robert Taylor Jr., F. W. Johnson, Samuel McCoy, and Oliver Jones.
        Oliver Jones, one of Austin's Old Three Hundred, first met Austin in 1822 in Mexico City. In 1824, he received title to a league of land in present-day Brazoria County and a labor in present-day Austin County. He was sheriff of Austin's Colony in 1829-30 and represented Texas in the legislature of Coahuila y Tejas in 1834. Jones also represented Austin County in the Texas Congress during the Republic. See The Handbook of Texas Online: Oliver Jones.
        Francis White Johnson came to Texas in 1826. He laid out the town of Harrisburg and became a member of the close-knit group around Stephen F. Austin that included Samuel May Williams, Dr. Robert Peebles, and others. In 1835, he, Peebles, and Williams were named empresarios to 400 hundred leagues of land in what became one of Texas's first major land scandals. Johnson led a column of Texans at the siege of Bexar, and in early 1836 he and James Grant were instigators of an abortive attempt to invade Mexico in which all but Johnson and four others were killed. The remainder of his life was a series of ups and downs in which he fled Texas twice, tried to sell Texas lands in the U.S., hunted for gold and buried treasure, and in his declining years researched Texas history. See The Handbook of Texas Online: Francis White Johnson.

(7) WHITESIDES, James. Manuscript promissory note for $2,889.00 payable to Martin Clow & Co.(?), dated January 18, 1839, and signed by Whitesides, John W. Cole, J. Smily, and E. S. Whitindey. James (Uncle Jimmie) Whitesides moved to Texas prior to April 1824. By 1829, he was operating a tavern in San Felipe.

(Lot of 7 items)


237. PAGÈS, [Pierre-Marie-François de]. Travels round the World, in the Years 1767, 1768, 1769, 1770, 1771...Translated from the French, the Second Edition, Corrected and Enlarged. London: J. Murray, 1793, 1793, 1792. xx, 300 + xii, 268 + xxii [2] 303 pp., foldout chart, table. 3 vols., 8vo, contemporary full mottled tree calf, spines gilt with red morocco labels. Spines worn and dry, foot of vol. 2 spine chipped, contemporary ink ownership inscription on vol. 1 title, text fine and crisp.
        Second English edition, best edition, enlarged and revised, with three added voyages. Clark, Old South I:285: "He describes briefly the physical character of [Texas and the South] and his contacts with Indians and with the Spaniards in Texas. His account is objective and quite impersonal, and he has been commended by students of the region for his accuracy." Graff 3161. Hill, p. 526n (consult his lengthy bibliographical note): "Of great importance for its information on the Spanish colonial empire in North America and in the Orient." Howes P13. Monaghan 1151. Sibley, Travelers in Texas 217n. Spence 889. Streeter 1027n (citing the one-volume edition published at Philadelphia in 1795). Tate, The Indians of Texas 1938: "A source rich in details on the Caddoes and the Lipan Apaches." Wagner, Spanish Southwest 165b.
        The French author gives an account of his five-year journey around the world from Santo Domingo through New Orleans and up the Mississippi and Red Rivers to Natchitoches. Pagès traversed Texas by horseback in 1767, traveling via Nacogdoches, San Antonio, Laredo, and on into Mexico. An important circumnavigation with a great deal of interest beyond the Texas section. For instance, the third volume (not present in the first English edition of the work) contains the author's account of his adventures during Yves-Joseph de Kerguélen-Trémarec's unsuccessful second voyage toward the South Pole in search of Terra Australis Incognita. Also an important work for whaling and the natural history of whales.

(3 vols.)


238. PALLISER, John. Solitary Rambles and Adventures of a Hunter in the Prairies. London: John Murray, 1853. xiv [2] 326 [2, ads] pp., engraved frontispiece, pictorial title, plates (depicting hunting scenes, with bear, buffalo, and elk). 8vo, original brown cloth with gilt vignette of buffalo, gilt spine. Light outer wear, hinges repaired, overall a fine copy of an increasingly scarce book, difficult to find in original pictorial cloth.
        First edition. Clark, Old South III:377: "Leaving Liverpool early in 1847, Palliser, prominent English geographer-explorer, world traveler, and big game hunter, landed at Halifax to journey southward to Wheeling and down the rivers to New Orleans. He visited there for several weeks before leaving for more than a year's hunting in the Trans-Mississippi West.... Many of the first seventy-five pages of this excellent book record Palliser's favorable impressions of Mississippi steamboats, the city of New Orleans and its French quarter, an interesting hunting trip up the Arkansas, and a Louisiana sugar plantation. He made a side trip from St. Louis to Mammoth Cave before setting out for the Yellowstone and Big Horn country." Dobie, p. 155n. Graff 3168. Howes P43. Phillips, Sporting Books, p. 285: "This is one of the best books of this period of Western hunting." Plains & Rockies IV:228:1. Smith 7856. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.



239. PALMER, Joel. Journal of Travels over the Rocky Mountains, to the Mouth of the Columbia River; Made during the Years 1845 and 1846.... Cincinnati: James, 1847. 189 pp. 12mo, modern half dark green levant morocco over green cloth, spine with raised bands. A very fine, bright copy.
        First edition, second issue (p. 121 corrected and no errata slip). Cowan, p. 168: "Excessively rare." Ewers & Cuthbertson, American Fur Trade, p. 119. Field 1165. Graff 3171. Hill, p. 220. Howes P47: "Most reliable of the early Odes to Oregon; in addition, the best narrative by a participant in the overland migration of 1845, which more than doubled the population of Oregon." Jones 242: "Designed to help the emigrant to Oregon. This is the reason why it is so rare. It was so helpful and detailed that copies of the first two editions in fragile binding literally were read to pieces. This ranks among the four best overland-to-Oregon accounts." Pilling 2886. Plains & Rockies IV:136:1. Smith 7886. Contains Native American linguistics and one of the first printings of the "Organic Laws of Oregon." Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.


240. PALOÚ, Francisco. Historical Memoirs of New California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1926. xcvi, 331 + xii, 390 + xi [1, blank] 399 + xiv [1, blank] 446 pp., frontispieces, 25 plates, 3 folding maps. 4 vols., 8vo, original dark blue cloth, gilt-lettered spines. A fine set.
        First edition in English. Edited by Herbert Eugene Bolton. Barrett 1944. Cowan, p. 471. Howes P55. Palau 210794. Wagner, Spanish Southwest 168n: "Translation based on the Fray Francisco García Figueroa copy of the lost original, with a number of Paloú letters in Vol. 4." Considered the first general history of Alta California.

(4 vols.)




241. PARKER, A. A. Trip to the West and Texas. Comprising a Journey of Eight Thousand Miles, through New-York, Michigan, Illinois, Missouri, Louisiana and Texas, in the Autumn and Winter of 1834-5.... Concord: White & Fisher, 1835. [2] 276 pp., 2 wood-engraved plates. 12mo, original green patterned cloth, gilt-lettered tan calf spine label (rebacked, original spine preserved). Some mild staining and browning (most noticeable on endsheets), a few leaves chipped at blank margins where carelessly opened, overall very good. Preserved in a green cloth slipcase.
        First edition. Basic Texas Books 159: "Parker, an observant chronicler, visited Texas just prior to the revolution. Ray Allen Billington states: 'His descriptions of the Texas settlements and people are vivid and discerning. He also reveals the cultural conflicts with Mexico which played a part in the Texas Revolution. Because this is one of the earliest travel books written in English about Texas, it is of great value.'" Clark, Old South III:82. Graff 3183. Howes P74. Phillips, Sporting Books 286. Plains & Rockies IV:57a:1. Raines, p. 162. Streeter 1172: "Even though quite prosaic in style, it has for a little known new country like Texas the interest that is present in any early contemporary account of travels. Parker, a graduate of the University of Vermont in 1823, was a New Hampshire lawyer and judge, and an occasional author." Parker traveled from the Sabine to the Colorado, thence back to San Felipe and Brazoria.


242. PARKER, Rev. Samuel. Journal of an Exploring Tour beyond the Rocky Mountains. Under the Direction of the A.B.C.F.M. in the Years 1835, '36 and '37...with a Map of Oregon Territory. Ithaca: Mack, Andrus & Woodruff, 1842. 408 pp., large folding map, plate, meteorological table. 8vo, original brown blind-stamped cloth. Binding worn and chipped at extremities, mild to moderate foxing. Map with a few splits, but generally very good to fine.
        Third edition (first edition, Ithaca, 1838). Howes P89: "Parker accompanied a fur-trading party, in 1835, from Council Bluffs to Walla Walla." Plains & Rockies IV:70:3. Tweney, Washington 89 #24: "Parker's map was one of the earliest to be widely circulated and to contain reliable information about the Oregon Territory." Wheat, Transmississippi West 446 & II, pp. 165-6. Donated to the Texas State Historical Association by Shirley and Clifton Caldwell.




243. PASCHAL, George W[ashington]. A Digest of the Laws of Texas: Containing Laws in Force, and the Repealed Laws on Which Rights Rest. Carefully Annotated. Washington: W. H. & O. H. Morrison, 1870. lxxiv, 1,085 pp. Large 8vo, original legal sheep with gilt morocco labels. Binding worn, upper cover detached. Texas Governor E. M. Pease's copy, signed twice by him, including a notation that Paschal presented this copy to him.
        Second edition. Paschal was a lawyer and a strong unionist who was prominent in the Constitutional Union party in Texas. He presented this book to Elisha Marshall Pease, also a unionist, who was governor of Texas in 1853-57 and again in 1867-69, when he resigned. See The Handbook of Texas Online: George Washington Paschal.


244. PAWNEE COUNTY AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL ASSOCIATION . Premium List of the Sixth Annual Fair of the Pawnee County Agricultural and Mechanical Association to Be Held at Pawnee City, Neb. September 22, 23, 24 & 25. 1885. Pawnee City: Press-Republican Printers, [1885]. 50 pp., numerous ads. 8vo, original yellow printed pictorial wrappers. Light stain to lower corners of wraps, small green ink mark on upper wrap, text lightly browned, overall a fine copy.
        First edition. Not in Adams, Graff, or Howes. Includes lists of classes of livestock ("best bull, 2 years old and over," "best calf," "best single roadster, mare or gelding," "best saddle horse, mare or gelding," "best Jack of any age," etc.); farm products ("best sample pop corn," "best 3 watermelons," "best 6 stalks rhubarb," etc.); art ("best portrait in oil," "best sample hair work," "best sample bead work," etc.); textiles ("best pair woolen blankets," "best gent's shirt, made by hand,""best canvas embroidered toilet set," etc.); fruits and floral; and a contest "for the handsomest baby 18 months old and under." Ads for local businesses.




245. [PETERS COLONY]. PETERS, William C. Emigration to the Trinity and Red River Colony, Texas. Louisville, August, 1846. Broadside printed in two columns on pale blue-gray paper. Exceptionally fine and handsome, fundamentally important for the history of Dallas and North Texas.
        Unrecorded and hitherto unknown broadside-excellent and important content. This broadside heralds the establishment of the Peters Colony agent on the site of the new town of Dallas to "receive and locate to their satisfaction all who may go on to settle." It announces the creation of the Texas Emigration and Land Company (as per the compromise settlements with the Texas government and the English and American owners) and describes in exact detail the boundaries of the Peters Colony. Immigrants are urged to come and details are given of what to bring and what the requirements are for acquiring land. The terrain, climate, and other physical features are described in glowing terms, and directions are given on how to get there. Surveyors are especially urged to come to the colony and work under the new agent in charge, H. O. Hedgecoxe (whose antics resulted in what is known as the Hedgecoxe War), at the new headquarters at Dallas. At the lower margin in large and bold letters is "PLEASE READ THIS AND HAND IT TO YOUR NEIGHBORS."




246. [PHOTOGRAPHY]. BARRY, David F. (photographer). Original sepia photograph of D. F. Barry posing in suit and hat next to Native American Chief Rain-in-the-Face, who is wearing feathers and beads and holding a rifle, with a painted backdrop depicting a Native American village. Undated. Photograph measures 25 x 20 cm (9-7/8 x 7-7/8 inches). Very fine, with photographer's plate tipped onto verso of photograph: "D. F. Barry, Photographs of All Noted Indian Chiefs, Photographer, 1316 Tower Ave., Superior, Wis." Matted, with an engraved plaque attached to mat, inscribed: "Rain-in-the-Face 1843-1905, Uncpapa Sioux Chief, 'I will tear out the heart of Tom Custer.'" Verso inscription: "Chief Rain in the Face and D. F. Barry. To M. Chas. N. Kessler with the compliments of D. F. Barry."
        David F. Barry (1854-1934) learned photography from O. S. Goff in Wisconsin. Working together for several years, they amassed a major archive of Native American photographs. Barry traveled to many forts in the area, photographing cavalry and Native Americans in portraits and genre settings. Barry moved his studio to West Superior, Wisconsin, in 1890.
        Rain-in-the-Face (Itonagaju), a Hunkpapa Sioux, was born about 1835. He gained the reputation of being the one who killed Lt. Col. Custer in the battle of the Little Big Horn. He was written about by Longfellow, and even Custer's wife attributed her husband's death to Rain-in-the-Face. In Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains, Charles A. Eastman (1858-1939), a Sioux medical doctor and writer, recorded an interview he had with Rain-in-the-Face two months before he died. In relating events of his life, Rain-in-the-Face gave Eastman an account of the battle at Little Big Horn and dispelled the myth that he had killed Custer. "It is generally said that a young man with nothing but a war staff in his hand broke through the column and knocked down the leader very early in the fight. We supposed him to be the leader, because he stood up in full view, swinging his big knife [sword] over his head, and talking loud. Some one unknown afterwards shot the chief, and he was probably killed also; for if not, he would have told of the deed, and called others to witness it. So it is that no one knows who killed the Long-Haired Chief [General Custer]....
        "Many lies have been told of me. Some say that I killed the Chief, and others that I cut out the heart of his brother [Tom Custer], because he had caused me to be imprisoned. Why, in that fight the excitement was so great that we scarcely recognized our nearest friends! Everything was done like lightning. After the battle we young men were chasing horses all over the prairie, while the old men and women plundered the bodies; and if any mutilating was done, it was by the old men. I have lived peaceably ever since we came upon the reservation. No one can say that Rain-in-the-Face has broken the rules of the Great Father. I fought for my people and my country. When we were conquered I remained silent, as a warrior should. Rain-in-the-Face was killed when he put down his weapons before the Great Father. His spirit was gone then; only his poor body lived on, but now it is almost ready to lie down for the last time. Ho, hechetu! [It is well.]"


247. [PHOTOGRAPHY]. CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY. Glimpses along the Canadian Pacific Railway. Mountain Series A. N.p., [1890s?]. 12 scenic black-and-white photographic views of: "The Three Sisters, from Canmore," "Bow River Valley, at Canmore," "Banff Springs Hotel, from Tunnel Mountain," "Bird's Eye View Lower Kicking Horse Cañon, Rocky Mountains," "Hermit Mountain, near Glacier Station," "Roger's Pass, from the Glacier House," "Ice Grotto, Great Glacier of the Selkirks," "Great Glacier of the Selkirks, Near Glacier House," "Albert Cañon, Selkirk Range," "Fraser Cañon, near Spuzzum," "Indian Salmon Camp, Fraser Cañon," and "Mouth of the Fraser Cañon at Yale, B.C." 4to, original brown cloth album with gilt lettering. Light wear to edges, corners bumped, missing the tie for fastening the album, but overall fine.
        First edition of a scarce and attractive photodocumentary railroad promotional showing pristine scenes of wilderness. In 1881, the Canadian Pacific Railway began building the transcontinental railway. The CPR received $25 million and twenty-five million acres of land on either side of the main railway in exchange for building the railway through various areas. The result was a checker-board pattern of CPR-owned, undeveloped land, which it then sold to settlers. As final payment for building the railroad, the CPR received a three-million-acre block of land between west of Calgary and west of Medicine Hat.




248. [PHOTOGRAPHY]. Original black-and-white photograph of an elderly former Texas Ranger, Andrew Mather, in western wear including boots and hat. Photographer unknown. Image measures 21.5 x 12 cm (8-3/8 x 4-3/4 inches). Very fine. In gold mat, under glass, contemporary wooden frame with floral design. Frame verso: "June 11-1851. July 15, 1923. Age 78. Andrew Mather. Ranger with Capt. Jeff"(in black ink written over a previous faded red ink inscription).
        With a sad and distant gaze from beneath the shadow of his hat, Mather, white-haired and goateed, poses for the photograph wearing a vest and light coat, his pants tucked into decoratively sewn cowboy boots. His gnarled hands and gaunt, weathered face with high cheekbones suggest a tough ranger who rode hard in his younger days. He is standing in a yard in a residential neighborhood, with houses in the background, part of a picket fence to the left, and a tree to the right behind him. It appears to be winter, since the trees lack foliage. "Capt. Jeff" refers to Captain Jeff Maltby, an important figure in the Texas Rangers Frontier Battalion.
        See The Handbook of Texas Online (Maltby): "William Jeff Maltby [1829-1908]...organized neighbors into a minute men militia as a Texas Ranger sergeant to protect the area from raiding Indians.... When the Frontier Battalion of the reorganized Texas Rangers was formed in 1874 under Maj. John B. Jones, Maltby was appointed commander of Company E. He...took part in the struggles between the Rangers and Indians and white desperadoes." See also Chuck Parsons, James Madison Brown, Texas Sheriff, Texas Turfman; Walter Prescott Webb, The Texas Rangers; and Robert Lee Williamson, A History of Company E of the Texas Frontier Battalion, 1874-1879 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1952).


249. [PHOTOGRAPHY]. Photographic portrait of handsome young woman. Late 1800s. Portrait measures 41.4 x 33.6 cm (16-1/4 x 13-1/4 inches). Fine, in contemporary ornate gilt wooden frame. Verso label "Framed by Bradford Gallery...Austin, Texas."




250. [PHOTOGRAPHY]. REYES FOTO. Collection of six original sepia photographs by Reyes Foto, depicting an aviator with his biplane and his participation in an early air show near a beach. Location and date unknown. Photographs measure 12 x 18 cm (7 x 4-3/4 inches). Each bears the "Reyes Foto" identification inscription in white letters on the image. Fine.
        Photos depict: (1) Aviator posing in jodhpurs, white sweater, tie, and aviator's cap with goggles up. Verso inscribed "Felipe Adelbert," presumably the aviator; (2) Close-up of the biplane with Adelbert in the pilot's seat and another aviator in the seat behind him; (3) More distant view of the biplane, with the two aviators standing in front of it leaning against the lower wing; (4) Beach with a crowd of people watching the biplane fly over; the distant crowd appears to be mainly Hispanic or Black, mostly men in white shirts, some in hats, two on horseback; (5) Adelbert standing in front of an open parachute with its cords stretching forward; (6) A different view of the open parachute with Adelbert standing in front of it holding a cord.
        Several airplanes and fliers were active around Texas before World War I, entertaining crowds interested in the important new inventions. Possibly the beach could be near Corpus Christi, which during World War II became the world's largest naval air-training base because of its favorable geography and climate.

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