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Auction Catalogue Sixteen

“The World Rushed In”: The California Gold Rush


Brief abstracts of each lot in the auction are listed below. Following each abstract is a link to a more complete, illustrated description. Either scan through the material, or click on the letter of the following alphabet to get to the abstracts beginning with that letter:


1. ANSTED, David T. The Gold-Seeker’s Manual. By David T. Ansted, M.A. F.R.S. Professor of Geology, King’s College, London, etc. Consulting Mining Engineer. London: John Van Voorst, Paternoster-Row, 1849. Except for browning to endpapers, interior very fine. Cowan, I p. 6: “Standard authority of the time.” ($1,000-2,000) More>>

2. Articles in a Miner’s Creed [by] Forty-Nine. Entered...1855, by James M. Hutchings.... Broadside, printed in double column within ornamental border. Single sheet. Thirty-five articles, practical to humorous, on the life of the miner. The last article is: “He believes that California, with all its social drawbacks, is not only a ‘great country,’ but that it is in every sense the best place in the world for a working man, and only awaits the coming of a good, sensible, intelligent, and contented class of women to make ‘the desert to blossom as the rose,’ and man to become rich, contented and happy.” ($1,000-2,000) More>>

3. BAIRD, Joseph Armstrong. California’s Pictorial Letter Sheets, 1849-1869. San Francisco: Grabhorn Press for David Magee, 1967. Prospectus laid in. Howell, California 50:1289: “The standard work on the first two decades of California’s pictorial letter sheets, listing 343 items, of which 60 are reproduced in full and tinted to resemble the original paper on which they were printed. The letter sheets are an extremely important visual source for California’s early history.” ($200-400) More>>

4. BALL, Nicholas. Voyages of Nicholas Ball, from 1839 to 1853. In Tabulated Form, with Notes. Together with a Summary of a Trip to Europe in 1888. Boston: L. Barta & Co., 1895. Howell, California 50:279: “The itemized gold mining record under a separate title at the back is one of the most accurate presentations of the actual cost and profit of placer mining in the California gold region.” ($400-800) More>>

5. BARRY, T[heodore] A. & B[enjamin] A. Patten. Men and Memories of San Francisco, in the “Spring of ’50.” By T. A. Barry and B. A. Patten. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft & Company, 1873. Original sage green wrappers; rare in wraps (not recorded in wraps). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 38a: “The authors profiled many of the pioneer businesses in the city ranging from restaurants to the Chinese laundry.” ($600-1,200) More>>

6. BARRY, T[heodore] A. & B[enjamin] A. Patten. Men and Memories of San Francisco, in the “Spring of `50.” By T. A. Barry and B. A. Patten. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft, 1873. Another copy of preceding, in cloth. ($150-300) More>>

7. [BAUSMAN, William (attributed)]. The Idle and Industrious Miner [title within ornamental border and with illustration of miner’s pick and whiskey bottle]. Sacramento: James Anthony & Co., 1854. 19 text engravings by Thomas Armstrong after Charles Nahl. 8vo, original upper green pictorial wrapper (restitched). Streeter Sale 2756: “The great appeal of this pamphlet lies in the many spirited drawings and capital letters with the text and in the pictorial front wrapper which, though unsigned, are said in the preface to be by Nahl and engraved by ‘Mr. Armstrong.’” The pictures illustrate a poem where virtue is rewarded and vice pays the penalty.  Charles Nahl (1818-78), the “Cruikshank of California,” joined the Gold Rush in 1850 and became one of the first resident California artists of significance.” The success of The Idle and Industrious Miner firmly established Nahl’s reputation as an illustrator. ($7,500-15,000) More>>

8. BENTON, J[oseph] A[ugustine]. The California Pilgrim: A Series of Lectures, By J. A. Benton, Pastor of the First Church of Christ in Sacramento. Sacramento: Solomon Alter; San Francisco: Marvin & Hitchcock, San Francisco. 1853.  Book Club of California, California Printing, p. 8: “Written in imitation of Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress...first Protestant book to be published in California. The wood engravings are the first set of illustrations by Charles Christian Nahl for a full-length book. ($150-300) More>>

9. BESCHKE, William. The Dreadful Sufferings and Thrilling Adventures of an Overland Party of Emigrants to California, Their Terrible Conflicts with Savage Tribes of Indians!! And Mexican Bands of Robbers!!! With Marriage, Funeral, and Other Interesting Ceremonies and Customs of Indian Life in the Far West. Compiled from the Journal of Mr. George Adam, One of the Adventurers, by Prof. Wm. Beschke. St. Louis: Published by Barclay & Co., 1850.  Original pink printed wrappers, overall a very fine copy of a rare survival, particularly in the seldom-seen wrappers.  William Beschke’s imaginary overland is about a genial group of young French adventurers disillusioned with life in France who emigrate to America. The party is robbed by Comanche in the Santa Fe area, leading to a wild fracas in which a hundred Comanche are killed and the Frenchman, of course, are triumphant. They arrive at the Platte by Christmas, where they winter. There the story ends, as if awaiting a sequel that apparently never materialized. Beschke’s vividly penned thriller is firmly grounded in the genre of California of the Imagination. The work is certainly an early setting for fiction for the New Mexico-Colorado area, Mayne Reid’s White Chief (1855) usually being cited as the first New Mexico novel, if one wishes to exclude imaginary travels to Quivira and Cibolo in earlier centuries. In this little rarity there is much untilled ground for exploring attitudes and stereotypes, including women, Native Americans, and Mexican-Americans. ($15,000-25,000) More>>

10. BORTHWICK, J[ohn] D[avid]. Three Years in California by J. D. Borthwick with Eight Illustrations by the Author. Edinburgh & London: William Blackwood & Sons, 1857. 8 lithograph plates on tinted grounds (from drawings by author).  Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 21: “Outstanding account of mining life, with the best illustrations the period produced.” Zamorano 80 #8 (Robert J. Woods): “Horace Kephart writes in the introduction to the 1917 edition: ‘Many narratives have been published by men who participated in the stirring events of early California. From among them I have chosen, after long research, one written by a British artist, Mr. J. D. Borthwick, and issued in Edinburgh in 1857. The original book is now rare and sought for by collectors of western Americana.’” J. D. Borthwick’s Three Years in California roars with excitement, and for this reason, his book has universally been proclaimed as one of the most important accounts of the Gold Rush. ($600-1,200) More>>

11. BOURNE, Benjamin Franklin. The Captive in Patagonia; or, Life among the Giants. A Personal Narrative. By Benjamin Franklin Bourne. With Illustrations. Boston: Gould and Lincoln, 1853.  Publisher’s original blindstamped red cloth, gilt-lettered spine. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 69a.  ($150-300) More>>

12. BROMLEY, George Tisdale. The Long Ago and the Later On; or, Recollections of Eighty Years by George Tisdale Bromley. San Francisco: A. M. Robertson, 1904. “Edition de Luxe”     (#36 of 150 copies, large paper special issue, printed on Japanese vellum paper, with larger reset title page, signed by author and in the special binding). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 78:  “In this rambling account, he painted a vivid picture of the destruction of the Custom House during the May 1851 fire, the celebration of Christmas that year, an interesting visit by an Australian to the gold fields, and the arrival in 1852 of the crew of a Japanese junk rescued by the revenue cutter Polk. Sometime in the 1850s the author also worked in the mines near Folsom and Sonora.” ($300-600) More>>

13. BROWN, James S[tephen]. California Gold An Authentic History of the First Find With the Names of Those Interested in the Discovery. Published by the Author James S. Brown Salt Lake City, Utah. Oakland: Pacific Press, 1894.  Fine copy of a rare survival printed in exceedingly fragile format. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 85a.  “Of vital historical importance being the only printed relation - aside from that of Marshall himself - by an eyewitness of and participant in the gold discovery.” Brown’s recollection described his employment by Sutter to work with Marshall on building the mill on the American River. Brown’s story was published on the occasion of a visit to San Francisco’s Midwinter Fair in 1894. ($1,000-2,000) More>>

14. BROWN, John H[enry]. Reminiscences and Incidents, of “The Early Days” of San Francisco, by John H. Brown, Actual Experience of an Eye-Witness, from 1845 to 1850. San Francisco: Mission Journal Publishing Co.,  [1886].  Printer’s proof copy, with contemporary pencil corrections and page numbers supplied at top of each page. The corrections found here were not incorporated into the published edition. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 88a. Zamorano 80 #10. Every search for the true picture of San Francisco’s beginnings as a city leads finally to John Henry Brown’s ‘Early Days.’ Despite the fact that the colorful author put down these recollections four decades after the events described, they provided an invaluable narrative of an incredible, rough-and-tumble era. Consequently, his reminiscences are among the best and most compelling pictures of the port city during those golden years of 1848-1849. ($1,200-2,400) More>>

15. BROWN, John Henry. Reminiscences and Incidents, of the Early Days of San Francisco.... San Francisco: The Grabhorn Press, 1933. Limited edition (500 copies). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 88b. Zamorano 80 #10n. ($75-150) More>>

16. BRUFF, J[oseph] Goldsborough. Lithographed rebus letter dated at Washington City, August 1856. Lithograph of a letter written in script and phonic illustrations. Image approximately 26.6 x 42.5 cm (10 1/2 x 16 3/4 inches). Overall a very good copy of a rare, highly unusual, and amusing imprint. Very rare. Bruff, an accomplished artist, organized a company which traveled overland to the gold region in 1849-50. The letter refers to their trials and tribulations, as well as to the projected publication of Bruff’s notes and drawings on his arduous trip.  This inimitable lithograph is entertaining, utterly captivating, and highly clever. The technical achievement is a highly unusual tour de force of lithographic art. ($4,000-8,000) More>>

17. BRUFF, J. Goldsborough. Gold Rush: The Journals, Drawings, and Other Papers of J. Goldsborough Bruff, Captain, Washington City and California Mining Association April 2, 1849-July 20, 1851 Edited by Georgia Willis Read and Ruth Gaines, with a Foreword by F. W. Hodge. Volume 1: Washington City to Bruff’s Camp. [and] ...Volume 2: Bruff’s Camp to Washington City. New York: Columbia University Press, 1944. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 93a. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 25. This original edition is considered superior to later reprints because of the quality of paper and printing. Editors Read and Gaines spent over fifteen years editing Bruff’s journals, assembling the extensive critical notes and elaborate appendices. Their introduction is a masterpiece. ($250-500) More>>

18. BRYANT, Edwin. What I Saw in California: Being the Journal of a Tour, by the Emigrant Route and South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, across the Continent of North America, the Great Desert Basin, and through California, in the Years 1846, 1847...By Edwin Bryant, Late Alcalde of St. Francisco. New York: D. Appleton & Company, 200 Broadway; Philadelphia: Geo. S. Appleton, 1848. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 26: “The prime and almost the earliest authority on the California of the discovery period.” Zamorano 80 #12. Even without the discovery of gold, What I Saw in California would have been well received and remembered as an irresistible invitation to settle in California. Contemporary reviews in the national press praised its accuracy and authority. Gold fever, however, changed its intended purpose, causing it to be reprinted several times. Attesting to the value of Bryant’s text, it was republished around the globe, including English, Dutch, French, Swedish, and Belgian editions. ($750-1,500) More>>

19. BRYANT, Edwin. What I Saw in California: Being the Journal of a Tour, by the Emigrant Route and South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, across the Continent of North America, the Great Desert Basin, and through California, in the Years 1846, 1847...By Edwin Bryant, Late Alcalde of St. Francisco. London: Richard Bentley, 1849. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 95c. Plains & Rockies 146:3. ($200-400) More>>

20. BRYANT, Edwin. What I Saw in California: Being the Journal of a Tour, by the Emigrant Route and South Pass of the Rocky Mountains, across the Continent of North America, the Great Desert Basin, and through California, in the Years 1846, 1847...By Edwin Bryant, Late Alcalde of St. Francisco. Sixth Edition. New York: D. Appleton & Company; Philadelphia: Geo. S. Appleton,  1849.  Includes the important and impressive: Map of California, Oregon, Texas, and the Territories Adjoining with Routes &c. Published by J. H. Colton, No. 86. Cedar St. New York, 1849.... D. Appleton & Co. New York. Lithograph map with ornate vine border, original hand coloring (boundaries in pink, California gold region in yellow). This was the first edition to contain two maps. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 95i. Plains & Rockies IV 146:9. ($1,500-3,000) More>>

21. BRYANT, Edwin. Californien, en Skildring af Landet, dess Klimat och Guldminor Jemte råd för Utvandrare om de Fördelaktigaste Sätten att Nedsätta sig Derstädes. Utarbetad i Sammandrag efter de Nyaste Autentika Källor. Med en Karta och en Planch. Stockholm: Pä A. Bonniers Förlag, 1850. With engraved plate (Guldvaskning i Californien, miner’s panning gold in a stream) and engraved map (Kart af Ofre Californien med Guld-District. First Swedish edition. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 95n. ($400-800) More>>

22. BUFFUM, Edward. Six Months in the Gold Mines: from a Journal of Three Years’ Residence in Upper and Lower California. 1847-8-9. By E. Gould Buffum, Lieutenant First Regiment New York Volunteers. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard. 1850. All in all a superb, bright copy of a book very difficult to find in decent condition. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 97:  “One of the most important contributions to the history of California. Observing the Gold Rush from its beginnings, he recounted every facet of life including the tremendous non-mining potential of California and formation of government.” Streeter Sale 2613: “One of the earliest accounts of the diggings.” ($750-1,500) More>>

23. [CALIFORNIA]. Beretning om Californien og dets Guldrigdom. Med et Kart over Californien. Christiania: C. Wulfsberg, 1849. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 50: “This Norwegian guidebook to California clearly demonstrates the worldwide effect of the Gold Rush.” After a brief introduction that discusses the history of California, the anonymous author reproduces material from the famous report dated at Monterey August 17, 1848, from Colonel R. B. Mason to the War Department telling of the discovery of gold in California. Next is a long excerpt from Vizetelly’s enduring fabrication, Four Months in the California Gold Fields (q.v.), a work used as the basis for many European accounts of the Gold Rush. The text concludes with various information about California, some of which is drawn from newspaper accounts. This book probably was responsible for the first real influx of Norwegians to California, which occurred soon after the discovery of gold was announced. ($7,500-15,000) More>>

24. [CALIFORNIA]. California Gold Regions, with a Full Account of Their Mineral Resources; How to Get There, and What to Take; the Expenses, the Time, and the Various Routes. With Sketches of California; an Account of the Life, Manners, and Customs of the Inhabitants, Its History, Climate, Soil, Productions, &c. A Cheap Edition for the People. Price Twelve-and-a-Half Cents. Ten Copies for One Dollar. New York: F. M. Pratt; W. H. Graham, Agent for Supplying the Trade, [1849]. Very rare Gold Rush ephemera. Howell, California 50:102a: “Published as ‘a cheap edition for the people’ ... this guide to California and the Gold Region was extremely popular and appeared under numerous imprints from various Eastern cities. It provided a comprehensive historical background as well as geographic and economic descriptions of the area, and was intended for prospective emigrants.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 105.  ($7,000-14,000) More>>

25. [CALIFORNIA]. Californien und Seine Goldminen. Mittheilungen aus der Geographie und Geschichte Dieses Landes und über Seine Goldschätze. Für Zeitungsleser, Freunde der Länder—und Völker—Kunde und Auswanderungslustige. Nach den Neuesten und Besten Quellen Bearbeitet. Kreuznach: Verlag von R. Voigtländer 1849. 32 pp. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 112: “Like many guidebooks for Europeans, this pamphlet gives general information on California’s physical features, history, and ‘Notes for Emigrants’ on the gold discovery. The portion on California’s gold riches consists primarily of an article reprinted from the Koelner Zeitung of January 14, 1849, which in turn summarizes R. B. Mason and others. The guide mentions the many German settlers in the Sacramento Valley and speaks proudly of Captain Sutter.” ($4,000-8,000) More>>

26. [CALIFORNIA]. Gemeinnütziger Anzeiger der Wage. Nro. 1. Neuste Nachrichten über Californien und dessen Goldreichthum.... [caption title]. Prague: Moritz Ernst, [1849]. Rare California ephemera not in standard sources, OCLC, or RLIN. This is apparently an extra to the periodical publication Die Wage. The text is divided into three sections. In the first California is praised and described, including its many advantages to the emigrant. The second section is the famous report dated at Monterey August 17, 1848, from Colonel R. B. Mason to the War Department telling of the discovery of gold in California. Finally, the third section is information about a shipping line established by Heydorn & Company in Bremen to transport German emigrants and speculators to California. A fine, rare promotional piece seeking to entice Germans to emigrate. ($7,500-15,000) More>>

27. [CALIFORNIA]. Guldet och Guldgråfwarne i Kalifornien [wrapper title]. Stockholm: Tryckt hos P.G. Berg, 1874. First leaf with woodcut of mining scene.  Later edition of this ephemeral little work, which includes descriptions of mining operations and what prospective emigrants might expect in California. ($150-300) More>>

28. CALIFORNIA MINERS’ ASSOCIATION. California Mines and Minerals. Published by the California Miners’ Association under the Direction of Edward H. Benjamin, Secretary for the California Meeting of the American Institute of Mining Engineers. San Francisco: Louis Roesch Company, 1899. A very fine copy. This book purports to survey all aspects of California’s mineral wealth and includes two chapters on the petroleum industry (with a photograph of crowded oil rigs in Los Angeles) and one on the copper industry. Among other topics considered are surveys of each appropriate county, mining organizations, machinery, and the University of California’s College of Mining. The ads contain documentary illustrations and photographs of many types of mining machines in use at the time, mining scenes, logging operations, and establishments such as the Del Monte and Palace Hotels. ($250-500) More>>

29. CAMDEN, Charles. The Autobiography of Charles Camden Being a Synopsis of Main Occurrences in His Life from August, Eighteen Hundred and Thirty-Four up to May Nineteen Hundred, Written by Himself and Privately Printed and Published after His Death by Family. San Francisco: [Privately printed at the Philopolis Press], 1916. First edition, limited edition (50 copies). Howell, California 50:346: “A vivid account of the Gold Rush trials, tribulations, and eventual success of a young Englishman. Camden mined in South America, but, upon hearing of the discovery of gold in California, left Peru and arrived in San Francisco on October 2, 1849. Besides mining and running a saw mill, he also explored the northern California coast before retiring to Oakland.” Founded by A. F. and L. K. Mathews, the Philopolis Press was part of the California Arts and Crafts Movement dedicated to rebuilding San Francisco. ($2,000-4,000) More>>

30. CAPRON, E[lisha] S[mith]. History of California, from Its Discovery to the Present Time; Comprising also a Full Description of Its Climate, Surface, Soil, Rivers, Towns, Beasts, Birds, Fishes, State of Its Society, Agriculture, Commerce, Mines, Mining, &c. With a Journal of the Voyage from New York, via Nicaragua, to San Francisco, and Back, via Panama. With a New Map of the Country by E. S. Capron, Counsellor (sic) at Law. Boston & Cleveland: John P. Jewett & Jewett, Proctor & Worthington, 1854.  With full color lithographed map:  California 1854. Published by J. H. Colton, No. 86 Cedar St. New York Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1853. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 116. Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 254: “This is the same map as that listed as 1853—Colton, save for the change in date. It seems also to have been included in ‘Colton’s Atlas of the George W. Colton....’ This was probably the best-known map of California in the eastern states during the ‘fifties. It was republished annually for a time, with little or no change.” The lure of this once fairly common book (priced at $50.00 in the Howell catalogue) is in part due to the wonderful Colton map. ($750-1,500) More>>

31. Century Illustrated Monthly Magazine. New York [De Vinne for]: Century Company, 1890-1891. 3 issues as follows: Vol. XLI, No. 1, November, 1890; Vol. XLI, No. 2, December, 1890; Vol. XLI, No. 4, February, 1891.  All in original wrappers.    It is difficult to find individual issues, particularly in wrappers and in fine condition. Each issue preserved in blue folding case. Among the contents of California and Gold Rush interest are several by important, early pioneers: John Bidwell’s “Life in California before the Gold Discovery” and his “The First Emigrant Train to California”.  (Bidwell was an extremely prominent California settler who arrived there on the first wagon train from Missouri and subsequently worked as Sutter’s agent for many years.)  John S. Hittell’s “The Discovery of Gold in California.”  (Hittell was a Forty-Niner who quickly lost interest in gold mining and turned to writing, becoming a major promoter of the state in conjunction with Bancroft’s publishing firm. In this article he announces, apparently for the first time, his conclusion that Marshall discovered gold on January 24, 1848.) ($150-300) More>>

32. [CLAPPE, Louise Amelia Knapp Smith]. The Shirley Letters from California Mines in 1851-52 Being a Series of Twenty-Three Letters from Dame Shirley (Mrs. Louise Amelia Knapp Smith Clappe) to Her Sister in Massachusetts and Now Reprinted from the Pioneer Magazine of 1854-55 with Synopses of the Letters, a Foreword, and Many Typographical and Other Corrections and Emendations, by Thomas C. Russell Together with “An Appreciation” by Mrs. M. V. T. Lawrence Illustrated. San Francisco: Printed by Thomas C. Russell, at his Private Press, 1922 Pristine, in fine pictorial d.j. with one minor chip. This edition was limited to 450 copies, this being #254 of the issue of 200 copies printed on buff California bond paper, signed, numbered, and notated “Hand-colored plates” in ink by Russell on limitation leaf. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 133a: “The Shirley Letters have received the highest possible praise. The importance of her letters was recognized early on and influenced the views and writings of Josiah Royce, Hubert Howe Bancroft, Bret Harte, and possibly, Samuel Clemens.” Zamorano Eighty 69.  ($600-1,200) More>>

33. [CLAPPE, Louise Amelia Knapp Smith]. Volume One [Two] California in 1851 The Letters of Dame Shirley Introduction and Notes by Carl I. Wheat. San Francisco: The Grabhorn Press, 1933. 2 vols. with printed folder laid in, each containing leaf of manuscript on art history written by Clappe on ruled paper. Very fine dust jackets.  500 copies, only 50 of which contained the original manuscript material by Dame Shirley. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 133b: Rocq 6354. Zamorano 80 #69n. Her glittering epistles from the mines certainly may be regarded as the most famous publication associated with the Gold Rush, and with the ever growing interest in the role of women, appreciation of her letters has soared....  It is these particulars that make her words so readable, so well studied, and so often quoted. ($750-1,500) More>>

34. CLARKE, A[sa] B[emet]. Travels in Mexico and California: Comprising a Journal of a Tour from Brazos Santiago, through Central Mexico, by Way of Monterey, Chihuahua, the Country of the Apaches, and the River Gila, to the Mining Districts of California. Boston: Wright & Hasty, 1852. Seldom found in cloth, which is rarer than the wrappers issue. Howell, California 50:376A: “First printed description of the route north from Camargo, Mexico, through Chihuahua and Sonora to the Gila River of Arizona.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 138. Streeter Sale 3169: “Though this is not one of the rarest ‘overlands,’ it is one of the most interesting... [the author’s] route had not previously been described.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 41. ($2,000-4,000) More>>

35. CLARKE, A[sa] B[emet]. Travels in Mexico and California.... Boston, 1852. Wrappers issue of preceding. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 138a. ($1,500-3,000) More>>

36. [CLEMENS, Samuel Langhorne]. The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, and Other Sketches. By Mark Twain [pseud.]. Edited by John Paul [pseud. of Charles Henry Webb]. New York: C. H. Webb, Publisher, 1867. Very scarce in plum cloth and with the frog placed at center. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 43. Zamorano 80 #17.  Mark Twain, with his account of the jumping frog, produced the most famous tale in California, if not Western, history. This little gem of humor introduced the famed author’s first book and gave him international prominence.  ($7,500-15,000) More>>

37. COLUMBIA MINING DISTRICT. Columbia Mining Laws. [Columbia, California: Columbia Gazette, 1853]. Folio broadside printed in 3 columns. Eberstadt 131:105: “Crudely printed with newspaper type; a press had been established in the mining camp in 1852. The item is of basic an example of how the California minersor men beyond the reach of government anywhere else in our States and Territories, for that matterbanded together and enacted and enforced codes of law for their own protection.” ($5,000-10,000) More>>

38. COMSTOCK, J[ohn] L[ee]. A History of the Precious Metals, from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time; with Directions for Testing Their Purity, and Statements of Their Comparative Value, Estimated Cost, and Amount at Different Periods; Together with an Account of the Products of Various Mines; A History of the Anglo-Mexican Mining Companies, and Speculations Concerning the Mineral Wealth of California: By J. L. Comstock, M. D., Author of “Philosophy,” “Geology,” “Mineralogy,” “Chemistry,” etc. Hartford: Belknap and Hamersley, 1849. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 154: “Comstock also calculated the cost of going to California, the loss of labor in the eastern United States, and estimated that it would take $22,260,000 in California gold before the United States would realize a profit.” ($300-600) More>>

39. COLTON, Walter. Deck and Port; or, Incidents of a Cruise in the United States Frigate Congress to California. With Sketches of Rio Janeiro, Valparaiso, Lima, Honolulu, and San Francisco. By Rev. Walter Colton, U. S. N., Author of “Ship and Shore,” etc. New York: A. S. Barnes & Company; Cincinnati: H. W. Derby & Co., 1850. An unrecorded variant. Cf. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 150a & 150b.  Colton correctly predicted: “Not one in ten of all the thousands who have, or may go to California to hunt for gold, will return with a fortune.” ($150-300) More>>

40. COLTON, Walter. Three Years in California. By Rev. Walter Colton, U.S.N. Late Alcalde of Monterey; Author of “Deck and Port,” etc., etc. With Illustrations. New York: A. S. Barnes & Co.; Cincinnati: H. W. Derby & Co., 1850. All in all, a superb, bright, tight copy, plates excellent. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 46: “Colton’s entries graphically depict the news and results of the gold discovery in the coastal towns. Excellent engraved portraits of Sutter and other pioneers.” Zamorano 80 #20. The lively plates tinged with sardonic humor are the work of wood engraver William Orr.  It is an essential work documenting the transition of California from a remote Mexican province to a pulsating, gold-driven American state. ($400-800) More>>

41. COY, Owen C. (editor). Pictorial History of California, compiled and edited by Owen C. Coy, Ph.D., Director, California State Historical Association. Berkeley: University of California, [1925]. Very fine. Cowan II, p. 148. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 52: “Many pictures of the gold Rush period.” ($300-600) More>>

42. CRANE, James. The Past, the Present and the Future of the Pacific. By James M. Crane. San Francisco: Printed by Sterett & Co., No. 111 Washington Street, 1856. Provenance: Eberstadt-Henry H. Clifford copy. Cowan I, pp. 59-60: “Demonstrates the indifferent attitude of the federal government towards California. It is written in a style that is readable, and even fascinating.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 162: “James Crane, a pioneer journalist, wrote this long, rambling essay to protest the “gross neglect” of California and its neighboring territories by Congress and the Federal Executive.” ($800-1,600) More>>

43. CRONISE, Titus Fey. The Natural Wealth of California comprising Early History; Geography, Topography, and Scenery; Climate; Agriculture and Commercial Products; Geology, Zoology, and Botany; Mineralogy, Mines, and Mining Processes; Manufactures; Steamship Lines, Railroads, and Commerce; Immigration, Population and Society....  San Francisco: H. H. Bancroft, 1868. The preferred issue, with plates. Howell, California 50:400: “The best and most reliable work of its time, describing climate, agriculture, geology, zoology, railroads, mining, and manufactures. Many copies were issued without the plates.” Bret Harte made unidentified contributions to this work. ($200-400) More>>

44. DAMON, Samuel C[henery]. The Friend, A Monthly, Devoted to Temperance, Seamen, Marine and General Intelligence. Published and Edited by Samuel C. Damon, Seamen’s Chaplain. Volume VII. Honolulu, Oahu, H.I.: Printed at the Polynesian Office, 1849. A very good copy of a scarce imprint, generally encountered in second issue, with new title page and only numbers 6 to 12. Rarely found thus. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 1726: “Damon’s well-written narrative is a classic, and provides an early account of life in the gold mines. He describes the primitive social conditions at the mines, and the racial tensions extant between the varied groups of gold seekers.” Cf. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 168a (second issue).   ($4,000-8,000) More>>

45. DEGROOT, Henry. Recollections of California Mining Life. By Henry DeGroot. Primitive Placers and First Important Discovery of Gold. The Pioneers of the Pioneers—Their Fortune and Their Fate. Written for the Mining and Scientific Press. San Francisco: Dewey & Co., 1884. 16 pp. About as perfect a copy as one might ever expect to find.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 175.  Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 56: “Crammed with Gold Rush data.” The illustrations are the work of artist Charles Nahl, who is often referred to as the “California Cruikshank.” ($1,800-3,600) More>>

46. DELANO, A[lonzo]. Life on the Plains and among the Diggings; Being Scenes and Adventures of an Overland Journey to California: with Particular Incidents of the Route, Mistakes and Sufferings of the Emigrants, the Indian Tribes, the Present and the Future of the Great West. By A. Delano. Auburn & Buffalo: Miller, Orton & Mulligan, 1854.   Los Angeles bookman Jake Zeitlin’s pencil note at front with Streeter and Wagner-Camp numbers and “First issue.”  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 177. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 57: “One of the most forceful accounts of the journey to and of adventure in the mines of California, by a gifted observer and writer.” ($300-600) More>>

47. DENIS, Ferdinand, Élias Regnault & Frédéric Lacroix.Histoire des Antilles et des Colonies Françaises, Espagnoles, Anglaises, Danoises et Suédoises. Saint-Domingue, Cuba et Porto-Rico, la Jamaique, la Dominique, Antigua.... Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, 1849. A very fine, untrimmed copy.     These four volumes in one issued as separate titles in the large Didot series L’Univers: Histoire et Description de tous les Peuples, of which it forms the fifth volume of the American portion. The engravings are lovely, with subjects such as Cuba, Washington, Virginia, New York, and Canada, the latter of which includes excellent plates of indigenous tribes. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 186. ($400-800) More>>

48. DENIS, Ferdinand. Les Californies, L’Orégon, et l’Amérique Russe par M. Ferdinand Denis., les Iles Noutka et de la Reine Charlotte; par M. Ferdinand Denis, Conservateur de la Bibliothèque Sainte-Genevieve [section title]. [Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, Éditeurs, 1849]. Minor shelf wear, else very fine. See notes in preceding entry, where the present item is Part IV and from the same typesetting as above. ($250-500) More>>

49. [DERBY, George Horatio]. Phœnixiana; Or, Sketches and Burlesques. By John Phœnix. “In the Name of the Prophhet—Figs.” New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1856. Superb, bright, tight copy. First collected edition of works by the Gold Rush humorist. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 63: “The lighter side of the Gold Rush, by ‘the father of the native American school of humor,’ who was also an eminent topographical engineer. Derby also wrote The SquibobPapers and prepared several notable early maps of California areas.” ($100-200) More>>

50. [DIRECTORY]. BEAN, Edwin F. Bean’s History and Directory of Nevada County, California. Containing a Complete History of the County, with Sketches of Various Towns and Mining Camps, the Names and Occupation of Residents; Also, Full Statistics of Mining and All Other Industrial Resources. Nevada City: Printed at the Daily Gazette Book and Job Office, 1867.     First edition, first directory printed in Nevada County, and an early imprint for Nevada City. Quebedeaux 36: “Very scarce.... His history and directory is, by far, the best-known of all California directories. One of the great ‘standard’ county histories, it is, in the minds of many collectors, dealers, historians and libraries, one of the most valuable—content-wise—of all the directories published in the United States.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 13: “Notable compendium of early source material.” A substantial essay is given over to mining gold from quartz deposits, which, as the author notes, has been the subject of numerous false starts. ($4,000-8,000) More>>

51. [DIRECTORY]. FITCH, Thomas & Co. Directory of the City of Placerville and Towns of Upper Placerville, El Dorado, Georgetown, and Coloma, Containing a History of These Places, Names of Their Inhabitants, and Everything Appertaining to a Complete Directory. Together with a Business Directory. Placerville: Placerville Republican Printing Office, 1862. Association copy with nineteenth-century ink stamp of noted lawman and Wells Fargo Detective James B. Hume “Special Officer W. F. & Co. San Francisco, Cal.” The first book printed in Placerville, the first Placerville directory, and the first El Dorado County directory. Quebedeaux 11: “First book printed in Placerville.... Without a doubt... one of the most important historical sources of the California gold region....  Very few copies on record and perhaps the rarest of the mining town directories.” This historic imprint constitutes an important source on towns and mining camps that have long since disappeared, with names of citizens, histories, advertising, churches, government officials, etc. The region covered in the directory was significant during the California Gold Rush. ($5,000-10,000) More>>

52. DORNIN, George D. 1849-1879 Thirty Years Ago. George D. Dornin. [Berkeley, 1879]. 2 mounted albumen photographs in excellent condition—crisp and strong. Kurutz, California Books Illustrated with Original Photographs 1856-1890 #84. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 200: “[Dornin] headed off for Nevada City. There, he went into a partnership with a George O. Kilbourne, who was pursuing the business of daguerreotyping. Dornin, himself, took up the new trade and opened his own daguerrian gallery in Grass Valley in the summer of 1853.” ($5,000-10,000) More>>

53. [DRAMA]. 2 plays:  [1] COYNE, J. Stirling. Cockneys in California. "A Piece of Golden Opportunity." In One Act. By J. Stirling Coyne, Esq.. [1850]. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 160: “The California Gold Rush provided the inspiration for this dramatic presentation. Scene two depicts English, Spanish, Americans, Indians, Mexicans, and African-Americans engaged in mining.” AND [2] [DELANO, Alonzo]. A Live Woman in the Mines; Or, Pike County Ahead! [1857]. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 178a. ($200-400) More>>

54. DRAPER, Seth. Voyage of the Bark Orion from Boston around Cape Horn to San Francisco, Cal., in the Year 1849, Touching at Rio de Janeiro and Juan Fernandez by Seth Draper. Providence: [Privately printed by H. O. Houghton and Company and Riverside Press at Cambridge], 1870. Privately printed in a small edition. Very rare.  Cowan II, p. 184. Howell, California 50:441. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 206: “Draper recorded the arrival of other California-bound vessels and wrote in some detail about what he saw at this great port city. He also provided fine accounts of his trip around Cape Horn and a four-day visit to Juan Fernandez Island. He arrived in San Francisco on May 6, 1850....” ($2,000-4,000) More>>

55. ECKFELDT, Jacob R[eese] & William E[wing] Du Bois. New Varieties of Gold and Silver Coins, Counterfeit Coins, and Bullion; With Mint Values. Philadelphia: Published by the Authors, 1850. With genuine samples of California Gold beneath two small transparent disks mounted on p. 45. An excellent specimen in the preferred blue binding of a particularly fragile imprint, one of the top rarities of American numismatic literature. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 217a.  ($7,500-15,000) More>>

56. EVANS, Albert S. Á la California. Sketches of Life in the Golden State. By. Col. Albert S. Evans. Author of “Our Sister Republic.” With an Introduction by Col. W. H. Barnes, and Illustrations from Original Drawings by Ernest Narjot. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft, 1873. Spinal extremities slightly frayed, otherwise a superb, bright, fresh copy. It would be difficult to find a better copy. Howell, California 50:454: “Particularly striking are Evans’ descriptions of San Francisco, among them a Chinese funeral feast, the low life of the Barbary Coast, and the street panoramas and sounds of the city.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 68: "Refreshing sketches, mostly of the later period, but with some significant material on Gold Rush days." The lively illustrations are after the work of French artist Ernest Narjot, who studied art in Paris before joining the Gold Rush to California in 1849. He died in poverty in San Francisco. ($250-500) More>>

57. FARNHAM, Eliza W. California In-Doors and Out; or, How We Farm, Mine, and Live Generally in the Golden State. By Eliza W. Farmham. New York: Dix, Edwards, 1856. A feminist perspective of the Gold Rush. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 72. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 232: “Farnham, the pioneer California feminist and widow of Thomas Jefferson Farnham, dated her preface July 1856, Santa Cruz. While providing important observations of California in general, chapters XXXV through XXXVIII are devoted to the mines.” ($200-400) More>>

58. FARNHAM, Thomas Jefferson. Pictorial Edition!!! Life, Adventures, and Travels in California.... To Which are Added the Conquest of California, Travels in Oregon, and History of the Gold Regions. New York: Nafis & Cornish; St. Louis: Van Dien & MacDonald, 1849. 53 full-page woodcut text illustrations within line borders,  large folding colored map. This book, when found, is usually in deplorable condition. A very bright copy, text fresh, map with good color retention and professionally restored (occasional small losses at fold lines, cleaned, deacidified, and backed with Japanese tissue).  Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 1737 (noting 5 Hawaiian plates). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 233a. In contrast to California’s natural gifts, Farnham had much less enthusiasm for its residents noting that “its miserable people live unconscious of these things.” He reinforced Dana’s highly prejudicial stereotype of a sleepy, mañana-oriented people in a state of eternal bliss who failed to grasp the enormous opportunity of California. The anonymous map is a large, popular production of the Phelps and Ensign genre, shouting “Manifest Destiny Realized.”  ($750-1,500) More>>

59. FARNHAM, Thomas Jefferson. Pictorial Edition!!! Life, Adventures, and Travels in California. By T. J. Farnham. To Which are Added the Conquest of California, Travels in Oregon, and History of the Gold Regions. New York: Nafis & Cornish; St. Louis: Van Dien & MacDonald, 1849. 53 full-page woodcut text illustrations, no map in this copy, as is frequently the case. Another copy of preceding, without the map.  ($150-300) More>>

60. FERRY, Hypolite. Description de la Nouvelle Californie geographique, politique et morale contentant l’historique de la découverte de cette contrée. Un précis des événements politiques qui s’y sont accomplis. Des renseignements détaillés sur sa topograhpie, son climat, ses productions minérales, végétales, et animales.... Paris:  L. Maison, 1850. Except for scattered light foxing and moderate offsetting from plates, very good to fine, the large map excellent.  Howell, California 50:81: “Among the plates are views of Sutter’s Fort, San Francisco in 1850, and the big trees of California. The latter view is probably the first of its kind to be published.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 236a. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 673: “All in all, Ferry’s map was about as up-to-date as it could have been in early 1850.... In general this map is good.” Written for emigrants, sailors, voyagers, and armchair travelers, this book is based on numerous official accounts and other fairly reliable sources of information. ($2,500-5,000) More>>

61. FLEISCHMANN, J. C[arl] L[udwig]. Neueste Officielle Berichte an die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten über die Lage und Zukunft Californiens....  Stuttgart: Franz Köhler, 1850. A fine copy of a rare German guide to the Gold Fields. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 241: “Fleischmann served as U.S. Consul, sponsored immigration projects, and put together this short pamphlet to gain interest in the potential of California. The majority of the work is a translation of T. Butler King’s March 22, 1850, report on the mines. The consul also added translations of other official reports including Lieutenant Maury’s summary of a proposal to build a railroad linking both coasts.” ($3,500-7,000) More>>

62. [FLEMING, G. A.]. California: Its Past History; Its Present Position; Its Future Prospects: Containing a History of the Country from its Colonization by the Spaniards to the Present Time; a Sketch of its Geographical and Physical Features and a Minute and Authentic Account of the Discovery of the Gold Region, and the Subsequent Important Proceedings..... London: Printed for the Proprietors, 1850. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 242:  “The hand-colored plates are of exceptional quality and the engraved frontispiece is one of the glories of Gold Rush literature.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 4: “Exceptionally complete and interesting compendium of California material, with important colored plates.” This guide is a perfectly serious one intended to be of actual use to an English emigrant. ($2,500-5,000) More>>

63. [FLEMING, G. A.]. California: Its Past History; Its Present Position; Its Future Prospects.... London: Printed for the Proprietors, 1850. No map in this copy, but with extra plates not always found with the book. For the record, between the preceding work and the present one, the only two plates not present listed by Kurutz are: Encampment of Settlers Travelling to the Station (possibly a generic emigration scene) and Banks of the River Hutt (a New Zealand scene). ($750-1,500) More>>

64. [FORRESTER, Alfred Henry]. A Good Natured Hint About California By Alfred Crowquill.... Published by D. Bogue 86 Fleet Street; M & N Hanhart lith Printers. [1849]. 35 uncolored lithograph caricatures on rectos with text beneath, professionally reassembled into original accordion format. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 248: “This English publication consists of a series of thirty-five cartoon-like scenes depicting a trip by ‘Mivins’ to the gold fields, the inevitable trials and tribulations, and the joyous return home.” ($2,500-$5,000) More>>

65. [FOSTER, George G. (editor) (attributed)]. The Gold Regions of California; Describing the Geography, Topography, History, and General Features of That Country, from the Official Reports Transmitted to the American Government by Colonel Mason, Lieutenant Emory, T. O. Larkin, Esq., Rev. Walter Colton, J. S. Folsom, Esq., and Lieutenant-Colonel Fremont. Together with Exclusive Authentic Particulars, and a Coloured Map of the Country. Second Edition. London: Baily Brothers, [etc.], [1849]. With lithograph folding map with original hand coloring showing gold region in yellow outline: Map of the Gold Regions of California [lower left above neat line]: Paul Jerrard, Litho. 206 Fleet St.     All the early English editions are exceedingly rare and the map is of more than passing interest. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 250e: “This is the first considerable pamphlet on the Gold Regions and but two others (Sherwood and Simpson) are contemporary with it. The author was the first to suggest going to California in companies or associations, and he predicts that ‘one year will see ten or fifteen thousand heady and adventurous Americans in the heart of California, ready to dig gold.’” ($5,000-10,000) More>>

66. FRÉMONT, Jessie Benton. A Year of American Travel by Jessie Benton Frémont. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1878. Minor chipping to delicate wrappers with small losses, otherwise very fine. The book is rare, but exceedingly so in wraps. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 255: “Jessie Benton Fremont, the illustrious wife of John, traveled to California via the Isthmus of Panama in April 1849 to meet her husband. The coincidental events of the California gold discovery combined with her own travel adventures make her recollections doubly interesting.” ($2,500-5,000) More>>

67. FRÉMONT, John Charles. Geographical Memoir upon Upper California, in Illustration of His Map of Oregon and California.... Washington: Tippin & Streeper, 1849. House issue of the report of Frémont’s third expedition, with the large-scale map rather than the smaller quadrant map. The first widely circulated map to announce the location of the discovery of gold deposits along the American and Feather rivers; and it introduced or perpetuated numerous California place names including Kern River, Walker Pass, Owens Lake, and the ‘inspired’ term, Golden Gate, designating the entrance to San Francisco Bay. Kurutz, The California Gold Region 256b: “His report provided gold seekers with a reliable summary of the terrain they were about to encounter.” ($1,500-3,000) More>>

68. FRÉMONT, J[ohn] C[harles] & [Jessie Benton Frémont]. Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-’44....  Washington: Gales and Seaton, Printers, 1845. Senate issue.  There is a duplicate of Devil’s Gate plate; laid in is the missing plate Hot Springs Gate, supplied from another copy. Generally a fine copy in original condition, the large map excellent, much better than usually found, with only mild browning at folds and a few clean, short splits. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 497: “[Frémont’s report and map] changed the entire picture of the West [and] represented as important a step forward from the earlier western maps of the period.... [Frémont’s map] represented trustworthy direct observation, a new, welcome, and long overdue development in the myth-encrusted cartography of the West. To Frémont and his magnificent map of his Second Expedition all praise.... This map marked not only the end but the beginning of an era.” Zamorano 80 #39. ($2,000-4,000) More>>

69. FRIGNET, Ernest. La Californie Histoire Organisation Politique et Administrative Législation Description Physique et Géologique Agriculture—Industrie—Commerce. Paris: Schlesinger Frères, 1866. Henry H. Clifford copy.  Cowan I, p. 92: “Of the numerous works on California, this is one of the best and most complete of the period. Many authorities have been consulted and carefully cited.” One of the early French attempts to pull together a complete history of California by a man who had travelled extensively in the state and wrote several works on the U.S. and its progress. ($200-400) More>>

70. FRIGNET, Ernest. La Californie Histoire des Progrès de l’un des États-Unis d’Amérique et des Institutions qui Font sa Prospérité. Deuxième Édition Revue et Enrichie d’une Carte de la Californie. Paris: Schlesinger Frères, 1867. Unopened, a fine copy, the map fine.      Second edition, except for pp. [i]-xxvi and [473]-479, from the same setting of type as the first edition, but with the map which did not appear in the first edition. ($200-400). More>>

71. GERSTÄCKER, Fr[iedrich Wilhelm Christian]. [Wrapper title]: Preis 5 Sgr. Kaliforniens Gold U. Quecksilber-District. Nach: the California-Herald von Fr. Gerstäcker. 1849. Leipzig: Wilhelm Jurany, 1849. Original white printed wrappers with untitled wood-engraved map of Northern California on upper cover with table of distances from Monterrey. A rare Gold Rush guide and Gold Region map. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 269: “This pamphlet by the German traveler is based on an issue of the California Herald published on December 16, 1849, and is essentially a guidebook. Gerstäcker provided information on crossing the Isthmus but recommended the Cape Horn route. He also warned Germans against the overland route. In addition to giving travel advice, the author described San Francisco and the gold region and provided quotations from various newspapers. Adventurer, traveller, and schlockspinner Friedrich Gerstäcker (1816-1872), a native of Hamburg, left Germany in 1837 for a six-year stay in the United States and began publishing accounts of life there after he returned to Germany. ($10,000-20,000) More>>

72. [GOLD]. [DODD, George]. Gold: In the Mine, the Mint, and the Workshop. N.p., n.d. [London?, ca. 1852?]. Uncommon. A single sheet signed H; this sheet also issued as part of George Dodd’s The Curiosities of Industry and the Applied Sciences (London: George Routledge & Co., 1852). After an opening paragraph briefly recounting the discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill—of which discovery Dodd remarks that it has “set the whole world in commotion”—he proceeds to a brief review of the progress of gold mining in California, using such sources as Mason’s report. One of his conclusions is, “California has taught us a few strange things, and none stranger than the effect of the gold discoveries on prices” (p. 7). ($250-500) More>>

73. GRASS VALLEY GOLD MINING COMPANY. Charter of the Grass Valley Gold Mining Company. Organized July 25, 1851, under the General Incorporation Act of California. Together with Extracts from the Law, and Various Documents Illustrating the Business of Quartz Mining. New York: Printing Office, 1852. Second edition, revised and enlarged. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 287b: “Jonas Winchester served as president of the company. The charter included a series of letters describing quartz mining in the area and a report on the geological character of the gold region. Several of the letters were first published in San Francisco and New York newspapers. Winchester included Horace Greeley’s letter of support.” ($750-1,500) More>>

 74. HARTE, [Francis] Bret[t]. The Luck of Roaring Camp, and Other Sketches. By Francis Bret Hart. Boston: Fields, Osgood, 1870. A good to very good copy; title page with contemporary ink ownership inscription: “Mrs. Frémont.”  With this book is a very good copy in original green cloth of the second American edition, with the added short story “Brown of Calaveras.” Also included is Bret Harte’s 1896 autograph letter to his wife dated at Arford House, Headley, Hants, signed “Limick.” Howell, California 50:510: “Bret Harte’s greatest book [and] one of the cornerstones of California literature.” Zamorano 80 #40.  ($750-1,500) More>>

75. HASKINS, C[harles] W[arren]. The Argonauts of California, Being the Reminiscences of Scenes and Incidents that Occurred in California in Early Mining Days by a Pioneer.... New York: Fords, Howard & Hulbert, 1890. With the book is Libera Martina Spinnaze, Index to the Argonauts of California (New Orleans, 1975). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 319:The first section of the book presents the most reliable account. As Morgan comments, the remaining portion consists of dialogue, fictitious or otherwise. Haskins is best known for the Pioneer Index, a list of 35,000 pioneers who arrived in California by December 31, 1849. ($300-600) More>>

76. HECO, Joseph. The Narrative of a Japanese; What He Has Seen and the People He Has Met in the Course of the Last Forty Years. By Joseph Heco. Edited by James Murdoch, M.A. Vol. I. [II] (From the Time of His Being Castaway in 1850 down to the Fight of Shimonoseki.) Printed by the Japan Gazette Newspaper Company, Yokohama and sold by Maruzen Ltd. Co. Bookstore, Printed on 30 April 1895. Published 10 May 1895. Bindings generally fine and bright. Exceptionally rare. This copy contains four of the author’s autograph letters signed, in English, 7-1/2 pp., dated at Kobe in 1883 and 1886-1887, addressed to “Dear Doctor” and Mr. Harris. First autobiography of a Japanese-American in English. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 4681: “The first edition is of considerable rarity.” Kurutz,The California Gold Rush 325a: “Heco, in these amazing reminiscences recorded the only published account of a Japanese in the Gold Rush.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 94: “His experiences were unique. He saw the Gold Rush through wondering eyes. He became an American citizen, visited Washington and met the President, and thereafter returned to Japan to serve as an official interpreter of the American Mission.”  ($12,000-18,000) More>>

77. HECO, Joseph. The Narrative of a Japanese; What He Has Seen and the People He Has Met in the Course of the Last Forty Years.... Edited by James Murdoch, M.A. (From the Time of His Being Castaway in 1850 down to the Fight of Shimonoseki.) Published by American-Japanese Publishing Association, San Francisco, California, [ca. 1950]. Very fine set.  Second edition of above.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 325b. ($300-600) More>>

78. HENTY, G[eorge] A[lfred]. Captain Bayley’s Heir: A Tale of the Gold Fields of California.... London, Glasgow & Dublin: Blackie & Son, Limited, n.d.     Reprint of a popular work of juvenile fiction based on the California Gold Rush. WLA, Literary History of the American West: Captain Bayley’s Heir...recounts how Frank Norris, who is wrongly accused of theft, flees England for adventures in the West which enable him to achieve wealth, restore his name, marry his sweetheart, and stand for Parliament.” ($75-150). More>>

79. HITTELL, John S[hirtzer]. A History of the City of San Francisco and Incidentally of the State of California.... San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft, 1878. Generally very fine. Cowan I, p. 111: “The most reliable and standard authority that has yet appeared upon the period it includes.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 99: “Impressive work by the historian of the Society of California Pioneers. ($400-800) More>>

80. HITTELL, John S[hirtzer]. Marshall’s Gold Discovery. A Lecture (The Fourth of Sixth Annual Course of Lick Lectures) by John S. Hittell Delivered before the Society of California Pioneers in Pioneer Hall, San Francisco, on the 24th of January, 1893, the Forty-Fifth Anniversary of the Discovery. San Francisco: B. F. Sterett, 1893. Rare pamphlet. Contemporary ink ownership inscription of F. Vassault, apparently of the pioneering San Francisco family of that surname.  Cowan I, p. 111: “The date of the discovery of gold by Marshall had long been in controversy. In this address it has been definitely and finally established. ($150-300) More>>

81. HOLBROOK, Samuel F. Threescore Years: An Autobiography, Containing Incidents of Voyages and Travels, including Six Years in a Man-of-War.... Boston: James French and Company, 1857. Generally a fine, fresh copy, the gilt pictorial illustration on upper cover bright. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 336. As Cowan notes, the author had little regard for the state and its inhabitants. “San Francisco,” he wrote, “was filled with gamblers, rogues of every species, cutthroats, highway robbers, Sydney convicts, villainous commission merchants and bankers, fraudulent auctioneers, hypocrites, apologies for courts, and some of the most miserable and contemptible pettifoggers that could be scraped together from every section of the country.” ($2,000-3,000) More>>

82. HOLLINGSWORTH, John McHenry. The Journal of Lieutenant John McHenry Hollingsworth of the First New York Volunteers ... being a Recital of the Voyage of the Susan Drew to California; The Arrival of the Regiment in 1847; Its Military Movements and Adventures during 1847-1848-1849; Incidents of Daily Life, and Adventures of the Author in the Gold Mines. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1923. Limited to 300 copies, this copy from the “DeLuxe edition” (in boards, on large, thick paper, and limited to 50 copies). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 339: “Page 49 of this important journal begins with a section entitled ‘Experiences as a Gold Finder,’ which mainly covers the efforts of Lieutenant John Hollingsworth and Colonel Jonathan D. Stevenson and their party to reach the mines. Hollingsworth recorded: ‘On arriving at the Mokelamy [sic] river, I there saw for the first time little particles of gold, washed from the earth.’ Winter, however, interrupted them, and the narrator tells of the miserable time they experienced before returning to Monterey. ‘In those few days I suffered, I think, everything.’” ($150-300) More>>

83. HOPPE, Janus & Adolph Erman. Californiens Gegenwart und Zukunft von J. Hoppe. Nebst Beiträgen von A. Erman ueber die Klimatologie von Californien und ueber die Geographische Verbreitung des Goldes.... Berlin: Verlag von G. Reimer, 1849. Hill II:826: “The maps are of substantial importance.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 341a: “Hoppe believed that the primary interest in California was for the European colonization of the West Coast of North America.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 104: “One of the more important of the many early German publications on the gold discoveries.” ($1,500-3,000) More>>

84. [HUNTLEY, Henry Veel]. California: Its Gold and Its Inhabitants.... London: Thomas Cautley Newby, 1856. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 348a: “Decker states that only 100 copies ... were printed. Cowan (I, p. 117) summarized Huntley’s attitude: ‘Entertaining reading, tinctured occasionally by the mild sarcasm of an English baronet, whose dignity sometimes encountered a severe shock....’  Although somewhat disjointed in style, his account provided worthwhile descriptions of ship arrivals, fires, floods, duels, shootings, lynchings, hotel accommodations, expensive food, travel, movement of the state capital, drunken newspapermen, and the general state of mining.” ($2,000-4,000) More>>

85. JOHNSON, Theodore T[aylor]. Sights in the Gold Region, and Scenes by the Way. New York: Baker and Scribner, 1849.     Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 363a: “Johnson’s book provided one of the earliest, liveliest, and most detailed accounts of the Gold Rush.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 112: “One of the earliest published accounts by an actual ‘returned Californian,’ who asserts that he ‘visited California to dig gold, but chose to abandon that purpose rather than expose his life and health in the mines.’” ($400-800) More>>

86. JOHNSON, Theodore T. Sights in the Gold Region, and Scenes by the Way. Second Edition—Revised and Enlarged. New York: Baker and Scribner, 1850. First illustrated edition of preceding, revised & enlarged, added plates and map. Howell, California 50:127: “The second edition is the more valued, in that it includes both the map, in some cases colored, and the plates. The plates are not present in all copies.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 363a: “The second edition was embellished with a map and illustrations.” ($400-800) More>>

87. JONES, T[heodore] E[ldon]. Leaves from an Argonaut's Note Book: A Collection of Holiday and Other Stories Illustrative of the Brighter Side of Mining Life in Pioneer....  San Francisco: Whitaker & Ray, 1905. Two small spots on upper cover, otherwise very fine. In his preface the author comments: “Coming to this State with the tide of immigration which flocked in from every quarter in 1850, I made my home in the mines until after the century was ended, in fact my home was in one mining county for forty-nine years. Naturally, in such a long period of residence, I saw mining life in all its various phases.” Illustrator Laura May Adams Armer (1874-1963) was a well-known San Francisco photographer and artist. She also made motion pictures and wrote children’s books. ($100-200) More>>

 88. KELLY, William. An Excursion to California over the Prairie, Rocky Mountains, and Great Sierra Nevada. With a Stroll through the Diggings and Ranches of That Country. London: Chapman and Hall, 1851. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 370a. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 115: “Lively, entertaining and worthwhile narrative.” The record of a three-month journey from Liverpool to the goldfields, where he arrived in late July 1849. Although Kelly has left a lively, interesting account of his experiences in the U.S. and in California, his first remark upon viewing the American coast was, “I was exceedingly disappointed by the low, flat, naked appearance of the shore as we approached the land, without a natural beauty to meet the eye in any direction.” The narrative continues in much the same unflattering vein throughout its course. Although he finds Sacramento charming, the way of life there appalls him, especially the “pandemoniums,” which he describes with some evenhandedness. ($1,500-3,000) More>>

89. KING, Thomas Butler. T. Butler King’s Report on California. Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting the Report of T. Butler King, Esq. Heretofore Appointed Bearer of Dispatches and Special Agent to California. [Washington, D.C., 1850]. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 377a. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 118: “This outstanding report...was reprinted in numerous editions and formats. It was widely read.” Sometimes epochal reports appear in common dress, as here. Although King is impressed with the prospects of California for the production of such things as beef, grain, and even turnips, he comments towards the end of his report extensively on the California Gold Region, how gold is mined, the quality of it, and what legislation is needed to ensure the proper disbursement of it to miners, investors, and the public. ($75-150) More>>

90. [KIP, Leonard]. California Sketches, with Recollections of the Gold Mines. Albany: Erastus H. Pease, 1850. Except for small split to fragile spine and minor bumping at lower blank margin of upper wrap, a superb copy, exceptionally fine and fresh. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 379a: “A younger brother of William Kip, the pioneer Episcopal bishop, Leonard Kip provided some excellent descriptions of San Francisco, Stockton, mining camps, and life in the diggings around the Mokelumne River area. In one entry, for example, he noted as he approached a ravine ‘the sounds of many rockers in full play.’ His companions, however, suffered from dysentery, scurvy, low provisions, and little success. Consequently, his impressions of California were gloomy. Predicting a bleak future for the state once the gold ran out, he wrote: ‘It will readily be conceived that California can present few inducements to the settler.’ According to the introductory notice, these recollections ‘. . . were intended for one of the daily papers, but the friend to whom they were sent (in the absence of the author), has assumed the responsibility of publishing them in this form, for the benefit of those who are meditating a voyage to the El Dorado of the West.’” Streeter Sale 2638: “This is a wonderfully fresh and interesting account of early days in the California gold mines, by the brother of William Ingram Kip, Bishop of California. This book was probably the impelling reason for Bishop Kip’s coming to California in 1853.” ($10,000-20,000) More>>

91. LA CARRIÈRES, A. C. De. Voyage aux Pays Aurifères Afrique, Mexique, Californie Pérou, Chili, Nouvelle-Calédonie, Australie, Russie .... Paris: Librairie de A. Courcier, [1855]. 12 lithographs on toned grounds, publisher’s original blind and gilt-stamped pictorial cloth with morocco onlays.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 386.  In this possibly fictitious account the author takes a philosophical tour of the world’s gold mining regions to discover and describe the effects of gold on various parts of the world and on humankind. In his discussion of slavery in the West Indies, he interestingly refers to Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin, which had been published only a few years before. In general, the author seems to believe that gold is one of the world’s scourges. The beautiful plates are very well done, capturing not only ethnic types, but also emotions of the participants. Unfortunately, the creators of the plates are not identified. The plates are an unusual contribution to the iconography of the Gold Rush. The designer of the elaborate pictorial binding engaged in charming excess. ($400-800) More>>

92. LAMSON, J[oseph]. Round Cape Horn. Voyage of the Passenger-Ship James W. Paige, from Maine to California in the Year 1852. Bangor: O. F. & W. H. Knowles, 1878.      Chapters from the section entitled “California Scenes” are “Scenes in Sacramento,” “Cattle Stealing in Contra Costa,” “Felling Trees in the Redwoods,” “Indians and their Costumes,” “The Yosemite Fall,” “The Domes,” etc. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 389: “Lamson left Frankfort, Maine, on April 3, 1852, on the barque James W. Paige. Shipping around Cape Horn, Lamson and his fellow passengers arrived in the San Francisco harbor on September 7. Lamson devoted the vast majority of his book to the 158-day journey. He provided a good description of the abandoned ships in the harbor. The remaining text he called ‘California Scenes,’ in which he narrated his adventures in Sacramento and his descriptions of natural wonders, Indians, and rifle shooting.” ($100-200) More>>

93. LANGWORTHY, Franklin. Scenery of the Plains, Mountains and Mines: or a Diary Kept Upon the Overland Route to California, by Way of the Great Salt Lake.... Ogdenburgh: Published by J. C. Sprague, 1855. Thespian Jean Hersholt’s copy, signed and with bookplate affixed to chemise. Cowan I, p. 135: “A scarce book, and no doubt served its purpose; but it is a most dreary performance in literature.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 391a: “Langworthy spent two years traveling throughout California and the mining regions and presented his readers with a compact, but vividly written description of the mines, mining methods, and mining society. His accounts of thievery and gambling halls painted a sordid picture of the land of gold. Langworthy also wrote of the November 1852 fire in Sacramento; Dr. Bourne’s hydropathy; bull and bear fights; San Francisco; and the burning of the S. S. Lewis. These observations were balanced with positive statements about California’s flora, fauna, and agricultural wealth.” ($400-800) More>>

94. LEE, Israel S. “Letters of Israel S. Lee Written to his Family from the California Gold Fields 1849-1857. (Copied from the original letters by Elizabeth P. Batchelder, July 16, 1961).” [56] pp. 4to, Spirit Master of typescript, blue paper folder. Consists of a series of letters from Lee to various family members written during his voyage around the Horn and from various places in California while Lee prospected for gold. Lee includes many interesting twists and turns in a miner’s life, including such matters as living arrangements, costs, and mining operations. He seems to have been moderately successful, as several of his letters concern gold that he has sent back to his family and few of them reflect any real want or distress. ($150-300) More>>

95. [LETTS, John M.]. A Pictorial View of California; Including a Description of the Panama and Nicaragua Routes, with Information and Advice Interesting to All, Particularly Those Who Intend to Visit the Golden Region. New York: Henry Bill, 1853. This work is notable for the fine series of 48 lithographed plates of California views and scenery by George V. Cooper. Many of the lithos are early views of California towns and cities. Mexican images include two views of Cabo San Lucas, three of Acapulco, and the Baja California coast. The large number of early city views in this work make it a valuable documentary source. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 398e: “Letts left New York on the bark Marrietta on January 27, 1849, headed for Chagres. In Panama City, he boarded the Niantic and arrived in San Francisco on July 4. From there, he went to Sacramento, Mormon Island, and other points. Drawing on his personal experience, Letts produced one of the best accounts of gambling, violence, and life in the mines....  George V. Cooper, Lett’s traveling companion and New York artist, drew the illustrations that embellish this work. His scenes, reproduced as forty-eight tinted lithographs, document the journey across Panama, San Francisco, Sacramento, life in the mines, and Central America.” ($1,000-2,000) More>>

96. LÉVY, Daniel. Les Français en Californie par Daniel Lévy. Cet ouvrage se vend au profit de la Bibliothèque de la Ligue Nationale Française de San Francisco. San Francisco: Grégoire, Tauzy, 1884. Very scarce, either in wraps (as here) or cloth. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 126: “Of basic import.” Stern, California Jewish History 171: “The many references to Jews in this book, show that there were large numbers of French Jews in California in the early days, and that they were very prominent in civic, social, and economic life.” ($500-800) More>>

97. [LUCETT, Edward]. Rovings in the Pacific, from 1837 to 1849; With a Glance at California. By a Merchant Long Resident at Tahiti. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1851. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 1825. Hill II:1041: “A rather spirited [narrative] of adventure in almost every island of the Pacific, and an excellent account of the troubles in Tahiti and its annexation by the French.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 409: “This merchant author wrote in cynical terms about what he saw.” Although only in the South Seas for just over a decade, Lucett travelled widely and offers many entertaining and sometimes caustic observations on the people and circumstances he encountered. From his home in Tahiti he travelled to places such as Hawaii and California. He met the imprisoned Herman Melville, of whom he makes many unflattering remarks. He also did not much care for Hawaii or California. ($1,000-2,000) More>>

98. LYMAN, Albert. Journal of a Voyage to California, and Life in the Gold Diggings, and also of a Voyage from California to the Sandwich Islands. Hartford: E. T. Pease; New York: Dexter & Bro.; Boston: Redding & Co., 1852. All in all an exceptional copy, very rare in wraps. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 1887: “An important scarce Gold Rush narrative.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 411: “Albert Lyman, a twenty-four-year-old merchant from Hartford and member of the Connecticut Mining and Trading Company, arrived in San Francisco on August 6, 1849, after a strenuous and adventure-filled voyage. Immediately all of the sailors deserted ship. Lyman and his companions hired a pilot for $350 to take the General Morgan up the Sacramento River. They arrived in Sacramento City on August 10, and the company split. Lyman and nine others went back to San Francisco to form a business running the schooner up the river. Lyman and friends also established a store in Sacramento and one in Mormon Island, and still found time to survey the diggings. The remaining portion of the book covered the Sandwich Islands.” ($5,000-10,000) More>>

99. LYMAN, Albert. Journal of a Voyage to California, and Life in the Gold Diggings, and also of a Voyage from California to the Sandwich Islands.. Hartford: E. T. Pease; New York: Dexter & Bro.; Boston: Redding & Co., 1852.  Cloth issue of preceding. ($2,000-4,000) More>>

100. [MAP]. COLTON, John Hutchins. Pocket map with text: Text: [COLTON, John Hutchins]. Particulars of Routes, Distances, Fares &c., to Accompany Colton’s Map of California and the Gold Region. Collected from Official Documents. Map: Map of the United States the British Provinces Mexico &c. Showing the Routes of the U.S. Mail Steam Packets to California, and a Plan of the Gold Region. Published by J. H. Colton, 86 Cedar St. New York. 1849. Lithographed map within ornate grapevine. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 149: “The text accompanying Colton’s map includes interesting explanatory information on the routes and long quotations from President Polk and Walter Colton on the prospects in California.” ($4,000-8,000) More>>

101. [MAP]. HORN, Hosea B. Pocket map with text: Text: Horn’s Overland Guide, from the U.S. Indian Sub-Agency, Council Bluffs, on the Missouri River, to the City of Sacramento, in California; Containing a Table of Distances, and Showing all the Rivers, Creeks, Lakes, Springs, Mountains, Hills, Camping-Places, and Other Prominent Objects.... New York: J. H. Colton, 1852. Map: Map to Illustrate Horn’s Overland Guide to California and Oregon. Published by J. H. Colton, No. 86 Cedar Street, New York. 1852. Lithograph map within ornamental floral border. A brilliant, untouched copy. First edition, early mixed issue. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 343b: “Hosea Horn was a lawyer from Bloomington (now Muscatine), Iowa. Edward Eberstadt called this guide ‘the most exact account.’ Horn was an experienced overlander and the ‘Certificates’ of others, found on page 5, support the value of this slender work. In press endorsements, the New York Observer, March 11, 1852, offered the following: ‘It is the first work of the kind that has been published, and being from the pen of a bona fide traveler, is doubtless correct. No one should venture across the desert without it.’” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 105: “Important guide with detailed information on the trans-plains route. Used by many immigrant parties.” ($9,000-14,000) More>>

102. [MAP]. HUTAWA, Julius. Pocket map:Map: Map of Mexico & California Compiled from the Latest Authorities by Juls. Hutawa Lithr. Second St. 45 St. Louis, Mo. 2nd. Edition 1863 [edition statement altered on plates, 1863 and New Mexico overprinted].  “Fourth issue” (according to Streeter Sale 180). Although not originally intended, apparently, for the Forty-Niners, the 1848 edition would have been a serviceable addition to such a person’s travel guides. The map seems clearly intended for use as something of a vade mecum for the western traveller and miner. Julius Hutawa, among the early German immigrants to Saint Louis, Missouri, arrived with the Berlin Society in 1833 with his brother Edward. The brothers engaged in lithography and publishing, and among the maps created by Julius were Frémont and Nicollet’s Map of the City of St. Louis (1846; see Peters, America on Stone, p. 2287), Map and Profile Sections Showing Railroads of the United States (1849), Map of the United States Showing the Principal Steamboat Routes and Projected Railroads Connecting with St. Louis (1854), etc. (see Tooley). The brothers also published city views. No copy at auction since 1992. ($2,500-5,000) More>>

103. [MAP]. JACKSON, William A. Pocket map with text: Text: JACKSON, William A. Appendix to Jackson’s Map of the Mining Districts of California. Bringing down All the Discoveries since 1849, to the Present Time, of the Placers and All Descriptions of Vein Mines, to Which So Much Attention is at This Time Directed. New-York: Lambert & Lane, 1851. Map: Map of the Mining District of California by Wm. A. Jackson.Published by Lambert & Lane 69 Wall St. New York. Lithograph map within ornamental border, original full color, folding into cover. Second edition, revised and enlarged from the 1850 first edition. One of the additions to the guide in this second edition is Jackson’s sobering caution: “We could advise any one who is doing well at home, not to venture to California” (p. 15). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 358b: “Jackson produced this appendix to the map ‘to give a short description of the towns and their locations, also a general account of the Mines— their importance—the mode of working pursued....’ According to Thomas Norris, only two copies of the map have been found. Howell noted: ‘The map indicates the rapid growth of roads and trails, and of bars and diggings, some of the latter being named for the first time.’ In the second and revised edition, the text has been considerably rewritten and enlarged. New cities are added, such as Vallejo, Marysville, Martinez, Santa Cruz, Agua Fria, and Mariposa City. Jackson added new sections on the placers or alluvial mines; veins of gold-bearing quartz; silver and lead mines; cinnabar mines; and agriculture. Jackson concluded with the warning that California is not for everyone.” ($10,000-$20,000) More>>

104. [MAP]. JEFFERSON, T. H. Map of the Emigrant Road from Independence, Mo., to St. Francisco, California...with an Introduction and Notes by George R. Stewart. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1945. Very fine (300 copies printed). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 359b: “T. H. Jefferson states he was ‘one of the party of emigrants who travelled the road with wagons in 1846.’ No doubt, he published this map and guide to appeal to gold seekers.” Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 101. ($200-400) More>>

105. [MAP]. MITCHELL, Samuel Augustus. Pocket map with text: Text: Accompaniment To Mitchell’s New Map of Texas, Oregon, And California, with The Regions Adjoining Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846. Generally fine and bright. Pencil ownership inscription of California bibliographer Carl I. Wheat dated 1933. Map: A New Map of Texas Oregon And California With The Regions Adjoining. Compiled from the most recent authorities. Philadelphia Published by S. Augustus Mitchell N. E. Corner Of Market & Seventh Streets. Lithograph map within pink ornamental border, on bank note paper, original full color (boundaries in outline shading, Western regions, Baja California, Texas, and border in wash), Very fine. Quality of coloring in this map varies considerably, but this copy is skillfully colored, with good color retention. Cohen, Mapping the West, pp. 134-135: “Mitchell’s `New Map of Texas, Oregon and California’ was the most popular of the West published up to that time, and in many ways it defined the American public’s view of the country’s changing geography.” Wheat, Maps of the Gold Region 29, pp. xv-xvi. This map and its accompanying emigrant guide have been widely and frequently praised as the most accurate and current information then available in separate cartographic form for the regions shown. The map also shows an early depiction of Texas as a state of the Union, complete with all its extravagant territorial claims, including a Panhandle that stretches north to the 42nd parallel and a border on the Rio Grande. This map has been updated, however, to show Texas divided into counties instead of empresario grants. Texas, the success of which Mitchell clearly wishes to promote, is made to sound like an earthly paradise. ($12,000-20,000) More>>

106. [MAP]. MITCHELL, Samuel Augustus. Pocket map with text: Text: MITCHELL, Samuel Augustus. Description of Oregon and California, Embracing an Account of the Gold Regions; To Which Is Added, An Appendix, Containing Descriptions of Various Kinds of Gold, and Methods of Testing Its Genuineness. Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1849. Map: A New Map of Texas Oregon and California with the Regions Adjoining. Compiled from the Most Recent Authorities. Philadelphia Published by Thomas Cowperthwait & Co., 1849. Lithograph map within plain ruled border, on bank note paper, original full color.  Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 143. Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 108 & pp. xxvi-xxvii. The text of the guide covers “Oregon And California,” “Oregon Territory,” “Upper Or New California,” and “Appendix.”  Considerable attention is given to physical features of the country, flora and fauna, Native Americans, and history. Practical directions to the potential emigrant are provided, with repeated admonitions to travel overland in armed groups. The map is from the same plate as that used to print Mitchell’s 1846 map by the same title. The map is something of a vade mecum for the Forty-Niner. Kurutz,The California Gold Rush 447b: “Mitchell’s guide published much of the standard information on California, including its history, and pre-1848 inhabitants. Mitchell also published advice on routes to California, including five by way of Central America. The guide also contained government reports as well as a California circular under the heading of ‘Ho! For California.’ The appendix consisted of ‘Description of gold in its various states— methods of testing.’” ($7,500-15,000) More>>

107. [MAP]. KEELER, J. M. Pocket map: Map: Mining Map of Inyo County Scale 12 miles to an inch; [between neat line and border, at lower right]: Lith. Britton & Rey. Exceptionally fine. Though issued well after the Gold Rush, this map and its accompanying text emphasize the ore that has been found in the county and the fact that gold mining is still a viable industry there. As is typical with many later publications seeking to promote areas in California, the emphasis has shifted somewhat to recreation, natural resources, and other advantages to be found in Inyo County, which is today well known for containing the both the highest and lowest points in the lower forty-eight states. The little view of Mount Whitney is striking. ($1,500-3,000) More>>

108. MARRYAT, Frank [Samuel Francis]. Mountains and Molehills; or, Recollections of a Burnt Journal...with Illustrations by the Author. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1855. Increasingly difficult to find in original cloth. First edition. Cowan I, pp. 150-51: “An entertaining work, and greatly superior to the New York edition of the same year. The colored lithographs...depicting California life and scenes, are the most attractive prints of that period.” Zamorano 80 #52.  British writer, artist, and sailor Frank Marryat must be credited with writing one of the most entertaining, fast-moving, humorous, and colorful descriptions of Gold Rush California. Mountains and Molehills is one of the real showpieces of California literature. His powers of description are utterly entrancing and can only be matched by Bayard Taylor and John D. Borthwick. Unlike reporter Taylor, he was not an observer but a full participant in this cauldron of chaos. Brilliantly written and illustrated, his book, along with a handful of others, forever shaped the perception of the greatest gold rush in world history. ($750-1,500) More>>

109. [METLAR, George W.]. Northern California, Scott & Klamath Rivers, their Inhabitants and Characteristics—Its Historical Features—Arrival of Scott and His Friends—Mining Interests.... Yreka: Union Printing Office, [1856]. Exceedingly rare and little known. Greenwood, California Imprints 713: “The first known pamphlet printed in Yreka. Tells of the gold discovery on the Scott River, at Scott’s Bar, Siuskiyou county. The pamphlet was probably printed for distribution to miners in the immediate vicinity of the Scott River mines.” The author shows considerable sympathy for the plight of Native Americans, who he believes have been mistreated by the United States and in “little time the race of the red men will have become extinct—their career will be closed forever.” On the other hand, his denunciation of the British is extreme and his characterization of Mexico even worse. His final remarks on San Francisco are extremely flattering, and he predicts great prosperity for the city, although it is “cursed with fleas.” This is a classic of booster literature. ($18,000-36,000) More>>

110. MEYER, Carl. Nach dem Sacramento. Reisebilder eines Heimgekehrten von Carl Meyer. Aarau: H. R. Sauerländer, 1855. An exceptionally fine copy—it would be difficult to find a better one. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 439a: “Born in Germany, Meyer left for New Orleans in February 1849 bound for the Isthmus of Panama.... Meyer must be credited with providing some of the strongest ‘word pictures’ of the Gold Rush. His summaries of the last vestiges of Mexican California are all choice. His descriptions encompass a Mexican caravan on its way to the Mariposa diggings, geology of the region, gold mining camps, San Francisco, Indians, river steamers, and bull and bear fights in Sacramento.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 140. ($750-1,500) More>>

111. MILLER, Joaquin [Cincinnatus Hiner]. '49 The Gold-Seeker of the Sierras. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1884. Original tan decorated paper wrappers printed in red and black. Exceptionally fine. BAL 13799 (paper issue, with priority over cloth). Miller states in the preface that General Sutter first suggested that Miller write this sentimental novel about the first California gold miners. ($150-300) More>>

112. MINING AND SCIENTIFIC PRESS. Mining and Scientific Press and Pacific Electrical Review. No. 1960, Volume LXXVII, Number 5. San Francisco, Saturday Jan. 29th 1898. Overall a very good copy, back wrap with contemporary pink printed mailing label to “31983 Sonora Land and Mining Abstract Bureau. sent 28 ’98.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 142: “Here is Ross Browne’s article on ‘The Mother Lode,’ an article on ‘Origin of the California Stamp [Mill],’ and another on ‘Recollections of California Mining Life’ (apparently a reprint of De Groot’s earlier work) illustrated with many woodcuts. In another article the date of the gold discovery is declared to have been January 19, 1848, and Marshall is quoted at length to that effect.” ($600-1,200) More>>

113. MÜLLER, J. Das Goldland Californien, oder: Bleib’ im Lande und Arbeite Fleissig. Eine kleine Schilderung Californiens und der Gefahren, Welche dem Einwanderer Drohen, nebst der Erzählung von dem Traurigen Schicksale eines Deutschen Auswanderers. Leitmeritz: C. W. Medau, 1850. With 6 untitled engravings on 3 leaves; generally an exceptionally fine copy in as-issued condition.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 456a: “After a brief overview of America, Müller began California: Land of Gold or Stay at Home and Work Hard with a business-like look at California history, the gold discovery, mining life, equipment, weather conditions, and routes to California. The second portion is the pitiful story of Friedrich Berwick, a master joiner from Germany, and his unfortunate experiences as a gold seeker. Müller writes: ‘...the following story is told of a German emigrant to America as a warning to other emigrants to America, young readers, and everyone else who has a great longing to suddenly leave their dear fatherland that has always given them and their families everything they needed.’” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 92n. ($4,000-8,000) More>>

  114. [ORTON, A. R. (attributed)]. Two Eras in the Life of the Felon Grovenor I. Layton. Who Was Lynched by the Vigilance Committee, at Sonora, Tuolumne County, California, June 17th, 1852. For Robbery, Murder, and Arson, He Having Robbed Three Chilians [sic], Two Men and One Woman, of Ten Thousand Dollars in Gold Dust, at Mormon Gulch, Murdered and Burned Them, Together with Their Cabin, May 28th, 1852. New Orleans, Charleston, Baltimore, and Philadelphia: Published by A. R. Orton, 1853. Original yellow pictorial wrappers. Second edition.  In the introduction to the 1998 Book Club of California edition, editor Richard Dillon describes the work as “the best-written book in terms of seeming authenticity.” Popular culture, early Gold Field fiction, interesting insights on attitudes toward Chileans in the Gold Rush, and a rare outlaw item in collector’s condition. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 641b. ($3,000-6,000) More>>

 115. PARSONS, George Frederic. Life and Adventures of James W. Marshall, the Discoverer of Gold in California. Sacramento: James W. Marshall and W. Burke, 1870. Howes P105. “One of the most important works on California history.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 483a: “Parsons’ biography has been called one of the most important works of California history. Gold Rush historian Rodman Paul wrote: ‘The volume was not an autobiography, but it came close to being such....’ The purpose of the book was to win support for a petition to the legislature to grant Marshall a pension. It may have also been a means to gain interest in the discoverer's lecture tours.” Streeter Sale 2927: “This book is essential to a study of the Bear Flag Revolution and the gold discovery.” ($200-400) More>>

116. PATTERSON, Lawson B. Twelve Years in the Mines of California; Embracing a General View of the Gold Region, with Practical Observations on Hill, Placer, and Quartz Diggings; and Notes on the Origin of Gold Deposits. Cambridge: Miles and Dillingham, 1862.     Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 481. Streeter Sale 2876: “This is a short, clear and unemotional and in all respects quite a satisfactory account of gold mining in that part of the gold region included within the limits of Patterson’s survey.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 154: “Observations of permanent import.” ($250-500) More>>

117. [PECK, George Washington]. Aurifodina; or, Adventures in the Gold Region. By Cantell A. Bigly. New York: Baker and Scribner, 1849. Given the fragile format of boards, a very good copy.  Briefly stated, the author on his way east to Santa Fe stumbles upon an advanced civilization, with a capital named Aurum. After depicting his happy adventures there, he is blown east to Kentucky when his observation balloon’s tether breaks. He decides against trying to return west, and with that the story ends. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 490a: “Peck’s book has the distinction of being the first novel based on the Gold Rush. He copyrighted the work on February 1, 1849. The setting created by Peck is the mythical city of “Aurum,” situated in the Sierra Nevada.” ($750-1,500) More>>

118. READ, J[ames] A. & D[onald] F. Read (illustrators). Journey to the Gold Diggins by Jeremiah Saddlebags. Illustrated by J. A. & D. F.Read. Cincinnati: U. P. James,  [1849]. Overall very fine, the interior clean and fresh.     Streeter Sale 2591: “Jeremiah Saddlebags underwent every possible mishap in this classic spoof of the adventurers of the Forty-Niner.” The illustrations by James A. and Donald F. Read are among the earliest caricatures in American literature of the forty-niners. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 524a. ($10,000-20,000) More>>

119. REVERE, Joseph Warren. A Tour of Duty in California; Including a Description of the Gold Region: And an Account of the Voyage around Cape Horn; with Notices of Lower California, the Gulf and Pacific Coasts, and the Principal Events Attending the Conquest of the Californias.... New York: C. S. Francis & Co.; Boston: J. H. Francis, 1849. Hill II:1439: “His book is one of the outstanding authorities on the period of the conquest, and his descriptions of California and the Gold Regions are among the best.” Zamorano 80 #63: “One of the best descriptions of California and the Gold Rush.”  Despite the fantastic reports he heard, Revere worried about the effect of gold fever on the moral fiber of California, writing: ‘She is without government, without laws, without a military force, while tens of thousands of adventurers from all parts of the earth are pouring into her golden valleys...[and they] will be transformed by the evil spirit of avarice...into knaves and men of violence.’”  As demonstrated by the six beautifully tinted lithographs that grace the work, Revere was an artist of ability. They are a fine portrayal of pastoral California. In addition, his publisher supplied a map by Revere entitled Harbour of San Francisco Sketched from Beechey’s Survey. ($500-1,000) More>>

120. ROBINSON, Fayette. California and Its Gold Regions; With a Geographical and Topographical View of the Country, Its Mineral and Agricultural Resources. Prepared from Official and Other Authentic Documents; With a Map of the U. States and California, Showing the Routes of the U. S. Mail Steam Packets to California, also the Various Overland Routes. New York: Stringer & Townsend, 222 Broadway, 1849. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 168: “One of the best of the earliest books on California printed for sale to intending goldseekers.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 539b: “The excellent map is important for delineating the various sea and overland routes to California. On the map and one of the small insets, the gold region is tinted in yellow. The back wrappers carries an interesting publisher’s blurb promoting the purchase of books by emigrants as a means to relieve the tedium of the voyage or journey. Stringer and Townsend also advocated selling books in California, as ‘they eat nothing, not do they spoil, and they will be sold at prices that will insure to the dealer a profit of from three to five hundred percent.’” ($5,000-10,000) More>>

121. ROYCE, Josiah. California from the Conquest in 1846 to the Second Vigilance Committee in San Francisco: A Study of American Character. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, The Riverside Press, Cambridge, 1886. Cowan I, p. 196: “Entirely free from the complexities of thought and style that too frequently attend a work of this kind. This study by Mr. Royce has long since become a pleasing classic and an authority of value upon the history of this state.” Zamorano 80 #66.  When Houghton Mifflin published Royce’s moralistic history, it did not receive the applause the author expected. San Franciscans and those who enshrined the romance of the golden era did not much appreciate his frank appraisal. The Overland Monthly ran an unsigned review that excoriated his book while others simply ignored the work. Royce, however, did receive high praise from Henry L. Oak, the principal author of Bancroft’s History of California. Despite the book’s poor initial reception, it has long been recognized as seminal work, a work that awakened California to its true history. ($150-300) More>>

122. RYAN, William Redmond. Personal Adventures in Upper and Lower California, in 1848-9; With the Author’s Experience at the Mines. Illustrated by Twenty-Three Drawings. London: William Shoberl, 1850. Overall a good copy, the plates very fine.   Cowan II, p. 547: “The charming narrative of an artist and bohemian who left unrecorded but little that he saw. His descriptions are among the best of his time.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 173. The lovely plates are based on Ryan’s own drawings. The woodcuts were executed by E. V. Campbell, and the lithographs by Robert Jacob Hamerton. For liveliness and freshness of both literary style and observation, this is a difficult book to surpass for the period. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 548b: “The adventurer quickly found that trading pistols and rifles reaped a much greater and less strenuous reward than mining. Consequently, his opinion of mining was negative. Cowan calls this title ‘the charming narrative of an artist and bohemian who left unrecorded but little that he saw. The plates by Ryan furnish the reader with some of the best contemporary views of mining, cities, pueblos, and daily life in California.’” ($1,000-2,000) More>>

123. SAINT-AMANT, [Pierre Charles Fournier]. Guide pour les Voyageurs. Route de la Californie a travers l'Isthme de Panama. Extrait du Voyage d'Exploration en Californie et en Orégon, Entrepris, en 1851-1852, sur l'Ordre du Gouvernement Français, par M. Saint-Amant.... Paris: Librairie de L. Maison, 1853. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 551. The present work is a vade mecum for French travellers going to California via Panama. Saint-Amant was French consul to Sacramento and worked tirelessly to promote French emigration to the state and to document the activities of French citizens already there. In addition to his other accomplishments, he was wine merchant, explorer, clerk, actor, and world chess champion. ($500-1,000) More>>

124. SAINT-AMANT, [Pierre Charles Fournier] de. Voyages en Californie et dans l’Orégonpar M. de Saint-Amant Envoyé du Gouvernement Français, en 1851-1852. Paris: L. Maison, 1854. Except for light scattered foxing, very fine, mostly unopened. The Henry H. Clifford copy. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 552. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 174 (cited as being of special importance): “Written by an official observer, this was the most extensive French work of the period on California, and much of it deserves translation.” ($500-1,000) More>>

125. [SAN FRANCISCO COMMITTEE OF VIGILANCE]. “Be Just and Fear Not.” Fiat Justicia, Ruat Coelum. Self Preservation, the First Law of Man [lower left in stone]: Designed & Drawn by Chas. Nahl [lower right in stone]: Lithy of Britton & Rey, S. F. San Francisco: Britton & Rey, [after May 15, 1856]. Lithographed form accomplished in manuscript and with Committee embossed seal, appointing Edward C. Nickels as member 6008 of the Committee; signed by William Coleman, Isaac Bluxome, Jules David, and Charles Doane. Overall, an excellent copy of a remarkable survival. Going quiescent in 1851 after restoring some order in San Francisco by means of a few prominent lynchings, the Committee of Vigilance roared back to life on May 14, 1856, following the back-to-back murders of William H. Richardson by Charles Cora and of James King of William by James Casey. A few days after they reorganized, they seized Cory and King from jail, tried them, and hanged them both publicly together on May 22. On August 18, the Committee again disbanded. This form is an indication of the continuing violence and lawlessness that plagued California as the world rushed in. The first Vigilance Committee was organized in San Francisco in 1851 during the Gold Rush to try and punish speedily robberies and arson by the Sydney Ducks. ($1,500-3,000) More>>

126. SEYD, Ernest. California and Its Resources. A Work for the Merchant, the Capitalist, and the Emigrant. London: Trübner, 1858. Generally the text is very clean and the plates fresh and bright with excellent coloring. Currey & Kruska, Yosemite, 296: “The two Yosemite views...were derived from sketches made by Thomas A. Ayres in 1855.... These illustrations appear to be the first views of Yosemite Valley to be published in a book.” Howell, California 50:832: “One of the best books on the resources of California, with much historical material on the Vigilance Committee.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 181: “Reports on mining and kindred pursuits for prospective immigrants, with illustrations of much Gold Rush significance.” ($1,500-3,000) More>>

127. SHAW, Pringle. Ramblings in California; Containing a Description of the Country, Life at the Mines, State of Society, &c. Interspersed with Characteristic Anecdotes, and Sketches from Life, Being the Five Years’ Experience of a Gold Digger. Toronto: James Bain, [1856]. Shaw spent five years in California and provides valuable descriptions of the variety of ethnic types and the cities and towns, characterizing San Diego as “a favorite resort for horse stealers and suspicious looking greasers...chiefly from its remoteness and the uncertain communication with the more civilized districts.... [The climate resembles] the balmiest portions of Italy.... In ’54, but one physician existed in the place, and he died of a broken-heart, occasioned, it was said, by a want of practice. He complained…of the citizens’ obstinacy in adhering to robust health.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 570: “In the preface, this Canadian wrote: ‘My business in California, was a gold speculation; and there, on the banks of the Yellow Yuba, and many other streams, I dug deep holes, and made—not exactly my pile—but my observations on men and things... I shall not so much regret that I prospected as faithfully for dry jokes, as wiser men did for dry diggings.’ Shaw, through this detailed volume, attempted to convey to the reader a true sense of what to expect in California. He included a fine account of the varied types of people found, with emphasis on the Chinese. He also added an elaborate depiction of mining methods and a general portrait of all the California counties, missions, and agricultural resources.” ($1,000-2,000) More>>

128. SHELDON, Mark. Mark Sheldon An Autobiographical Sketch. San Francisco: The Murdock Press, [ca. 1913].  Anderson 1604:21: “Very scarce. Only a few copies privately printed for the family. The author arrived in San Francisco in 1851. Contains an account of the early mining days.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 573: “A small portion of this privately-printed work covers the Gold Rush. Mark Sheldon of Watertown, New York, began his trip to meet his brother in the California gold country. On July 7, 1851, he left New York City on board the steamer Empire City on July 12, reached Aspinwall, crossed the Isthmus of Panama, boarded the steamship Panama, and arrived in San Francisco on August 19. From there, he took a steamer to Sacramento and thence to Mokelumne Hill. Sheldon worked various mining claims, making anywhere from $6.00 to $16.00 a day. He then became a secretary and paymaster for a Plumas County quartz mill owned by George W. Schultz. In early 1853, Sheldon moved to San Francisco and entered the marketing business.” ($500-1,000) More>>

129. SMITH, W[illiam] C. S. A Journey to California in 1849. [Napa, ca. 1925]. 36 pp. 8vo, original blue printed wrappers with vignette of ship on upper cover, original staples. Just the slightest marginal browning to wraps, else very fine. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 589a: “On January 15, 1849, Smith sailed from New York on the barque Eugenia and landed at Vera Cruz, Mexico. His party consisted of twenty-one men, including eight or ten Vermonters, three Frenchmen and a ‘lot of broken merchants from New York.’ From Vera Cruz, they followed the Mexican National Road to Mexico City, and then to Guadalajara. At San Blas, Smith boarded the whaler Mary Frances and sailed north to Cabo San Lucas, Baja California. At this point, Smith left the ship and made a difficult and exhausting walk up the peninsula to San Diego, arriving on June 11, 1849. From there, he proceeded to San Francisco.” ($500-1,000) More>>

130. SOULÉ, Frank, John H. Gihon & James Nisbet. The Annals of San Francisco; Containing a Summary of the History of the First Discovery, Settlement, Progress, and Present Condition of California, and a Complete History of All the Important Events Connected with Its Great City: To Which Are Added, Biographical Memoirs of Some Prominent Citizens. New York: D. Appleton; San Francisco; London, 1855. Overall a good to very good copy. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 594: “Supplies much information on mining and its impact on this instant city.” Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 798n: “Among the most important Western maps.... One very enterprising feature for so early a map is a dotted-line (if unlabeled) showing the Gadsden Purchase boundary.” Zamorano 80 #70.  One of the glories of The Annals is its text illustrations and plates, some based on daguerreotypes by J. M. Ford. They form one of the best pictorial records of Gold Rush California and have since been reproduced many times. ($250-500) More>>

131. SPEER, William. An Humble Plea, Addressed to the Legislature of California, in Behalf of the Immigrants from the Empire of China to this State. By the Rev. William Speer. San Francisco: Published at the Office of the Oriental, 1856. Speer, the first Presbyterian missionary to work in China and organizer of the first Chinese church in the Western hemisphere, arrived in San Francisco in 1852 and established a weekly Chinese-English newspaper. Here he points out that the Chinese are vital sources of labor in mining and other industries. He argues that the mining fees charged them be reduced to match that of every other miner and that the capitation tax on newly arrived immigrants also be lowered. In conclusion Rev. Speer states: “I can scarce hope for success as a minister of the gospel in leading them to adore our God, or love our Savior, as long as the present state of things continues.” ($400-800) More>>

132. STEELE, John. In Camp and Cabin. Mining Life and Adventure, in California during 1850 and Later. By Rev. John Steele, Author of “Across the Plains in 1850,” and “The Schoolmates, an Epic of the War of 1861-5.” Lodi: Published by J. Steele, 1901.  Adams, Guns 2130 (noting rarity and presence of material on Joaquín Murieta). Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 598: “This detailed and important account of mining life is a sequel to Across the Plains. The three years of mining experience portrayed in this book was based on Steele’s daily journal. Steele published the book fifty years after the adventure. The diary began on September 23, 1850, and ended late in July 1853, with his return to Wisconsin. While trying to depart from San Francisco, he recorded how his two pistols saved him from being robbed.” ($1,500-$3,000) More>>

133. STIRLING, Patrick James. The Australian and Californian Gold Discoveries, and Their Probable Consequences; or, an Inquiry into the Laws which Determine the Value and Distribution of the Precious Metals....  Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd, Tweeddale Court, 1853. This is one of the few early works linking the California and Australian gold discoveries and the possible consequences to the international economy. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 606a. ($300-600) More>>

134. [STONE, John A.]. Put’s Golden Songster. Containing the Largest and Most Popular Collection of California Songs Ever Published. By the Author of “Put’s Original California Songster.” San Francisco: D. E. Appleton & Co., [1858]. Overall, a fine copy of a fragile item. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 162: “Much of the flavor of the gold days, as well as the era’s pathos and humor, pervades these ephemeral little publications.” ($200-400) More>>

135. STUART, J. C. Autograph letter signed to J. Condley, dated at Sacramento, December 18, 1850. 2 pp., folio. Gold Rush letter from a provisioner. Describing some of his travails he comments: “I have mad som money her & lost somthing. Last weak I had Boath my horses stollen, thats a comon thing her, stealying horses & mules.” He concludes: “California is not what we expected but I think I can make anough her to ansser my purpos.” He advises his correspondent against sending his sons to California. ($300-600) More>>

136. SWASEY, W[illiam] F. The Early Days and Men of California by W. F. Swasey. Oakland: Pacific Press Publishing Company; San Francisco, New York and London, 1891. Zamorano 80 #72. Captain Swasey possessed firsthand knowledge of significant early events and personally knew many of the California pioneers described in this fact-filled book. He was often at the right place and the right time. Although written many years later, his book shows reliability, self-assurance, and polish. Swasey developed several excellent chapters on the American conquest of Alta California. As a member of the California Battalion, he participated in and observed many of the key events and, in his narrative history, wrote with the satisfaction of the victor. The main portion of Swasey’s work is devoted to short sketches of sixty-one pre–Gold Rush pioneers and two dozen Argonauts. ($750-1,500) More>>

137. TAYLOR, Bayard. Eldorado, or, Adventures in the Path of Empire: Comprising a Voyage to California, via Panama; Life in San Francisco and Monterey; Pictures of the Gold Region, and Experiences of Mexican Travel. New York: George P. Putnam; London: Richard Bentley, 1850. Libros Californianos: “His chronicle of the voyage to California via Panama is the best in print, and his chapters dealing with the constitutional convention at Monterey in 1849 are unexcelled”. Zamorano 80 #73. Robert Glass Cleland, in the introduction to the Borzoi edition of this two-volume opus, wrote: “This work by an eminent writer and artist is probably the outstanding book on the early Gold Rush in California.” Dale Morgan provided this critique: “The chief defect of his narrative is its point of view, that of a detached observer rather than that of a participant.” While Morgan may be correct, Taylor’s command of the language and the scenes he witnessed make Eldorado one of California’s greatest books. Only J. D. Borthwick’s Three Years in California (q.v.) exceeds this as a Gold Rush narrative and only because the Scotsman actually worked a claim. Attesting to the staying power of Eldorado, it is still in print and has probably been reprinted more times than any other book on California history. ($1,000-2,000) More>>

138. TAYLOR, Clotilde G. (editor). Dear Family: The Story of the Lives of Charles and Clotilde Grunsky 1823-1891 As Revealed in Diaries and in Their Letters to Their Respective Families. [Berkeley, 1955]. Reproduced from a typewritten copy. Very rare. Originally written in German, these letters tell the story of Charles and Clotilde Grunsky, who emigrated from Germany to California during the Gold Rush, settling in Stockton, where they lived the rest of their lives. ($200-400) More>>

139. [THOMPSON & WEST (publishers)]. [WELLS, Henry Laurenz (compiler)]. History of Nevada County California with Illustrations Descriptive of Its Scenery, Residences, Public Buildings, Fine Blocks, and Manufactories. From Original Sketches by Artisans of the Highest Ability. Oakland: Thompson & West, 1880. This copy is in wonderful condition for such an unwieldy book, usually found in dilapidated condition and missing plates or the map. The text at pp. 38-40 and the two accompanying plates concern the Donner Party. The plate entitled “Arrival of the Relief Party” is especially dramatic, showing two figures crawling from beneath their snow-covered shelters. Thompson & West published encyclopedic histories of counties and their development, with highly inclusive surveys of every aspect of a region from early history to the time of publication. What makes the Thompson & West histories so appealing are the many lithographic plates of scenes of urban and rural life, rather than the usual array of pioneer portraits so prevalent in many county histories. These Thompson & West Victorian images, often idyllic and nostalgic to the modern eye, provide superb documentary details of architecture, street scenes, homes, farms, ranches, businesses, transportation, material culture, and social history. ($2,400-3,600) More>>

140. THORNTON, J[essy] Quinn. Oregon and California in 1848: By J. Quinn Thornton, Late Judge of the Supreme Court of Oregon, and Corresponding Member of the American Institute. With an Appendix, including Recent and Authentic Information on the Subject of the Gold Mines of California, and other Valuable Matter of Interest to the Emigrant, etc. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1849. Overall a very good copy, much better than usually found. First edition, containing the first printed account of the Donner Party. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 632a. Zamorano 80 #74: “Thornton was one of the real pioneers of Oregon and California, arriving in Oregon in 1846. He has always been considered a good authority and this work is among the best of the times.” Colton’s large and handsome Map of California, Oregon, Texas, and the Territories Adjoining with Routes &c. is among the best of the commercial maps rushed to press in 1849 to meet the clamor for details on the route to California and location of the gold fields. From the viewpoint of California history, the most important feature of Thornton’s work is his lengthy, dramatic history of the Donner Party tragedy. The stylized engravings based on drawings by J. Halpin are the earliest published illustrations of the tragedy, and, naturally, have been reproduced innumerable times.The folding lithographic map of the gold regions, western territories, and routes by J. H. Colton is one of the most famous from the Gold Rush era. ($2,500-5,000) More>>

141. TRASK, John B[oardman]. 4 reports: 4 vols., 8vo, later pale green boards with printed paper spine labels. Except for occasional foxing and browning, very fine.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 636n. First editions of four very early scientific reports on California mineral resources and geology, including detailed listings of mines in operation with statistics history of various mines, and other valuable documentation not found elsewhere. While not so riveting as a pocket map of the Gold Rush or a book like Marryat’s graced with alluring iconography, these somewhat early California imprints are highly significant for their date and content. In some cases, the content extends beyond geologic considerations, such as Trask’s discussion of the “Present Government of Metallic Veins” in the report for 1854, in which he explores placing all mining operations under the aegis of the State, with a brief history of the Spanish and Mexican ordenanzas de minería. To locate all four of these early reports together is a feat, given their scarcity in commerce. ($750-1,500) More>>

142. TRÉNY. La Californie Dévoilée, ou Vérités Irrécusables Appuyées sur de Nombreux Témoinages sur Cette Partie du Globe. Par Trény. Deuxième Édition. Paris: Chez Tous les Libraires, 1850. Overall fine, original condition, clean, uncut and unopened. Second edition. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 637b. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 210: “Significant pamphlet.” A propaganda publication of the Compagnie la Californienne of Paris, this work is uniformly flattering of California, the emigrant’s prospects there, and the company’s ability to assist. Valued because it contains matter not normally found in such French publications, especially translations from English-language newspapers. ($1,500-3,000) More>>

143. TUCKER, J[oseph] C[larence]. To the Golden Goal, and Other Sketches. San Francisco: William Doxey, 1895. Limited to 50 copies. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 639: “Tucker's account is significant for its summary of the Gold Lake excitement, Sacramento in the fall and winter of 1850, hunting in California, and Tucker's escapade as a filibusterer in Nicaragua and Guatemala. The good physician returned to California in 1859 via the Butterfield Overland Stage. This reminiscence contains a list of those he sailed with in 1849.” ($500-1,000) More>>

144. TYSON, James. Diary of a Physician in California; being the Results of Actual Experience, including Notes of the Journey by Land and Water, and Observations on the Climate, Soil, Resources of the Country, etc. New York: D. Appleton & Company; Philadelphia: G. S. Appleton,  1850.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 642a: “Tyson’s book is important in that it not only described his adventure, but also included advice on how to stay healthy for those crossing the Isthmus or working in the mines.” Streeter Sale 2656: “One of the best contemporary accounts in print of travels to the northern mines of California and of life there in the summer of 1849. To anyone interested in maps, his thumbnail sketches of New York on the Pacific, ‘without a house or tent visible,’ of Sacramento, ‘a few stores and houses,’ of the Johnson Ranch and Vernon and other places, are distinctly worthwhile.” Because he was a professional physician, his remarks are the first substantial ones by such a person aimed at protecting the health of immigrants and miners. ($1,200-2,400) More>>

145. TYSON, Philip Thomas. Geology and Industrial Resources of California.... To Which is Added, the Official Reports of Genls. Persifer F. Smith and B. Riley—including the Reports of Lieuts. Talbot, Ord, Derby and Williamson, of Their Explorations in California and Oregon; and also of Their Examinations of Routes for Rail Road Communication Eastward from those Countries. Baltimore: Wm. Minifie & Co., 1851. Overall a very fine copy. Author’s signed penciled presentation inscription on front fly leaf to Col. J. J. Abert’s, with the latter’s ink ownership inscription on front pastedown. Huntington Sale 1698: “The most important work relating to California that had up to this time appeared. It contains a minute account of the mines and mineral resources in general, lands, land titles, routes, etc. Also the official reports of Generals P. F. Smith, and B. Riley, Lieuts. Talbot, Ord, Derby and Williamson, of their explorations in California and Oregon.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 643b. ($2,500-5,000) More>>

146. UNITED STATES. PRESIDENT (Zachary Taylor). California and New Mexico. Message from the President of the United States, Transmitting Information in Answer to a Resolution of the House of the 31st of December, 1849, on the Subject of California and New Mexico. [Washington, 1850]. This thick government compendium contains a wealth of information on the annexation of Alta California by the United States, the changeover from Mexican to American rule, the transition from military to civilian government, and the earliest days of the Gold Rush. It systematically documents the work of the federal government in the newly won territory from 1847 to 1849. Arguably, these were the most important years in California history and no single publication provides as much raw data as does House Executive Document No. 17. When rumors of a great gold discovery reached military headquarters in Monterey, the government dispatched officers to investigate the commotion. Because their reports and maps are included in this federal publication, it necessarily becomes one of the essential works on the Gold Rush. The most important and influential of these is Colonel Richard B. Mason’s famous report on his tour of the gold fields dated August 17, 1848. Vividly written, it is one of the earliest accounts to describe the effects of gold fever on the local population and one of the first to mention the use of that great symbol of the Argonauts, the cradle or “rocker.” Zamorano 80 #14. ($1,000-2,000) More>>

147. UNITED STATES. SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR. Report of the Secretary of the Interior, Communicating, in Compliance with a Resolutionof the Senate, the Correspondence between the Indian Office and the Present Superintendents and Agents in California, and J. Ross Browne, Esq., together with the Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Inclosing the Same to the Department. [Washington, ca. 1860]. Very fine. Rare in commerce. The report was based on the investigations of J. Ross Browne, a prominent political and literary figure in the California Gold Rush era and beyond, whose writings influenced both Samuel L. Clemens and Herman Melville. Although not specifically concerned with the Gold Rush, this devastating review of the way Native Americans had fared in California in the decade following reports little but desolation, destruction, dissolution, murder, and mayhem. Surveying each reservation individually, Browne concludes that the government’s charges are not prospering on any of them, and indeed are being made miserable by the very agents supposed to help them. ($200-400) More>>

148. UPHAM, Samuel C[urtiss]. Notes of a Voyage to California via Cape Horn, Together with Scenes in El Dorado, in the Years 1849-’50. With an Appendix Containing Reminiscences of Pioneer Journalism in California.... Philadelphia: Published by the Author, 1878. Overall a very good copy of a book usually found out of its binding or rebacked, due to the heavy book block. Howell, California 50:888: “Provides much information about the early history of Sacramento, the territorial pioneers, and early California journalism for which there are no other sources.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 647. Zamorano 80 #76.  ($300-600) More>>

  149. VER MEHR, J[ean Leonhard Henri] C[orneille]. Checkered Life: In the Old and New World. By Rev. J. L. Ver Mehr. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft, 1877. Very fine, bright, and fresh, with only minor edge wear. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 650: “A first edition appeared in 1864 without any reference to California. The 1877 Bancroft edition added Part II which provided a superb recollection of an Episcopalian minister trying to win souls in the torrid atmosphere of the early 1850s.” ($50-100) More>>

150. [VIZETELLY, Henry]. Four Months among the Gold-Finders in Alta California: Being the Diary of an Expedition from San Francisco to the Gold DistrictsLondon: David Bogue, 1849. A fabrication so convincingly told that it was widely published in Europe and believed for decades. Given the incredibly skillful and imaginative weaving of detail, dialogue, and incident that the author brings to the work, it is easy to see why many readers were fooled. A singular work that belongs in any fiction collection worthy the name. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 653a: “While Vizetelly had never been to California, he fabricated this convincing account based on other publications and reports. As Graff points out, this fascinating narrative was accepted as fact well into the twentieth century.” ($500-1,000) More>>

151. [VIZETELLY, Henry]. Vier Monate unter den Goldfindern in Obercalifornien. Tagebuch des Englischen Arztes J. Tyrwhitt-Brooks. Nebst Officiellen Regierungsberichten, einigen Angaben aus Amerikanischen Blättern und einem Schlussworte von A. Hamburg: B. S. Berendsohn, 1849. Unopened copy of a Gold Rush rarity. Randall & Windle 8:487: “The most delicious hoax of the Gold Rush.” ($500-1,000) More>>

152. [VOLLMER, Carl Gottfried Wilhelm]. Kalifornien och Guldfebern. Guldgräfvarnes, Mormonernas och Indianernas Seder och Bruk, antecknade under en Resa i Vestra Nordamerika... Stockholm: C. H. Fahlstedts, [1862]. Very fine, plates pristine. Vollmer seems to have been some sort of factotum writing popular natural history. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 655a: “This work served as part of the author’s ‘novels of natural science’ series. ‘Zimmermann’ was his nom-de-plume. The chromolithograph plates are sensational.” Besides the California Gold Rush, the author describes Mormon settlements, Native American tribes (including Comanche, Cherokee, Kiowa, Navajo, Cree), etc. The plates, some of which are reworked from other sources, are interesting for showing European fascination with the American West and its indigenous tribes. ($300-600) More>>

153. [VOLLMER, Carl Gottfried Wilhelm]. Californien und das Goldfieber. Reisen in dem Wilden Westen Nord-Amerika’s, Leben und Sitten der Goldgräber, Mormonen und Indianer den Gebildeten des Deutschen Volkes....  Berlin: Theodor Thiele, 1863. Very fine internally, the plates excellent. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 655b. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 238. Although copied from the versions that appeared in the first edition, the plates here have captions in German, are on a larger scale, more detailed, and much better executed than their originals. In most cases the coloring is also more vivid and imaginative. ($250-500) More>>

154. WAKEMAN, Edgar. The Log of an Ancient Mariner. Being the Life and Adventures of Captain Edgar Wakeman. San Francisco: A. L. Bancroft, 1878. Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 3248: “During his long career, Captain Wakeman became well acquainted with other Pacific ports. For some years he was in and out of South American ports, had stopped in both Samoa and Tahiti, and had been in San Francisco in 1850 and in Australia in 1853.”  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 657. ($200-400) More>>

155. WALTON, Daniel. The Book Needed for the Times, containing the Latest Well-Authenticated Facts from the Gold Regions; also, A Geographical and Historical View of California, with the Different Routes, by Land and Water, and Their Difficulties. A List of Necessary Articles for Those who Go, and the Mode of Sending Letters to and from there....  Boston: Stacy, Richardson, 1849. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 658: “Walton’s guidebook included much useful information, including a long description of San Francisco excerpted from the California Star. Walton mentioned that the paper suspended publication because of the gold discovery. He also cautioned his readers about the lure of California writing: ‘Our opinion is that there is a vast deal of knavery in getting up this gold fever.’ The author quoted a letter of January 13, 1849, from London concerning the gold excitement noting that ‘John Bull has been actually mad, crazy and bewildered.’ He recommended strongly against the Panama Route. The guidebook concluded with his epic poem.” ($5,000-10,000) More>>

156. [WARD, James]. Perils, Pastimes, and Pleasures of an Emigrant in Australia, Vancouver’s Island and California. London: Thomas Cautley Newby, 1849. Eberstadt 115:264: “The author came to California while that country was still the lazy land of missions, dashing caballeros and laughing senoritas. Neither gold nor conquest had yet come to mar the picture. His narrative affords an interesting view of the country as it was during these last days of the old regime, and as it became following the gold discovery. An Appendix of nearly 100 pages is given over to an account of the mining districts, the character of the diggings, the routes thither, etc.” Forbes, Hawaiian National Bibliography 1758: “In the chapter headed Sandwich Islands, the author discusses trade with the Northwest coast and California.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 661. ($750-1,500) More>>

157. [WEBSTER, Kimball]. Author’s untitled holograph manuscript, unsigned, for his published work The Gold Seekers of ’49 published at Manchester in 1917. Undated (but ca. 1916).  With the manuscript is a mint copy of the first edition of the book. This is the fair copy of the manuscript as delivered to the printer. It contains some authorial corrections, including two typescript pages, but has been extensively edited and marked up for typesetting. This manuscript is important because it contains a great deal of text that was stricken and not printed in the published version. So far as is known, this is the only unexpurgated version of the text in existence.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 667 (printed book). ($5,000-10,000) More>>

158. WEIK, Johann. Californien wie es ist oder Handbuch von Californien, mit Besonderer Berücksichtigung für Auswanderer. Von Johann Weik. Diesem Werk ist Beigefügt eine Praktische Anweisung das Gold zu Reinigen. Philadelphia & Leipzig: Ernst Schäfer; Cincinnati: Eggers und Comp.; New York: Winkler u. Magnus, 1849. Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 669: “Published simultaneously in Philadelphia and Leipzig, Weik’s hastily-written handbook was typical of other German guidebooks issued in response to the gold discovery. Weik covered typical topics such as the history, soil, climate, agricultural production, inhabitants, and commercial prospects of California and incorporated additional information on the routes to San Francisco and the gold fields. The gold regions were also treated.” ($2,500-5,000) More>>

159. WESTON, Silas. Life in the Mountains: or Four Months in the Mines of California. Providence: E. P. Weston, 1854. Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 224: “[Written] on the spot for the edification of the home folks”. Weston, as noted on the title page, was a school principal in Providence, Rhode Island, and served as the first principal at the Rincon school, one of the schools established under the first state school ordinance passed in 1851 and adopted by San Francisco in September 1851. Weston also served in the Civil War.  Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 672a. ($4,000-8,000) More>>

160. WHEAT, Carl I. Mapping the Transmississippi West...1540-1861.... San Francisco: [Grabhorn Press], 1957-1963. Limited edition (1,000 sets printed). Howell, California 50:1655: “A truly monumental work on the cartography of the West, from the Spanish entrada to the Geological Survey of 1877. It was the culmination of a quarter century of research into the historical geography of the vast Transmississippi area by one of California’s leading scholars. Beautifully printed and illustrated with over 300 reproductions of historically important maps from public and private collections.” ($3,000-6,000) More>>

161. WHEAT, Carl I. The Maps of the California Gold Region. 1848-1857. A Biblio-Cartography of an Important Decade. Mansfield: Maurizio Publisher, 1995. Illustrations of maps. Folio, original tan cloth. New, as issued. Reprint of the 1942 original, with new introduction by Gary F. Kurutz and addenda by Warren Heckrotte. ($150-300) More>>

162. WHITNEY, J[osiah] D[wight]. Auriferous Gravels of the Sierra Nevada of California. Cambridge: University Press, John Wilson & Son, 1880. Includes 24 heliograph reproductions from photographs and drawings and plans by Carleton Watkins, 12 maps in the text and double-page plate of the Calaveras Skull, and 2 folded chromolithograph maps in envelope pocket at the rear with printed label. Hinges a little weak, otherwise very fine and bright, unopened. The maps are absolutely pristine, with beautiful, bright coloring. It would be difficult to find a better copy of this important study. This massive work is among the more comprehensive and detailed studies ever published on the auriferous gravels of the Sierra Nevada, its foothills and valleys. Among the plates are photographs are images of hydraulic mining, and much information is presented for the study of the environmental impact of such practices on the Sierra Nevada. Whitney provides an excellent overview of the history of gold mining in California, and all the gold mining regions at the time, such as Mariposa, Tuolumne, Dutch Flat, Grass Valley, and Nevada City. He also presents fairly extensive discussion about fossils found in various areas, including the famous Calaveras Skull. ($1,500-3,000) More>>

163. WILKES, Charles. Western America, Including California and Oregon, with Maps of Those Regions, and of “The Sacramento Valley.” Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1849. Howes W416: “In a sense it constitutes the first Pacific coast guide.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 679a: “Commander Wilkes compiled this work from data gathered while he was on the Pacific Coast commanding the United States Exploring Expedition from 1838 to 1842. He included a chapter on the gold region drawn from official reports and his knowledge of the area’s geology and his own opinion of gold specimens sent east. The preface was dated February 1, 1849. The map of the Sacramento Valley was an important source of information for gold seekers.” ($2,000-4,000) More>>

164. WILLIAMS, John G. The Adventures of a Seventeen-Year-old Lad and the Fortunes He Might Have Won. Boston: Printed for the Author by The Collins Press, 1894. Adams, Guns 2404: “Privately printed book in which the author gives an account of his encounter with Joaquín Murieta and Three-Fingered Jack García.” Kurutz, The California Gold Rush 685.  Californian and Australian justice, law and order, and general conditions. He included a chapter on practical advice and anecdotes including his experience with the outlaw and desperado "Wah-Keen," the Vigilance Committee, and appalling condition of the Native Americans. The illustrations depict scenes in Australia and California including one entitled "Entertaining the outlaws, Wah-Keen and Three-fingered Jack, In California." ($250-500) More>>

165. WOODS, Daniel B[ates]. Sixteen Months at the Gold Diggings. New York: Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1851. Howell, California 50:940: “Vividly describes the sweat and toil of mining life.” Zamorano 80 #80. Woods, a Philadelphia clergyman, began this lively volume with a preface (dated July 1, 1851) stating that he intended to make this book a miner’s manual based on his experience working in the diggings “chiefly upon the American and Tuolumne Rivers and their tributaries.” A rare Argonaut-clergyman, Reverend Woods further stated that he kept this journal of mining at the request of friends, promising to record “its lights and shades, its fortunes and misfortunes.” He wisely advised his readers that mining was for young men and those who are doing “well enough” or have families should stay home. ($300-600). More>>

166. XÁNTUS, János. Utazás Kalifornia déli részeiben. Irta Xántus János, a Természettudományok Philadelphiai Akademiája, az Amerikai Philosophiai Társulat s a Bostoni Athenaeum rendes tajya. Egy földképpel, nyolcz kö- és nyolcz fametszettel. Pesten, Kiadják Lauffer és Stolp 1860. Budapest: Lauffer and Stolp, 1860. Overall, an excellent, desirable copy in the rare boards with a wonderful illustration of a Losangeleño. Streeter 2860: “First authorized edition of the Hungarian scientist’s letters on California, where he had accompanied a railroad survey. Some of his material is said to have been extracted from the Abert and Emory reports.” Wheat, Books of the California Gold Rush 237. Janos Xántus (1825-1894), Hungarian naturalist, was a Hungarian Freedom Fighter and political refugee who immigrated to the United States in the 1850s and served as a member of the U.S. Army Topographical Engineers. He collected and surveyed in the Fort Tejón area and Baja California. ($3,500-7,000) More>>

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