Rare 1850 German Emigration Map Showing Routes to California & Oregon
103. [MAP]. SMITH, J[ohn] Calvin & H[enry] S[chenck]. Tanner (after). Neueste Eisenbahn-Kanal-U. Post-Karte für Reisende in den Vereinigten Staaten von Nord-Amerika Canada, Texas u. Californien. Nach J. Calvin Smith, H. S. Tanner u. andern Neuesten Quellen bearbeitet. Verlag der Buchner’schen Buchhandlung in Bamberg & Bayreuth. 1850. Stahlstich, Druck u. Illuminat d. Kunst-u. geogr. Anst. v. Serz & Cie. in Nürnberg [6 inset maps at right] (i) Philadelphia, street plan; (ii) Eisenbahn-Route v. New York N. Philadelphia..., with vignettes of locomotive and steamship; (iii) Eisenbahn-Route v. Philadelphia N. Washington; (iv) Eisenbahn- und Kanal-Routen von Albany nach Buffalo; (v) Karte von Oregon und Neu-Californien, showing Western U.S. 20.7 x 16.6 cm; (vi) Plan von New-York, street plan. At top. Nuremberg: Anst. v. Serz, 1850. Lithograph map with original outline color, border to border: 54.1 x 73.6 cm. Sectioned and mounted on contemporary grey cartographic linen (18 sections). Some separations at folds (tiny losses), slightly darkened, scattered mild foxing, overall very good. Rare.
First edition. Howes (N57) lists related imprints from 1853 and 1855. Wheat (Maps of the California Gold Region 274) lists an 1855 edition, but with the same insets. Not in Phillips, who lists the 1853 version that appeared in Trautgott Bromme’s 1853 guide (p. 903). This map was undoubtedly used by emigration agents and others in Germany to induce people to move to the expanding western regions of the United States, such as Texas, California, and Oregon. The chief feature of the map relating to the West is the large inset map showing routes to California and Oregon. No doubt the recent discovery of gold in California made this map even more useful and desirable. The insets are particularly interesting since they show the two main arrival ports in some detail and the overland routes to Oregon, Sacramento, and Los Angeles. Texas extends as far west as Goliad. New Mexico is labeled “Santa Fe” and reaches almost to Fort Laramie. ($750-1,500)
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