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AUCTION 20

Rare 1836 Puebla Bando Pleading for Continuation of the Campaign Against the Texians—Unrecorded

34. Interesante para todo Mejicano. [Text commences] El discurso que pronunciò Mr. John Quincy Adams en la sesion de la cámara de representantes del 31 del pasado (Mayo) sobre la política del Gobierno de los Estados-Unidos con respecto á las cosas de Tejas... [extracts from John Quincy Adams’ speech in the House of Representatives on May 31, 1836, on Texas, and an article in the Echo of Louisiana of June 22, 1836, followed by comments signed] Varios Tamaulipecos. [At end] Puebla: 1836 Reimpreso en la oficina del Gobierno. Folio broadside (43.8 x 32 cm) printed on laid paper, printed in two columns. Creased where formerly folded, split along lower fold (loss of a few letters), slight staining at one fold, otherwise fine, untrimmed. Most proclamations of this variety were either filed in governmental archives where they remain, or were destroyed as a part of their being posted in public, subject to weather or discarded as trash because of their being obsolete, thus they tend to be uncommon in commerce.

     Bando issue. Streeter (854) lists a four-page issue with imprint Imprenta del Mercurio de Matamoros.-Julio 22 de 1836, but does not note this Pueblo bando issue. Streeter comments: “The two extracts, both adverse to Texas, are followed by a strong plea for continuation of the campaign against Texas, the success of which seems certain.”

     A very unusual proclamation published by some citizens of Tamaulipas. The majority of the document translates a speech delivered before the House of Representatives of the United States by John Quincy Adams in May 1836 regarding the situation in Texas. Adams asserts that the history of Latin American republics is violent, their murderers are commanders, and all are the result of conquests by Cortés and Pizarro. Texas independence and the execution of Santa-Anna will not eliminate war with Mexico, and the war will be one of castes: Anglo-Saxon-Americans against Morisco-Spanish-Mexican-Americans from Pasamoquoddy to Panama. The cause of such a war will be aggression, conquest, and the establishment of slavery in a country, Texas, where it has been abolished and the flag of Mexico will be that of liberty. There is little doubt that Mexico will resent the fight more, and it is not improbable that it will be for the conquest of all of Mexico.

     Mexico is weaker than the U.S. but better prepared by experience and combat veterans for an invasion, while U.S. veterans would be from a victory over 600 Seminoles. The Seminole war is extending to the Creeks and incorporating freed Black slaves and arming them. Adams posits the questions of what if Mexico were to intervene in opposition to slavery? What would be the situation in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Arkansas, Missouri, and Georgia? What would over a million Blacks do, if they were to join with Indians? They would be natural allies of Mexico.

     Texas asks U.S. recognition of her independence and there is a movement to enter the Union. This would include territory from the headwaters of the Río Grande to its mouth: Texas, Coahuila, Tamaulipas, New Mexico, and will lead next year to attempts to expand those boundaries to the City of Mexico and the coast of California A war would not be only with Mexico but she would seek aid of Britain and France in opposition to the establishment of slavery and the slave trade in Texas. The annexation of Texas creates a weak border region. If the commander in Florida needs 4,000 troops against 500-600 Seminoles, how many are needed to contain the Indians from the Sabine to the Río Grande? Adams closes by addressing President Andrew Jackson with the question: Is the U.S. prepared for war with Mexico, Britain, and perhaps France? A bloody war that would become one of color and caste, and involve the slavery question?

     The second section of the sheet, titled “TEJAS,” translates an article from Eco de la Luisiana of 22 June 1836. The anonymous writer states that the war in Texas was one to the death, and that the capture of Antonio López de Santa-Anna was useless for the establishment of treaties since he has lost power and is irrelevant. President Justo Corro continues to encourage valor and the taking up of arms to avenge the homeland. For this he has strong support and the nation is prepared to march into Texas. The war in Texas has been disastrous for Louisiana commerce.

The Tamaulipecans concur with Adams, declaring that Mexico is tired of insults from the U.S. and affirm that the Texas revolt was an attack on Mexican hospitality by adventurers and criminals. The Eco de la Luisiana is also correct. The document closes with an exhortation for national strength and the securing of national honor.

In 1835, Antonio López de Santa-Anna turned his government over to Miguel Barragán as interim president and marched to Texas. Resigning due to illness, Barragán was succeeded by Corro from February 1836 to April 1837, during which time he established the centralist Poder Conservador (a form of constitution creating a centralized government). During his presidency, the war in Texas reached its zenith at San Antonio and its culmination at San Jacinto resulting in the capture of Santa-Anna by the Texian forces and the establishment of the Republic of Texas.

     John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the U.S. (1825-1829), returned to congress in 1831 and served until his death in 1848. He was knowledgeable in matters of Texas and Louisiana, having negotiated the Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819, that retained Texas as Spanish territory. He was a leading opponent of slavery and this speech is a grim prediction of future events. Andrew Jackson, an expansionist, pro-slavery president, enabled U.S. involvement in Texas and prosecuted the Seminole War for the control of Florida. ($3,000-4,000)

Sold. Hammer: $7,000.00; Price Realized: $8,225.00

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