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Overlooked, Important Military Maps of Texas

106. [MAP].  UNION & CONFEDERATE ARMIES ATLAS MAPS OF TEXAS.  Lot of 2 maps from Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1891-1895.  Howes C816. The maps are the work of Julius Bien, well known for his chromolithographs from Audubon’s copper plates.  “Bien will always be remembered chiefly as the first great scientific cartographer in the United States” (Peters, America on Stone, p. 94).

(1)  Map of Texas and Part of New Mexico Compiled in the Bureau of Topographl Engrs Chiefly for Military Purposes 1857 [upper right above neat line] Plate LIV [lower right below neat line] Julius Bien & Co. Lit. [inset at upper right] Plan of the Battle-Field at New Creek, W. Va. August 4th. 1864 [inset at lower right] Plan of the Battle-Field at Pleasant Mills Near Cumberland, Md. August 1st. 1864Made by F. M. Knight Headquarters Department of West Virginia.  Chromolithograph map in tones of green, brown, and blue.  Neat line to neat line:  41.7 x 69.3 cm.  Creased where formerly folded.  Except for light browning, fine.

     This map is a version of the best pre-Civil War military map of Texas, which was first published in New York by Walling 1857 (a copy of which we sold in 2001 at $6,900).  See Martin & Martin (45), who cite only the 1880 small-scale version and refer to the present map. See also Rumsey List No: 5141.000.  Day, pp. 63-64 (#1422 & 1677). The map shows railroads, roads, physical features, forts, etc., and gives comments about the availability of water, wood, and other supplies.  El Paso is still called Franklin.  “Apparently a much overlooked and valuable map of Texas is included in AtlastoAccompanytheOfficialRecordsoftheUnionandConfederateArmies,1861-1865.... The map is notable for its naming of many small streams in Texas and for the way in which crossing places of various streams are described. It contains information on Indian trails and on army characters such as Marcy, Averitt, Peck, Whipple, Michler, Bryan, Smith, Emory, etc.” (H. Bailey Carroll, Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 4).

(2)  [Untitled map showing the area of Texas from approximately Austin in the west, east to the Sabine River, including the coast from Matagorda Bay to Lake Calcasieu, Louisiana] [above neat line]:  General Topographical Map. Sheet XXII. | Plate CLVII. [lower center below neat line]:  Julius Bien & Co. Lith. N.Y. Chromolithograph map, pale green.  Neat line to neat line:  42 x 69.8 cm. Creased where formerly folded, moderate offsetting left, several old tape reinforcements on verso.

     The map shows on a larger scale the southeast portion of the map north to slightly above Austin. Excellent details, as in the previous map Day, p. 70 (#1684). ($250-500)

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