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Auction 12: The Zamorano 80 Collection of Daniel G. Volkmann Jr.

Lots 59, 59A, 59B & 59C

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Item 59. Palóu’s biography of Junípero Serra—“The first biography of an Alta California personality” (Mathes).

59. PALÓU, Francisco (1723-1789). Relación histórica de la vida y apostólicas tareas del Venerable Padre Fray Junípero Serra, y de las misiones que fundó en la California septentrional, y nuevos establecimientos de Monterey.... Mexico: Felipe de Zúñiga y Ontiveros, 1787. [28] 344 pp., copper-engraved allegorical portrait of Serra performing apostolic labors, folding copper-engraved map: Californias: Antigua y Nueva Notas. En èsta Carta no se escribn. los nombrs. de tods. las Yslas, Ptos. Rios, y demàs, pr. ser hecha pa. solo demostrar lo qe. andubo, y Misions. qe. fundó en la Nvã. Califa. el V. P. Fr. Junipero Sèrra, Presidte. de èllas. La longd. es arreglada al meridiano de S. Blas. Diego Tronosco Sc. Mexco. ao. 1787... (25.7 x 35 cm; 10-1/8 x 13-7/8 inches). 8vo, original vellum, spine with original manuscript lettering in sepia ink. Early inoffensive red and black library markings on spine. Vellum split in several places along edges, rawhide ties no longer present, a few clean tears to endpapers at hinges, but overall a fine, desirable copy, crisp text and strong impressions of portrait and map. Marca de fuego on upper edges of text block (probably from the Convento de San Cosme de México). Engraved armorial bookplate of Manuel Romero de Terreros (“Ex Libris Manuel Romero de Terreros/March: de Sancto Francisco”). Manuel Romero de Terreros y Vinent (1880-1968), well-known and widely published specialist in Mexican colonial history and art, was a professor at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, one of the founders of Academia Mexicana de la Historia, and the possessor of a superb library. He was a descendant of Pedro Romero de Terreros, Conde de Regla (1710-1781), benefactor of the Franciscan colleges of Santa Cruz de Querétaro and Guadalupe de Zacatecas (Texas missions), founder of Monte de Piedad, etc. See Diccionario Porrúa.
First edition, second issue, with title above imprint reading: “A expensas de don Miguel González Calderón”; the catchword on the final page of the index being “PRO”; and the toponym “MAR PACIFICO” appearing on the map (in the first issue the line “A expensas de varios bienhechores” appears on the title page and the catchword “CAR” appears on the final page of the index). Barrett, Baja California 1947. Cowan I, pp. 171-72: “The most famous and the most extensive of the early works that relate to Upper California.” Cowan II, p. 472. Graff 3179. Hill, pp. 220-21: “This work has been called the most noted of all books relating to California.” Holliday 846. Howell 50, California 180: “This life of Fr. Junípero Serra, the founder of the California Missions, consists chiefly of letters from Serra to his friend and companion Fr. Palóu.” Howes P56. Huntington Library, Zamorano 80...Exhibition of Famous and Notorious California Classics 59. LC, California Centennial 34. Jones 607. Libros Californianos (Wagner & Hanna lists), pp. 24, 67; also, pp. 32-33, 45-47 (Powell commentary). Mathes, California Colonial Bibliography 64. Medina, México 7731. Norris 3007. Streeter Sale 2450. Wagner, Spanish Southwest 168. Weber, The California Missions, p. 77. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 208 & I, p. 128: “[The map] is of interest here because it seems to be the first on which a boundary line was drawn between Lower and Upper California.” Zamorano 80 #59 (Henry R. Wagner): “This book is perhaps the commonest relating to the history of California printed in Spanish, as W. W. Blake, a bookseller in Mexico City, unearthed a cache about forty years ago of some fifty new copies in a monastery of Santa Cruz in Querétaro. This accounts for the number of mint copies still in circulation.”
A choice Mexican colonial imprint with superb content, printed by the noted firm of Zúñiga y Ontiveros, with an engraved map of California and portrait by Diego Troncoso, and excellent provenance. Mathes says that the portrait of Serra is the first published portrait of a European living in Alta California (Cortés lived in Baja California for a year and his portrait was published on several occasions in the sixteenth century; there are painted portraits of Cortés, Porter y Casanate, Salvatierra, and Ugarte, but they were published only in modern editions and not contemporarily). “Troncoso’s map depicts the extent of European settlement in Nueva, the present-day California, at this time, eighteen years after the Spanish occupation of California in 1769. Troncoso’s map shows the location of nine missions, of the ultimate number of twenty-one, founded by Father Junípero Serra during his lifetime. The missions are connected by El Camino Real—The King’s Highway—a route still largely followed by U.S. Highway 101. The four Presidios at San Diego, Santa Barbara, Monterey, and San Francisco are located.... Although this map is simply drawn and has some geographical distortions, it shows the ‘islands, ports, and rivers’ of the coast region of California, the region of Spanish occupation. The representation of San Francisco Bay is based on the Spanish survey made at the time of their first entry into the bay.... The map is one of the earliest known maps to show a boundary between the two Californias. This line, just below San Diego, demarks the religious jurisdictions of the Dominicans (Antigua) and Franciscan (Nueva) religious orders” (Alfred W. Newman in California 49: Forty-Nine Maps of California from the Sixteenth Century to the Present 17, illustrated p. 35). Mathes, La Ilustración en México Colonial, p. 133 & Plate 12 (noting that the talented engraver Diego Troncoso also engraved the unsigned portrait of Father Serra gracing the present book). See also Manuel Romero de Terreros, Grabados y Grabadores en la Nueva España (Mexico, 1948) and Manuel Toussaint, Arte Colonial en México (Mexico, 1962). ($4,000-8,000)

59A. PALÓU, Francisco. Francisco Palóu’s Life and Apostolic Labors of the Venerable Father Junípero Serra, Founder of the Franciscan Missions of California, with an Introduction and Notes by George Wharton James.... English Translation by C. Scott Williams. Pasadena, California: [Printed by R. R. Donnelley and Sons Company, at the Lakeside Press, Chicago, for] George Wharton James, 1913. xxxiv, 338 [1] pp., plates (included in pagination), folding map. 8vo, original brown cloth. Fine.
First complete edition in English. Barrett, Baja California 1943. Cowan II, p. 471. Howes P56. For more on editor George Wharton James (1858-1923), see Hart, Companion to California and Thrapp II, p. 720. ($50-100)

59B. PALÓU, Francisco. The Expedition into California of the Venerable Padre Fray Junípero Serra and His Companions in the Year 1769...and Hitherto Unpublished Letters of Serra, Palóu, and Galvéz. The Whole Newly Translated and Douglas S. Watson.... San Francisco: Nueva California Press, 1934. [4] iii [1, blank] 124 [1, colophon] pp., frontispiece portrait (sepia halftone after portrait of Father Serra in the original edition), 4 facsimiles, folding map. 4to, original half vellum over gold boards printed in terracotta, spine lettered in terracotta. Very fine in lightly worn d.j.
Limited edition (#152 of 400 copies, signed by editor and with the facsimiles that did not appear in the trade edition). Howell 50, California 180. Rocq 17070. ($75-150)

59C. [PALÓU, Francisco]. [MAGEE, David]. An Original Leaf from Francisco Palóu’s “Life of the Venerable Father Junípero Serra” 1787: A Keepsake Presented by the Roxburghe Club of San Francisco on the Occasion of Their Visit to The Zamorano Club of Los Angeles September 20-21, 1958. [San Francisco: Grabhorn Press, 1958]. [8] leaves, original leaf from the first edition of Palóu’s Relación histórica de la vida y apostólicas tareas del Venerable Padre Fray Junípero Serra (see Item 59 above) tipped onto leaf [3] (pp. 159/160, with text referring to the Anza expedition and Monterey), gilt and red initial letter on leaf [4]. Folio, original stiff cream paper wrappers, upper cover with red label printed in gilt. Very fine.
Limited edition (177 copies, signed by David Magee). Grabhorn (1957-1973) #598. Hill, p. 527: “David Magee, 1905-1977, believed that Palóu’s life of Father Serra was the first literary work to be undertaken in San Francisco and as a consequence Palóu was the city’s first author.... Magee had a keen interest in the cultural life of San Francisco and for half a century worked hard as a book dealer and publisher. His influence was especially felt through his patronage of fine printers in the Bay Area.” Magee wrote the text for this refined leaf book printed on handmade English paper by the Grabhorns. ($150-250)


Item 59. Marca de fuego on top fore-edges.

Miguel José Serra was born at Petra, Majorca, in 1713 and entered the Franciscan Order at Palma in 1730, taking the religious name of Junípero. Following his religious and philosophical studies and ordination, he served as professor of philosophy from 1740 to 1743 at the Convento de San Francisco where his students included Francisco Palóu and Juan Crespí. Serra received his doctorate in theology at the Universidad Lluliana in Palma in 1742 and served on the faculty there from 1744 to 1749, when he volunteered to serve in the American missions. Accompanied by Palóu and thus initiating a lifelong companionship, Serra landed in Veracruz and proceeded to Mexico City, reaching the Colegio de San Fernando on January 1, 1750. Six months later, Serra and Palóu volunteered to serve in the missions to the Pame in the Sierra Gorda of Querétaro where they served for eight years. During this period, the Franciscans enjoyed great success and Serra and Palóu became experienced missionaries to Indians. Recalled to Mexico City in 1758, he remained at San Fernando in various posts until 1767 when he was informed that he was to assume the presidency of the missions of California vacated by the expelled Society of Jesus.
Serra, accompanied by Palóu and other friars, left for Tepic and subsequently sailed from San Blas to Loreto in March, 1768. Assignments were made to the ex-Jesuit missions, with Serra at Loreto and Palóu at San Javier; however, the arrival of Visitor General José de Gálvez led to the preparation of the Sacred Expedition destined to be the foundation of Alta California, and in March 1769, Serra marched north to San Diego with Captain Gaspar de Portolá, leaving Palóu in charge of the peninsular missions. En route, Serra founded his first California mission, San Fernando Velicatá, and for the next fifteen years he would be responsible for the development of Alta California with the founding of San Diego de Alcalá (1769), San Carlos Borromeo (1770), San Antonio de Padua (1771), San Gabriel Arcángel (1771), San Luis Obispo de Francia (1772), San Francisco de Asís (1776), San Juan Capistrano (1776), Santa Clara de Asís (1777), and San Buenaventura (1782). From 1770 until his death in 1784, Serra maintained his administrative seat at San Carlos Borromeo where he was joined by Palóu in 1774 after the latter turned the peninsular missions over to the Dominican Order. Palóu served as missionary in San Francisco de Asís (Dolores) from 1776 to 1785, when he left for Mexico City and the Colegio de San Fernando. At the time of Serra’s death on August 28, 1784, Palóu administered the viaticum to his beloved professor and coreligious.
Upon his return to Mexico City, Palóu devoted his time to the writing of an edifying biography of Father Serra, the Relación histórica that appeared in two printings from the famed press of Felipe de Zúñiga y Ontiveros. Both printings contain an anonymous copper engraving of an allegorical portrait of Serra ministering to Indians, and the earliest map to locate the Alta California missions, the Camino Real of the Californias, and the administrative borderline established by Palóu between the Franciscan and Dominican jurisdictions in 1774. Titled Californias: Antigua y Nueva, the map, showing the territory from Cabo San Lucas to Point Reyes, was executed on copper by the famed Mexican engraver Diego Troncoso.
This biography, the first of an Alta California personality and of the recognized founder of the province, has appeared in Spanish editions in Mexico in 1852, 1970 (edited by Miguel León-Portilla), and 1983, in Madrid in 1944 and 1988, in Ann Arbor, Michigan (facsimile) in 1966, and in Majorca in 1977. English translations have appeared in San Francisco in 1884, Pasadena, California, in 1913, and the definitive academic edition by Father Maynard J. Geiger in Washington, D.C., in 1955.

—W. Michael Mathes

Item 59. “The earliest map to locate the Alta California missions, the Camino Real of the Californias, and the administrative borderline established by Palóu between the Franciscan and Dominican jurisdictions in 1774...executed on copper by the famed Mexican engraver Diego Troncoso” (Mathes).

Item 59. Engraved allegorical portrait of Father Serra—the first published portrait of a European living in Alta California (Mathes).