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Grand Colton Pocket Map of Texas

47. [MAP]. COLTON, G[eorge] W[oolworth] & C[harles] B. Colton’s New Map of the State of Texas the Indian Territory and Adjoining Portions of New Mexico, Louisiana and Arkansas Compiled from the Official County Maps of the General Land Office the Surveys of the Mexican Boundary Commission U.S. Engineers U.S. Coast Survey U.S. General Land Office, the Various Rail Road Cos. and Other Authentic Materials by G. Woolworth Colton Published by G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co. 182 William St. New York 1883. Entered According to Act of Congress in the Year 1882 by G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co. in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. [inset map at lower left] Mexico and Territory and Isthmus of Tehuantepec. New York, 1883. Lithograph map on two sheets of joined bank note paper, original hand color in wash and outline. Neat line to neat line: 80.6 x 92.7 cm. Folded into pocket covers (20 x 11 cm), original brown cloth, Colton’s New Map of Texas New York G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co. lettered in gilt and with gilt lone star on upper cover, both covers blind-embossed. Covers lightly faded and with minor spotting. Map crisp, brilliantly colored, and very fine except for a few miniscule splits along fold lines (no losses). Uncommon.

     Phillips (America, p. 848) lists the 1882 edition, although this map apparently had its genesis in the Colton large-format Texas maps of the early 1870s which depended heavily on Roessler and Pressler. Because of the large scale, this map is again quite detailed and shows the continuing westward settlement pattern in the State. At this point, the Texas & Pacific and Southern Pacific railroads are shown as completed and exiting the State at El Paso. West Texas and parts of the Panhandle have indicated on them large grants that were made to the railroads and to other entities, such as the Texas Land Company. Unlike railroad land grants in other areas of the United States, however, these did not necessarily follow the tracks themselves, but were often located at some distance from them.

     The surrounding areas of New Mexico, Indian Territory, and western Louisiana are also shown in considerable detail. Reflecting a continuing controversy, Greer County in north Texas is still shown as part of the Lone Star State, even though it was eventually ceded to Oklahoma. Mexico is shown in somewhat less detail, but the vital communication route to California across Tehuantepec, including the proposed canal and railroad, are shown.

     The superb detail includes Native American reservations, forts, mines, rivers and waterways, counties, towns, townships, and topographical features. ($2,500-4,500)

Sold. Hammer: $6,500.00; Price Realized: $7,637.50

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