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Auction 13: A Few Good Maps & Manuscripts

Lot 2

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2. [TREATY MAP]. WHITE, GALLAHER & WHITE. Mapa de los Estados Unidos de Méjico, segun lo organizado y definido por las varias actas del Congreso de dicha República y construido por las mejores autoridades. Lo publican White, Gallaher y White. Nueva York. 1828. Grabado por Balch y Stiles, Nueva York. Three insets at lower left: (1) Tabla de Distancias; (2) Tabla Estadistica; (3) Carta de los caminos &c. desde Vera Cruz y Alvarado a Méjico. Upper right: Large engraving of Mexican eagle with snake in its beak, perched on cactus with names of Mexican states lettered on pads (including Coahuila y Tejas and Nuevo Méjico). Engraved map, original shading and outline coloring. 73.7 x 104 cm (29 x 41 inches). Mounted on linen (somewhat clumsily). Rough condition, foxed and stained, original coloring faded, some losses (especially at margins, printed border, old folds, a few letters of title, table of distances, and portions of Northern Mexico, etc.). This map should be placed in the hands of a gentle, expert conservator. Perhaps the single most rare map in the Treaty Map sequence.

     First edition of the White, Gallaher & White version of the Treaty Map. Rittenhouse, Lawrence Martin, and other authorities state that only one edition of White, Gallaher & White’s map was published (Wheat has a footnote in Vol. III at p. 36 stating that White, Gallaher & White reissued their 1828 map in 1844, but, with apologies to our hero Wheat, we are uncertain of this and now await a reply from Harvard, said to hold a copy of a supposed 1844 reprint). Lawrence Martin considered the White, Gallaher & White map of 1828 to be the first edition of the legendary Treaty Map sequence. White, Gallaher & White’s map is an edition in Spanish of Tanner’s 1826 map (see preceding). White, Gallaher & White translated Tanner’s English title, legends, and place names into Spanish and slightly enlarged Tanner’s map and its scale. Both Tanner’s English-language map and White, Gallaher & White’s Spanish-language reworking served as precursors for Disturnell’s Treaty Map. The three versions of the map are exceptionally significant due to their historical context and function with regard to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Together the Tanner, White, Gallaher & White, and Disturnell maps document the cartographical sequence that resulted in the boundary dispute following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

     Crossroads of Empire 39. Martin & Martin, Maps of Texas and the Southwest, 1513-1900, #37 & p. 137. Rittenhouse, Disturnell’s Treaty Map, pp. 13-16 (#1) (designating White, Gallaher & White’s 1828 map as “one edition known”): “One of Tanner’s maps, that of 1826, was copied and published in 1828 by the firm of White, Gallaher & White, of New York City. This is the map whose plates were bought by Disturnell and used for printing the Disturnell Maps of 1846-1858. It has often been said that White, Gallaher & White (and Disturnell) plagiarized or ‘pirated’ this map. It was obviously copied from Tanner’s map, but there is no proof that it was done with intent to defraud. It might have been done as the result of an agreement. The White, Gallaher & White map was issued in 1828, and that was the year in which the United States made a Treaty of Limits with Mexico. There was a market demand in Latin America for a map with all the legends and place names in Spanish. The Tanner map was in English; White, Gallaher & White made a map with all legends in Spanish.... The original White, Gallaher & White map was grabado (engraved) by Balch & Stiles of New York. Their name, together with the copyright notice was imperfectly removed and appears faintly on all Disturnell maps printed from these plates from 1846 through 1858.” Streeter Sale 222: “This map is included as it is such a direct source for Disturnell’s Map of Mexico with the same title, published in New York in 1846, that Col. Martin in his elaborate survey, Disturnell’s Map, calls it the first of the 24 editions of that map, and the map published by Disturnell in 1846 the second. This White, Gallaher & White map in turn follows closely, even to errors, the Tanner Map of Mexico of 1825.—TWS.” Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #384, Vol. II, pp. 95-96 & Vol. III, p. 36. Wheat, Maps of the Gold Region #33n.

     Of the Treaty Map sequence consisting of over thirty-five maps, White, Gallaher & White’s map (Streeter Sale 222), Tanner’s 1826 issue (Streeter Sale 3824), and Rosa’s version published in Paris in 1837 (Streeter Sale 233) are the most difficult to obtain. We have had White, Gallaher & White’s map only once before (1987 @ $3,000); this is the only record for the map that we find in the Morrison guides. We find no records of sales in the compiled auction records back to 1975, or in the Antique Map Price Records back to 1983. Streeter’s copy of White, Gallaher & White’s map fetched $500 in 1966, as compared to five editions of Disturnell’s map in the same auction (Streeter Sale 254-257 & 278) which realized $250 (1846), $250 (1847), $160 (1847), $60 (1847), and $250 (1848). The last copy of Tanner’s 1826 map we find offered at auction was in 1969 at the Streeter Sale (the very same copy as listed in our entry 1 above). Interestingly, Rosa’s map, which Streeter (233) described as “an example of an independent plagiarism of the 1834 of Tanner’s map” brought $90 at the 1966 Streeter Sale. Two copies of the Rosa map are being offered on the market as we write. A copy of the Rosa map sold at Sotheby’s (New York) in 1999 at $20,000.

     We locate copies of White, Gallaher & White’s map at The University of Texas at Austin, The University of Texas at Arlington, and Yale (Streeter’s copy).      ($10,000-20,000)

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