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Graphically Showing the Effects of Removal on the Tribes

139. [MAP]. RAND, McNALLY & CO. Map of the Indian and Oklahoma Territories 1892 Compiled from the Official Records of the General Land Office and Other Sources by Rand, McNally & Co. Map Publishers. Chicago. Rand, McNally & Co’s Map of the Indian and Oklahoma Territories, Copyright 1892, by Rand, McNally & Co.... [inset at top right] References [key with symbols for subdivided townships, capitols of nations, military reservations, boundaries of tribal reservations, U.S. Union Agency for various tribes, etc.]. Chicago, 1892. Lithograph map in full color (boundaries in orange outline), neat line to neat line: 62 x 82 cm, treaty dates on map of each tribal territory, relief by hachure, drainage, Indian areas, districts, roads and trails, and named railroads. Folded into pocket covers (17.5 x 11.8 cm), original brown printed paper wrappers with title on upper wrapper (Rand McNally & Co.’s Official Map of the Indian and Oklahoma Territories. All Towns, Villages, Streams, Railways, Forts, and Ranches are accurately located and the different Nations are designated by separate colors. The routes of Mail Lines, the number of trips per week, and the dates of Treaties made with Indian Nations are clearly printed on the map. Military Reservations are shown, and Indian Reservations accurately bounded. The Eastern and Western Land Districts of Oklahoma are also shown. Chicago and New York: Rand, McNally & Co., Map Publishers and Engravers), verso of upper wrap with books for sale by Rand, McNally (including Marah Ellis Ryan’s A Pagan of the Alleghanies); verso of lower wrap with ads for Cecil Charles’ Honduras: The Land of Great Depths and Joaquín Bernardo Calvo’s The Republic of Costa Rica. Map with a few minor splits and minimal losses at folds, otherwise fine and with good color retention. Old pencil acquisition note: “AN 4-2-28 Bookman.” Fragile wraps with marginal chipping and wear.

     Modelski, Railroad Maps of the United States 288 (citing an 1894 edition with copyright 1884). Not in Phillips. Oklahoma occupies only small section of the map, which contains an early appearance of Oklahoma City on a printed map. The map graphically shows the situation of Native American tribes after forced removal from their homelands to the Indian Territory of eastern Oklahoma. For historical background and an illustration of this map see Clara Sue Kidwell, The Effects of Removal on American Indian Tribes
<>. There is so much history in this map, for instance, the site of We-Wo-Ka (“barking waters”) District, where the Black Seminoles eventually relocated after leaving the protection of Fort Gibson. They founded an all-Black community on the site of the present-day town of Wewoka, now the home of the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma. Of Texas interest is the much disputed Greer County, not shown as part of Texas and bearing the designation “Unassigned Land.” Texas claimed the area, but the Supreme Court denied Texas’ claim in 1896. See Handbook of Texas Online: Greer County.

     Martin & Martin (49) sum up the work of Rand McNally: “The era of railroad transportation and western migration created a great demand for Rand, McNally’s maps and guidebooks; these same forces, however, rendered the product virtually obsolete overnight. The number of copies required also strained the limits of the traditional methods of producing such items. In short, there was a great demand for large numbers of accurate, inexpensive, up-to-date maps and guidebooks.... Rand, McNally’s guidebooks developed into a number of other products designed to serve the same market, including a series of County and Railroad Pocket Maps and Shippers’ Guides for the several states. These works focused on the railroad lines linking towns and settlements in the developing West and became an important mainstay in the commerce of the region. They were constantly revised and updated.... When examined in a series, these Rand, McNally maps reveal the westward march of settlement.” ($500-1,000)

Sold. Hammer: $2,400.00; Price Realized: $2,820.00

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