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Raising the pueblo of Los Angeles to the status of a city
& making it the capital of the Territory, 1835

128. [CALIFORNIA]. MEXICO (Republic). PRESIDENTE INTERINO (Miguel Barragán). [Presidential decree announced by the Secretary of State, Department of the Interior, elevating the pueblo of Los Angeles to a city and declaring it capital of Alta California, heading at top] Primera Secretaría del Estado. Departamento del Interior. [commencing] El Exmo Sr. Presidente de los Estados-Unidos Mexicanos se ha servido dirigirme el decreto que sigue. “El Presidente interino de los Estados-Unidos Mexicanos, á los habitantes de la República, sabed: Se erige en ciudad el pueblo de los Angeles de la Alta California, y será para lo sucesivo la Capital de este Territorio....” [at end] Palacio del gobierno federal en México à 23 de Mayo de 1835.-Miguel Barragán.-A. D. José Maria Gutierrez de Estrada. Folio broadside. (30 x 20 cm) Fine.

     First edition. Howell, California 50:79. Dublan y Lozano, number 1573, vol. III, p. 51. Streeter Sale 2476. Not in Lafragua, Sutro, Palau, Barrett, etc. Original printed decree giving Los Angeles the title of city. This decree elevated the Pueblo of Los Angeles to the dignity of a city, the first in Alta California, and made it capital of the territory, despite the fact it was really a fairly inconsiderable place at the time. This measure passed the Mexican national congress due to the efforts of Carlos Antonio Carrillo, provincial deputy from California to the Mexican congress and the author of the Exposición of 1831. Monterey, rival for the position of capital, was able to prevent the latter part of the decree from taking effect, and the decree fueled the controversy between the northern and southern Californians during the revolt of Alvarado. ($2,000-4,000)

Sold. Hammer: $2,200.00; Price Realized: $2,585.00

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