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AUCTION 21

Early Bangs Imprint with Double Arrows

October 26, 2007

Sold. Hammer: $1,100.00; Price Realized: $1,292.50

Auction 21 Abstracts

11. [BANGS, Samuel (printer)]. MEXICO (Empire). El Comandante General Ynterino de Provincias Internas de Oriente a las tropas de la del Nuevo Santander. [facing double arrows] [text commences] Soldados: La Patria que ha puesto en vuestras manos las armas para que la defendais de toda clase de enemigos, exige de vosotros el auxilio de que la socorrais. El Señor Brigadier D. Felipe de la Garza vuestro Gefe por acaloramiento à que dió lugar conceptos equivocados, os há llamado en su defenza, no para defender el precioso dón de la Libertad, sino para substraerse de la obediencia á las determinaciones de S. M. I. de Señor Don Agustin Primero. [Signed in print at end] Lopez. N.p., n.d. [Saltillo, November 1822?]. Broadside on laid paper (31.2 x 21.5 cm). Creased where formerly folded, slightly soiled along fold, a few minor holes in blank margins, overall fine and crisp, with contemporary ink manuscript notation on verso: “Novieme.” Modern pencil notes in unknown hand on verso reading: “Sept 26, 1822” and “Oct 1822.”

     First edition. Jenkins, Bangs 182: “This broadside carries no date or place of publication, but it is printed in Bangs type fonts with his facing pair of arrows after the heading... It exhorts the troops to come back to the side of the government and let the rule of law, not arms, control the situation lest the ‘inexorable sword of the law come down upon you.’” Not in Spell. The date of publication for this Bangs imprint has never been satisfactorily resolved, although it clearly appears to have been issued by him while he was printing at Saltillo.

     The historical context of this statement relates to uneasiness among the troops about Iturbide’s order that Felipe de la Garza report to the court at Mexico City. Gaspar Antonio López assumed the post of Comandant General of the Eastern Internal Province on August 3, 1821, but was removed in March of 1823 after Emperor Iturbide’s fall, only to be replaced by de la Garza himself, who eventually had the pleasure of executing Iturbide. López urges his troops not to take any action and to abide by the rule of law.

     Felipe de la Garza (1798-1832), is mentioned in the Handbook of Texas Online article on San Felipe de Austin: “The town’s name was proposed by the governor of the Eastern Interior Provinces, Felipe de la Garza, to honor both the empresario, Austin, and the governor’s own patron saint.”

     For Bangs and his status at this time, see next entry. ($500-1,000)

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