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11. CHÁZARI, Estéban. Piscicultura de agua dulce instrucciones escritas á encargo de la Secretaría de Fomento por Antiguo alumno del Instituto de Oaxaca y actual diputado á la Cámara Popular de la República. Primera edición con 150 figuras. Mexico: Ofic. Tip. de la Secretaría de Fomento, Calle de San Andrés número 15, 1884. [8], lix [1 blank], [2], 828 pp., 15 uncolored lithograph plates (fish culture). 8vo, contemporary half sheep over brown and black mottled boards, spine gilt-lettered, raised bands, small typed label attached to spine with cello-tape, edges sprinkled. Binding moderately shelf-worn and some plates clumsily folded, otherwise very good. With ink stamp of Puebla binder J. A. Camacho on front pastedown, contemporary ink signature of Miguel R. Mendez and Secretaría de San Jacinto, 3/27/1900 on half title, and Mendez’s small blind-embossed stamp on title page.

     First edition. Not in Palau. Written in reaction to a Secretaría de Fomento proposal to introduce fish farming into Mexico, this work is another indication of the progressive agricultural and farming practices favored and promoted by former Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, to whom the work is dedicated. The introduction by Cházari contains extensive commentary on and analysis of world-wide pisciculture and the profits to be made from it. The work opens with an extensive discussion of types of fish found around the world but concludes with a discussion of the types most suitable for Mexican experimentation. Among topics covered are diseases of fish, proper food for them, and the amount of labor needed to raise them.

     The plates, which were lithographed in Mexico City by Hesiquio Iriarte, illustrate all aspects of fish farming. See Mathes, Mexico on Stone, and Dicc. Porrúa for more on lithographer Iriarte (1820?-1897?). In short, this work is a complete guide for anyone in Mexico interested in undertaking the work of raising fresh-water fish for domestic consumption or export. The author was a prominent Díaz-era intellectual who possessed a large library, and this work is one of the fundamental ones that led to the present-day Mexican pisciculture industry. ($150-300)

Sold. Hammer: $150.00; Price Realized: $176.25

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