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Borderland Captivities - 1835

127. [BORDERLANDS]. El Noticioso de Chihuahua. Periodico Oficial. Numero 14. Viernes 3 de Julio de 1835. [At end] Chihuahua 1835—Imprenta del Gobierno del Estado dirigida por J. Melchor de la Garza. [4] pp., folio, in two columns. Creased where formerly folded, light waterstaining at top in blank margin and lower left, light chipping at top margin, a few small wormholes costing a few letters on some pages.

     First edition. Not in Streeter. Charno, Latin American Newspapers in United States Libraries, p. 275, lists the newspaper El Noticioso de Chihuahua, noting it was established in 1833. The first page is taken up by a financial report, whereas the rest of document, entitled “Partes Oficiales sobre Incursiones de Enemigos,” reprints various dispatches and reports concerning recent Mexican efforts in June, 1835, to suppress Native American raids in the borderland region and to punish the raiders, including actions on both sides of the Rio Grande. Most of the action reported took place around La Mula, a settlement in the far eastern portion of the state near the river. Other actions were conducted around Paso del Norte near the junction of the Conchos and Rio Grande. Many details of the reports recount actual battle tactics and killed and wounded on both sides.

     Of even more interest, however, are the reported statements of four captives that the Mexican forces rescued. One is 28-year-old Maria Micasela Baca, a married woman who was apparently the only survivor of the four captives seized when she was taken. Margarita Saenz, seventeen years old, was captured with several others, many of whom the Indians slew, including her father and brother. María Petra Muñoz y Carrillo, also seventeen, was captured when the Indians burned the hacienda with everyone still inside. She states that she has seen the Indians murder other captives. Finally, Trinidad Ramos, of uncertain age, was captured along with many others in a long trail of Indian raids, the routes and names of which he recounts. Most of the captivities occurred around Parral.

     Published reports of Mexican Indian captivities are very rare. ($300-600)

Sold. Hammer: $300.00; Price Realized: $352.50

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