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Texas, California, the Southwest U.S., Mexico & the Borderlands:
Interesting books, broadsides, maps & ephemera

Lot 28

Another Problematic Mexican Colonization Scheme of the 1830s

28. FIGUEROA, José. The Manifesto, Which the General of Brigade, Don José Figueroa, Commandant-General and Political Chief of U. California, Makes to the Mexican Republic, in Regard to His Conduct and That of the Snrs. D. José María de Híjars [sic] and D. José María Padrés, As Directors of the Colonization in 1833 and 1834.... San Francisco: Printed at the San Francisco Herald Office, 1855. 104 [2] pp. 8vo, original upper printed pink wrapper (lower wrap wanting). Fragile wrapper worn along edges, stained, and almost detached, light staining to first two leaves, top outer corners of first few signatures slightly dog-eared. Seldom found in wraps. Preserved in a half brown morocco and green cloth slip case and chemise.

     First edition in English (the first edition, printed by Zamorano in 1835, is exceedingly rare; see Zamorano 80 #37). Cowan (I), p. 86; (II), p. 210. Graff 1320. Greenwood 562. Holliday 377. Howell, California 50:1528: “The Manifesto is a defense of Governor Figueroa’s refusal to turn mission property over to the colonists who arrived in 1834 under the direction of Híjar and Padrés. This book is the first English translation of the first important work printed on the Zamorano Press.” Howes F122. Littell 349. Sabin 98728. Streeter Sale 2784.

     “The Manifiesto is devoted to a defense of [Figueroa’s] actions in connection with the Híjar and Padrés colonization scheme...the most ambitious attempt at colonization made during the Mexican régime [which] brought to California many families who afterward took a prominent part in the development of the province. The expectation was that the families would take possession of mission lands, the secularization of the missions having been voted by Congress in Mexico in 1833. The colonists arrived in September, 1834, and [Híjar and Padrés] expected to be appointed in Figueroa’s place, and to another of importance. In fact, Híjar came with a commission as governor; but, before he could arrive, orders countermanding it were sent from Mexico. There was too much of politics mixed up in the affair. Figueroa refused to turn the mission property over to the colonists”

Zamorano 80 #37n. ($2,000-3,000)

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