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Texas, California, the Southwest U.S., Mexico & the Borderlands:
Interesting books, broadsides, maps & ephemera

Lot 5

First printed atlas to contain a separate map of Texas

5. [ATLAS]. BRADFORD, T[homas] G[amaliel]. A Comprehensive AtlasGeographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: William D. Ticknor; New York: Wiley & Long, [copyright 1835]. 53 leaves (irregularly numbered 1-178), 2 engraved plates (hand-colored frontispiece, The Five Varieties of the Human Race; and elaborate pictorial title drawn by E. Tisdale and W. Croome, engraved by J. Andrew), 77 engraved maps with original outline coloring. Folio, original three-quarter tan sheep over brown marbled boards (neatly rebacked, new sympathetic spine, original matching marbled endpapers preserved). Covers scuffed, light foxing and offsetting to interior, generally fine. The map of Texas is fine, save for moderate foxing to blank margins. Later ink stamp of J. L. Kennedy on front fly leaf, old pencil cost of $12.

     First edition of the first printed atlas to contain a separate map of Texas. This is a revised version of Bradford’s 1835 small-format atlas (see preceding entry), here with page numbers added to both text leaves and maps, but more importantly, the first version of Bradford’s atlas to contain the separate map of Texas based on Stephen F. Austin’s celebrated map (here simply entitled: Texas, grants hand-colored in outline; 20 x 26.6 cm; 7-7/8 x 10-1/2 inches); plus the added leaf of text (numbered 64B & 64C) relating to Texas. The map of Texas in this atlas includes early issue points, such Mustang Wild Horse Desert (shown in south Texas), Nueces River designated as southwestern boundary of Texas, land grants shown instead of counties, city of Austin (founded 1839) not shown yet, etc. Subsequent issues of the atlas had only one page of text on Texas. As in the earlier version, there are three maps showing Texas as part of Mexico (see preceding entry).

Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West 408, 409, 410. This version of the Bradford atlas is not in Phillips (Atlases) or Shaw & Shoemaker.      Martin & Martin 31:“Although Thomas Gamaliel Bradford was not a leading figure in the nineteenth-century American map trade, his atlases are significant to the cartographic history of Texas because they included the first two maps to depict Texas an independent republic. Bradford’s first of three works, A Comprehensive Atlas..., has survived in at least four variant forms, all dated 1835, but some clearly published later.... Bradford, aroused by the revolutionary events in Texas that led to conflict, inserted a new map of Texas after the one of Mexico and accompanied it with a two-page text describing Texas as ‘at present engaged in an arduous struggle for independence.’ The text included a complete geographical description of the province, its rivers and harbors, its colonies and towns, its climate, crops, and natural resources. It also included a brief account of the colonial developments, leading up to the Declaration of Causes that initiated the Texas Revolution in November 1835. After quoting clauses of this declaration, the account concluded: ‘It is needless to enter into the details of what followed, as they are fresh in the minds of all.’

     “The map itself appeared to be copied directly from Austin’s, the only readily available authority. The depiction of the rivers and the coast were certainly modeled from Austin’s, as were the numerous notes on its face relating to Indian tribes and horse herds. The map differed from Austin’s primarily in its prominent display of numerous colonization grants and a plethora of new settlements and towns, indicative of the massive influx of colonists occurring after the publication of Austin’s work. Another significant departure from Austin was the map’s depiction of the Arkansas boundary controversy. The ‘Boundary of 1819’ was shown, corresponding to the present boundary of the state, but to the west another line, labeled ‘prop’d Boundary of Arkansas,’ was depicted, which would have assigned the northeast corner of Texas to that state. The map also extended west beyond Austin’s to the Pecos, erroneously showing the Guadalupe Mountains to the east of that river....

     “Aside from showing Texas as a separate state, the maps and text Bradford inserted into his atlases are historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the United States for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic. They also serve to confirm the importance of Austin’s map as a source for that information.”      It is always preferable to acquire maps of this nature in situ, as part of the original atlas. ($4,000-8,000)

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