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109. [MAP]. YOUNG, J[ames] H[amilton]. Map of the State of Texas from the Latest Authorities, by J. H. Young. Cowperthwait, DeSilver & Butler: Philadelphia. 1854. J. L. Hazzard sculp. [below neat line at left] Entered According to Act of Congress, in the Year 1850 by Thomas Copperthwait & Co., in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. [inset map at upper left] Northern Texas on the Same Scale as the Larger Map [inset at lower left] Map of the Vicinity of Galveston City [lower right] 25.  Lithograph map with ornate border in green, original full hand color, neat line to neat line:  32.8 x 40.2 cm.  Numerous descriptive texts on navigability of the Rio Grande, population and statistics of Texas, and railroads in Texas.  Except for very light marginal browning and some stains on verso (not affecting image), very good, attractively colored.

     This map is a later issue of Young’s 1850 map. The copyright date is unchanged, but the map shows Hidalgo County (not present on 1850 issue), which was organized in 1852. Taliaferro 311A (citing 1855).

     Reflecting the progress and westward push of Texas settlers, the map shows a well-organized eastern Texas with many counties, railroads (both existing and proposed), and roads connecting most towns.  The grandest project is a dotted line in the north of the proposed railroad to the Pacific.  In the unsettled west are shown a few roads, passes, trails, and forts, including the so-called Emigrant’s Route, which links up with Whiting and Smith’s route to El Paso. Emigrants who stayed are reflected in the notation “German Settlements” shown on the Llano River just east of Fort Mason. The map shows Texas’ border with New Mexico as decided in the Compromise of 1850. ($150-300)

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