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AUCTION 19

Wyoming Territorial Imprint - Round-Up Broadside

248. WYOMING STOCK GROWERS ASSOCIATION. 1884 Rounds-Ups [sic] of the Wyoming Stock Growers Association William C. Irvine, President [text commences, setting forth 31 round-up districts] No. 1. To commence at Big Crow Springs, June 1st, and work up Crow Creek to Ullman’s ranch, thence across to Terry’s ranch on Lone Tree; up Lone Tree and Duck Creek to Twin Mountain ... [text concludes] All undistricted portions to be considered unorganized territory and attached to the adjoining round-up district, and be worked or not, in the discretion of the round-up foreman. N.p., n.d. [ Cheyenne , 1884].  Folio broadside (54.5 x 33.5 cm), text in five columns.  Uniform mild browning due to poor quality paper, moderate stain down center (from old tape since removed), lower blank corners wanting, paper strengthened on verso and along edges.  Overall a very good copy of a rare survival.
     First printing.  Stopka, Wyoming Territorial Imprints B.1884.1 (locating two copies: University of South Dakota & Brigham Young University ).  Streeter Sale 2376 (Brayer copy):  “This gives the districts, date of spring and fall meetings, methods of covering the territory, and names of foreman and assistant foreman for each of 31 districts in Wyoming. This broadside shows most concretely an important phase of the activities of the live stock industry in Wyoming in the early days of 1884. The only other copies I know of are one in the University of Wyoming and a rather badly damaged copy mounted on cardboard in the collection of the late R. E. Ellison.-TWS.”
     This broadside describes the two round-ups that were scheduled for 1884.  The first round-up was intended to separate cattle by their brands and terminated when the cattle were driven past so-called tellers, who would identify the proper owners.  In the spring the process was repeated, but the calves born in the meantime were branded.  Because these round-ups took place in unfenced, open range, they often covered hundreds of miles in their search for cattle during the thirty-one round-ups described here.  Each separate round-up was given a prescribed area to cover and generally the foreman and assistant foreman are named.  Ironically, in 1884 most of the big ranches in Wyoming were backed by foreign money, typically English, Scottish, or German.  The haphazard ways of letting cattle roam free and arguments over brands was one of the leading causes of the Johnson County War.  One of the round-ups described here in No. 15 was extensively documented by its foreman A. A. Spaugh in his book, The Famous OW Roundup of 1884 (Lusk, Wyoming, 1934). ($4,000-8,000)

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