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13. [MAP]. KIEPERT, H[einrich]. Mexico, Texas und Californien. Below neat line [left]: Bearbeitet und gezeichnet von H. Kiepert; [center]: Weimar, Verlag des Geographiscen Institus, 1847; [right]: Situation und Schrift gestochen von K. Mädel, Terrain von C. Jungmann. Inset at lower left: Plateau von Mexico im doppelten Maasstab der Hauptkarte. Inset at upper right: Die Republiken von Central-America im Maasstab der Hauptkarte. Profile at lower margin: Durchschnitt des Hochlandes von Anahuac.... Engraved map with original outline coloring. 55.5 x 63 cm (21-7/8 x 24-7/8 inches). Some marginal creasing, nicks, and reinforcements, overall fine.
The 1847 edition of Kiepert’s rare map of Mexico, Central America, the American West, and Texas. Wheat notes that Kiepert based his map of the Western regions on Frémont and cites the 1851 edition of the present map (Mapping the Transmississippi West #723n; Maps of the California Gold Region #199n). Kiepert’s rendering of Texas and its then-disputed boundary walks a line of circumspect neutrality. Kiepert shows two blue outlined boundaries, one in the Emory conformation with the overextended, ambitious Panhandle, along with another possibility, the truncated version of Texas without Panhandle and with southwestern boundary at the Nueces River. The outlining of Texas’s boundary with Mexico is thin and tentative, but the other boundaries are quite boldly colored. The German Colony in Texas is shaded pale green and labeled Deutsche Colonie des Mainzer Verein (the largest influx of Germans to Texas occurred between 1844 and 1847 through the efforts of the Adelsverein, also known as Verein zum Schutze Deutscher Einwanderer in Texas, or the German Emigration Company). Detail is good in California, though it is too early for the Gold Regions to be located. Noted German geographer Heinrich Kiepert (1818-1899) made a life-long career in cartography, and his maps are noted for their density and incredible detail. Kiepert’s most important set of maps was the Formae Orbis Antiqui, the fulfillment of his desire for a definitive classical atlas (still considered an authority in the field). Kiepert’s maps are rare, especially the few he devoted to Texas, California, the West, and Mexico. In 1999 we offered the 1849 edition of this map at our Auction 8 with an estimate of $1,500-$3,000 and were surprised when it fetched $9,500. ($4,000-$10,000)