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Sequoyah Constitution with Map of the State of Sequoyah

114. SEQUOYAH (INDIAN TERRITORY). CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. Constitution of the State of Sequoyah [caption title]. [At end]: Done in Open Convention at the City of Muskogee, in the Indian Territory, this eighth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and five. We hereby certify that the foregoing is a true, correct and complete copy of the Constitution adopted by the Constitutional Convention of the State of Sequoyah (Indian Territory). In testimony whereof we hereto set our hands this 14th day of October, 1905. P. Porter, Chairman. Attest: Alex Posey, Secretary, Phoenix Printing Co., Muskogee. I. T. [printers’ slug] Typographical Union Label Muskogee. <68> pp., folding chromolithograph map between pp. 48 and 49: State of Sequoyah [state seal dated 1905] Note:—Map compiled; from United States Geological Survey Map of Indian Territory, edition of July 1902, revised to date, and County divisions made under direction of Sequoyah Statehood Convention, August and September 1905; by D. W. Bolish, Civil Engineer, Muskogee, Ind. Ter. [below neat line] Aug. Gast Bank Note & Litho. Company, Map Publishers, St. Louis. Neat line to neat line: 41.5 x 37.6 cm. Graphic scale "approximately 8 miles to the inch." Small 4to, early three-quarter crimson sheep over dark olive green cloth, title in gilt on upper cover (neatly recased, new endpapers). Binding lightly rubbed, marginal browning to flyleaves due to contact with sheep turn-ins, text with light uniform age toning, map with a few old tape repairs and stain in left margin barely over neat line, overall very good, with contemporary ink marginal numerals on pp. 42-49 (numbering counties on map) with ink blot in gutter margins of pp. 49 & 50. Contemporary ink signature of A. H. Ellis of Hayward, Oklahoma, February 19, 1921, on front flyleaf and p. 1. Ellis was a politician active in the early years of Oklahoma statehood.

     First edition, second issue, with printers’ slug at foot of last page and without page number on final page. Anderson Sale 1686:846. Foreman, Oklahoma Imprints, p. 50. Gilcrease-Hargrett, Catalogue of Imprints, p. 351. Howes S295. Morris & McReynolds 54. Rader 2011. Streeter Sale 605: “This was an attempt by the Five Civilized Tribes and some white inhabitants of Indian Territory to forestall the creation of one state out of Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory. The Convention met at Muskogee, 21 August 1905, and the constitution worked out by a committee of fifty was adopted 8 September. It was submitted to popular vote in the 7 November 1905 election, and carried by an overwhelming vote. All this was to no avail, for the act creating the present state of Oklahoma became law 16 June 1906. This is one of the cases in our history, at the moment I can think of no other, where a separate region seeking statehood and adopting a constitution was finally denied statehood by Congress. The map is of great interest. It divides the Indian Territory into nearly fifty counties but very few of the county names or even the boundaries can be found on today's map of that part of Oklahoma. In a letter of 17 January 1947, Lester Hargrett says: ‘The Constitution of the State of Sequoyah ought to have 68 p., a caption title only, and a folded colored map (Aug. Gast Bank Note & Litho. Co., St. Louis) showing proposed county divisions. The volume was printed at Muskogee, Okla.’”­TWS ($3,000-6,000)

Sold. Hammer: $3,000.00; Price Realized: $3,525.00

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