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110. [MAP & GUIDE].  COLTON, J[oseph] H[utchins]. Colton’s Traveler and Tourist’s Guide-Book through the United States of America and the Canadas: Containing the Routes and Distances on the Great Lines of Travel by Railroads, Canals, Stage-Roads, and Steamboats; Together with a Description of the Several States, and of the Principal Cities, Towns, and Villages in Each.  Accompanied with a Large and Accurate Map.  New York:  Published by J. H. Colton, 1850.  [iii]-xiv, 250, 15 [1] pp., 2 lithograph maps on bank note paper with original outline coloring by hand:  (1) Frontispiece map:  The Rail Road Routes between New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore & Washington. Neat line to neat line: 11.3 x 6.1 cm;  (2) Large folded map with ornate floral border, attached to rear pastedown:  Colton’s Map of the United States the Canadas &c. Rail Roads, Canals, & Stage Roads with Distances from Place to Place. Published by J. H. Colton, No. 86 Ced St. New York 1850. [3 inset maps at right]:  (i) The Isthmus of Panama Showing the Routes of Travel between Chagres & Panama; (ii) Map of the United States Central America &c.; (iii) Map of New England and Eastern New York.  66.5 x 77 cm.  12mo, original red gilt cloth stamped in gilt and blind with transportation theme (trains and steamships), gilt-lettering, spine extra gilt (expertly rebacked, original spine laid down, extremities missing with slight losses to gilt but tips neatly supplied in matching red cloth), binding with original blindstamping:  Colton & Jenkins Binders N. York.  Except for scattered light foxing (heavier on first few leaves), interior very good. Frontispiece map very fine.  Folding map at end with numerous separations at folds, some of which have been professionally repaired, minor losses along some folds (some neatly repaired), one short tear at juncture with pastedown professionally repaired (no losses), generally very good, fresh, and bright. Contemporary pencil ownership notation of W. S., Jane, Jas. Simonds on front pastedown.

     First edition of a popular guide book that went through many editions. Buck 468.  Howes C623: “Essentially same as the various handbooks listed under Smith, John Calvin.  Includes material on California, Oregon and Texas, with overland routes, etc.”  Cf. Clark, Old South 291 (noting the 1856 edition). This is a fairly extensive guide book for the entire United States, despite the fact the map shows only about half the country.  Colton includes discussions of the Oregon Territory, California, Utah, New Mexico, and Texas.  The section on California enthusiastically describes the climate and the Gold Regions, followed by a table describing routes from Fort Leavenworth to San Diego, Independence to Sacramento via South Pass, Independence to Oregon City, and Council Bluffs to Salt Lake City.   The Texas section has a brief (but rare) reference to the ghost town of “Zodeac” (actually Zodiac), a short-lived Mormon settlement founded by Lyman Wight’s splinter sect that protested Brigham Young’s leadership after Joseph Smith’s death and went searching for Zion in Texas.

     The large map shows Texas to slightly west of San Antonio (the border of Texas is still shown as the Sabine River).  Two of the inset maps relate to the California Gold Rush.  The upper inset shows the proposed line of the Panama Railroad; and the second inset of the U.S. shows the “Gold Regions” in California and the two overland routes from Independence, the northern route going to San Francisco via Salt Lake City, and the southern route going to San Diego via Santa Fe.   ($750-1,500)

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