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87. [MAP].  CRAM, G[eorge] F[ranklin]. Cram’s New County and Railroad Map of Texas and Indian Territory Showing Latest Government Surveys &c&c: Published by George F. Cram, Proprietor of the Western Map Depot. Geo. F. Cram, Lith: Chicago. 66 Lake, St: 1876. Chicago, Ills. Entered According to Act of Congress in the Year 1873, by G. F. Cram, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D.C. [small inset ad at lower right] Agents wanted.... Chicago:  G. F. Cram, 1876. Lithograph map with full hand-coloring and borders in bright pink, ornamental border (mounted on later cartographical cotton), border to border:  95.7 x 70 cm.  Some browning and light stain, minor losses at some folds, but overall very good.

     First edition?  Not in standard sources.  This separately published map of Texas shows the eastern half of the state in great detail.  However, the western half, which is obviously relatively uninhabited, is generally featureless, and includes only a few geographical details, and even fewer inhabited places, most of which are forts (e.g., Concho, Davis, Clark, Duncan, Isabel, etc.).  Otherwise the area is void and the map does not even extend to El Paso.  Despite its title, the map is far more counties than railroads, since the latter are relatively few.  Shown, for example, are the routes of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad and others in East Texas.  Projected routes west are shown from Dallas and Gonzalez.  The counties, however, include some fairly interesting details, such as the location of the now defunct Mormon Mills colony in Burnet County.  To the north the Indian Territory is shown mostly divided into ranges of townships with some of the Native American Reservations indicated.  Beyond that, other areas shown, such as parts of Colorado, Kansas, and Arkansas, are generally divided into township ranges with towns and settlements indicated.  Although considerably different from the landmark of E. H. Ross (Ross' New Connected County & Railroad Map of Texas and Indian Territory, issues in 1871, 1872, and 1873), Cram may well have taken inspiration from Ross’ grandiose map with its large scale. As the inset “Agents Wanted” indicates, Cram was eager for wide sale and distribution of this map.

     G. F. Cram (1842-1928) began his company in 1869; he sold it in 1920.  The early years of his company were generally devoted to single-sheet maps such as this one; by 1880, however, he began producing atlases, which constituted the bulk of his business until he sold his firm.  ($2,500-5,000)

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