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Auction 14: Americana

Lots 54-58: Superb Borderlands Map & Texas Republic

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Broadside Extra on the Battle of Lipantitlán

54. SEMINARIO DE MONTERREY. Alcance al Semanario nùm. 80 del jueves 14 de Julio de 1842. [Monterrey]: Imprenta del Gobierno a cargo de Froylan de Mier, [1842]. Broadside printed in three columns. Folio (43.5 x 31.5 cm; 17 x 12-3/8 inches). Creased where folded, some staining and chipping at edge of blank right margin (not affecting text), otherwise very fine. Rare.
    First printing of a rare broadside extra relating to the Battle of Lipantitlán on July 7, 1842. Streeter 985.2 (locating only the Yale copy): “The documents here published consist of a brief report from Reyes on the encounter between Mexican forces under Canales and Montero and the Texans, a longer account signed ‘Unos patriotas,’ a congratulatory message from Ortega, Comandante general of Nuevo Leon, and a paean of praise from the editors. Both the Handbook of Texas...and Yoakum call this a Texas victory. Yoakum states that the Texans took up positions in a ravine outside the fort and mentions that the Mexicans captured the flag of the ‘Galveston Invincibles,’ a fact made much of in these documents.”

    The battle was fought at Fort Lipantitlán (meaning “Lipan Land”) in the parched brush country of Nueces County. As Streeter indicates, the victor of the battle depends on whom one prefers to believe. The battle was part of the pattern of attack and counterattack between Mexico and the Republic of Texas after the latter’s independence had been attained. James Davis, adjutant general of the Army of the Republic of Texas, and Captain Ewen Cameron led a mutinous, disorganized, ill-supplied body of Texan troops who succeeded in defeating a Mexican force three times its size (or so they said). The Mexican forces were commanded by Antonio Canales Rosillo, the ever-fascinating mastermind of the ill-fated Republic of Rio Grande, a conceptual borderlands republic that would have included Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and the sub-Nueces portion of Texas. Canales was a political switch-hitter–at times aligned with the Texans, or as here, waging war against them.

55. SEMANARIO POLÍTICO DEL GOBIERNO DE NUEVO LEÓN. Semanario Político del gobierno de Nuevo León. [Monterrey]: Imprenta del Gobierno à cargo de Froylan de Mier, [1842]. Issue for July 14, 1842 (vol. 3, no. 80), pp. 319-322. Folio, printed in two columns. Creased where folded, minor browning along folds on p. 319, some minor browning in blank margins, otherwise very good. With contemporary ink manuscript notation “N. 11” in upper left blank margin of p. 319.
    First printing. Not in Streeter. This issue includes a Spanish version of the Texas government’s instructions to its New Orleans delegation requesting assistance from the U.S. to repel the Mexican invasion (pp. 321-322), an anecdote about Sam Houston (p. 322), and an original editorial denouncing continuing Texas resistance and mentioning the Texan–Santa Fé expedition prisoners (p. 322). Periodicals like this are a fugitive but very important source for understanding events in the borderlands and their interpretation by “the Other Side.”

56. SEMANARIO POLÍTICO DEL GOBIERNO DE NUEVO LEÓN. Semanario Político del gobierno de Nuevo León. [Monterrey]: Imprenta del Gobierno á cargo de Froylan de Mier, [1843]. Issue for February 9, 1843 (vol. 3, no. 110), pp. 441-444. Folio, printed in two columns. Old stab holes in blank gutter margins, some light foxing, otherwise as issued.
    First printing. Not in Streeter. This Monterrey periodical has more news and commentary on Texas than Mexico. Included is a long, scathing article, assembled from various sources, entitled “Nueva-York 26 de Noviembre Mejico y Tejas” (pp. 442-443) that paints a dismal picture of “la fugitiva vida de la dichosa república de Tejas.” Included are reports on the low condition of the Texas Navy and news and commentary on the capture of the Texan–Santa Fé expedition and General Adrián Woll’s occupation of San Antonio de Béxar. An article dated at Monterrey, February 9, 1843, and entitled “Indios y Colonos” advises that peace has at last been made with the Comanche.

57. TEXAS (Republic). CONSULATE (New Orleans). Printed document completed in manuscript, signed by William Bryan as consul to New Orleans, commencing: Consulate of the Republic [vignette of Lone Star] of Texas. I William Bryan, Consul for the Republic of Texas, for the Port of New hereby certify that [A. G. McNutt is Governor of the State of Mississippi and that his signature to the annexed document is genuine and that as such his official acts are entitled to full faith and credit...]. New Orleans, March 17, 1841. 1 p., small 4to. Chipping to right margin (affecting a few words) and split at folds. With embossed consular seal.

    This New Orleans imprint relating to the Republic of Texas is graced by a Lone Star and a variety of type fonts. The printed form indicates a date in the 1830s, but the word “thirty” has been inked out and “forty-one” substituted. The form is signed by William Bryan, secret agent for the U.S. in Texas, diplomat, and important financial backer of the Texas Revolution and Republic. Bryan worked tirelessly to raise money and negotiate financial and legal difficulties for Texas. He was instrumental in the establishment of the Texas Navy, and his negotiating skills avoided a major confrontation between the Republic of Texas and the United States. Bryan was appointed consul to New Orleans by Lamar but was never repaid adequately for the financial and other services he rendered to the Republic. Despite the pivotal role he played in the Revolution and Republic eras, Bryan vanished from the scene of Texas history at annexation. See Handbook of Texas Online (William Bryan).

With a Fine Map of Texas Locating All the Forts

58. UHDE, Adolph. Die Länder am untern Rio Bravo del Norte. Geschichtliches und Erlebtes.... Mit einer Uebersichtskarte. Das Recht der Uebersetzung behält sich der Verfasser vor. Heidelberg: [Printed by Giesecke & Devrient, Leipzig] In Commission bei T. C. B. Mohr, 1861. viii, 431 [1] pp., folding lithographed map: Karte von Texas, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León & Cohahuila im Jahre 1861 von A. Uhde [below neat line]: Steindr. v G. Bordollo in Heidelberg (48.7 x 40.5 cm; 19-1/4 x 15-7/8 inches). 8vo, recent three-quarter blue cloth over contemporary purple and tan mottled boards, spine gilt-lettered, new endsheets. Other than occasional inconsequential foxing, a very fine, clean copy, the map excellent.

    First edition, first issue (p. 45 unnumbered). Eberstadt, Texas 864. Howes U6. Palau 343166. Pilling 3948. Raines, p. 208. Tate, The Indians of Texas 517. Uhde, about whom little seems to be known, traveled through Texas and northern Mexico from 1849 to 1855. Among places he visited and comments on are El Paso, Matamoros, Saltillo, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. In addition to remarks about the citizenry, he also includes observations about natural features, such as rivers, and industries, especially mining. A large portion of the book is devoted to the history of Europeans in Mexico and Texas, the latter beginning with La Salle, about whose colony he seems quite well-informed. He also writes at length about Mexican political affairs, including lengthy passages on Santa Anna. Uhde includes a rare Carrizo vocabulary (pp. 185-186), a list of unusual words with their explanations in or translations into German (pp. 426-431), and commentary on routes to the California gold diggings. The work was one of the sources for the esteemed Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (Bureau of American Ethnology; 2 vols.; Washington: Government Printing Office, 1912).
    The superb borderlands map, which shows northern Mexico, Texas (sans Panhandle), and eastern New Mexico, is quite detailed and on a somewhat large scale. Symbols keyed to a legend at lower right are designated for towns, capital cities, missions, Texas forts, haciendas, ranches, and Spanish presidios, including dates of establishment. Pickaxes indicate mines, and crossed swords have been placed at battle sites, including Mexican-American War battles fought on Texas soil (Palo Alto and Resaca de Palma), the Alamo, and the San Saba massacre. Native tribes and geographical features are indicated. Place-names are mostly in English and Spanish rather than German. Uhde’s diligence to accuracy and up-to-date information is evidenced by his inclusion of recently established forts in Texas, such as Fort Cooper, which he dates 1860.

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