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| 15. CARRILLO,
Carlos Antonio (1783-1852). Exposición dirigida á la Cámara de
Diputados del Congreso de la Unión por el Sr. D. Carlos Antonio Carrillo,
diputado por la Alta California, sobre arreglo y administración del
Fondo Piadoso [caption title]. [Mexico: Imprenta del C. Alejandro
Valdés, September 15, 1831]. 16 pp. 8vo, protective marbled wrappers.
Very fine, with contemporary ink number “126” above caption title.
The Estelle Doheny–Henry H. Clifford copy. Estelle Doheny’s gilt morocco
book labels are affixed to slipcase and inside wrapper. Preserved
in full orange morocco folding case.
First edition. Barrett, Baja California 3198. Cowan I, p. 42. Cowan II, pp. 106-107. Doheny Sale 199 (this copy). Huntington Library, Zamorano 80...Exhibition of Famous and Notorious California Classics 15. Libros Californianos (Cowan list), p. 21. Rocq 8797. Streeter Sale 2464: “This speech delivered by Carrillo in the Mexican Congress in the fall of 1831 against proposed secularization of the California Missions is the first book about California published by a native Californian. Carrillo’s recommendations for encouragement of the missions, which he said were instrumental in staving off foreign infiltration, were carried into effect by the Decree on May 25, 1832.” Weber, The California Missions, p. 14. Zamorano 80 #15 (Henry R. Wagner): “Carrillo was a diputado at the time and a proposal was before the House to take possession of the Pious Fund, a measure which finally was passed in 1842. Carrillo speaks of the continual invasion of the country by English hunters from the Columbia and by Americans from the United States. One of the latter (Jedediah S. Smith) went to Monterey in 1827 with sixty men, to see the comandante. Carrillo therefore called for new missions and presidios in the interior, especially toward the north. Carrillo proposed to lease the properties belonging to the Pious Fund, and this was done in 1832.” ($15,000-30,000)
Item 15. Estelle Doheny’s book label in Carrillo’s Esposición.
15A. CARRILLO, Carlos Antonio. Exposition Addressed to the Chamber of Deputies of the Congress of the Union...Concerning the Regulation and Administration of the Pious Fund. Translated and Edited by Herbert Ingram Priestley.... San Francisco: John Henry Nash, 1938. xx, 15  pp., ornamental chapter headings. 4to, original half green cloth over green boards, printed paper spine label. Exceptionally fine in very fine d.j. Signed by fine printer John Henry Nash on pastedown. ($50-100)
As a result of the high costs of halting the
Pueblo Revolt of New Mexico, the crown was unable to finance further
growth of Jesuit missions in northwestern New Spain during the final
decade of the seventeenth century. Although Eusebio Francisco Kino,
S.J., had failed to achieve permanency at San Bruno on the California
peninsula in 1683-1685, his labors inspired fellow Jesuits Juan María
de Salvatierra, Francisco María Piccolo, and Juan de Ugarte to continue
the efforts to evangelize the Californias. To finance this enterprise,
Salvatierra and Ugarte began the collection of alms from benefactors
of the Society of Jesus in Mexico City in 1692, and having raised
sufficient funds by 1697, Salvatierra and Piccolo succeeded in founding
Mission Nuestra Señora de Loreto on the peninsula. Ugarte, remaining
in Mexico City, continued to raise funds to assure not only the permanency
of Loreto but also the expansion of the mission field, and thus established
what became known as the Pious Fund of the Californias. During the
seventy-five years of Jesuit presence on the peninsula, the fund received
not only generous monetary donations from such noted benefactors as
Presbyter Juan Caballero y Ocio and the Marqués de Villapuente, but also
gifts of land that provided sources of income from usufruct in perpetuity.
——W. Michael Mathes