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Auction 13: A Few Good Maps & Manuscripts

Lot 8

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8. [TREATY MAP]. [POCKET MAP]. TANNER, H[enry] S[chenck]. A Map of the United States of Mexico, as Organized and Defined by the Several Acts of the Congress of That Republic, Constructed from a Great Variety of Printed and Manuscript Documents by H. S. Tanner. No. 201 Broadway, N. York 1850. Below neatline at left: Published by H. S. Tanner [remains of address barely visible]. Below neatline at right: Entered According to Act of Congress in the year 1846, by H. S. Tanner, in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New York. Two insets at lower left: (1) Table of Distances; and (2) Map of the Roads &c from Vera Cruz & Alvarado to Mexico. Above the insets are listed major battles of the Mexican-American War. Insets at right margin: (1) Statistical Table (with the symbol * by the territories of Santa Fe and Up. California indicating Ceded to the U. States); and (2) Harbour of Vera Cruz. Pocket map, folded into original 16mo dark brown blind-stamped ribbed cloth covers, upper cover gilt-lettered: TANNER’S TRAVELLING MAP OF MEXICO (covers present but detached). Engraved map with original full color and the newly established U.S.-Mexican boundary outlined in bright rose (in the pre-Gadsden Purchase conformation, following Tanner’s 1826 borderline west of El Paso); California Gold fields indicated in type and coloring. 58.8 x 73.3 cm (23-1/4 x 28-7/8 inches). A few folds neatly reinforced on verso. Pocket folder slightly worn and with remains of old paper label. Streeter’s copy, with his pencil notes on inside cover of pocket map folder (with his notation that he paid $3.50 for this copy at the Heartman sale in 1935 and further notes, including mention of his loan of the map to Carl Wheat). Engraved bookplate of the Surtees Library, Taunton Castle, “Presented by Lady Chapman.”

     “Fifth edition” (dated 1850; copyright 1846), beyond the scope of Lawrence Martin’s sequence of Tanner maps, but, according to Wheat, this colorful and historic edition was based on Martin’s sequence (h), with updates to reflect the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo boundary and the Gold Rush. Here Tanner’s historic map documents the transition of the West from Mexican Territory to conquest by the United States, the only nineteenth-century refinement remaining to implement being the Gadsden Purchase. Streeter Sale 3824 (this copy). Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West III, p. 146 & #695. Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region #176: “In ‘Upper California,’ which includes the present state of Nevada east to an area labeled ‘Deseret,’ the gold region is labeled and colored yellow. The following place names appear: Codun, Wook, Nicholas, Johnson, Vernon, Fremont, Mormon, Sutter’s Fort, Liedsdorf, Sacramento C., Dalar, Shaddon, N. York, Stockton and James T. [etc.].”

     Texas, though still somewhat reminiscent of Emory’s classic conformation, is nearer its final configuration, yet retaining most of New Mexico as part of its territory. The California Gold Regions have been clearly delineated and colored. Frémont’s expeditions are delineated. The U.S.-Mexican border is shown in its near final form. The Utah country is labeled “Deseret.” This edition of Tanner’s map is the most vividly colored map of versions offered above. The thick rose outline of the U.S-Mexico border clearly demonstrates the intensity of the concept of "Manifest Destiny" in the mid-nineteenth-century United States.

     We find no sales records or offerings for this exciting edition of Tanner’s map in the usual market sources, other than this copy, which sold at the Streeter Sale in 1969.      ($20,000-$30,000)

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