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October 26, 2007

Unrecorded Imprint by Texas’ First Printer
Concerning Rebel Texans’ Collusion with Mexía

15. [BANGS, Samuel (printer)]. TAMAULIPAS (Mexican State). GOBERNADOR (José Antonio Fernández Izaguirre). [Decree of December 8, 1835, outlining troops to be raised to defend the republic against the Texas rebels]. [At top] Gobierno del Departamento de Tamaulipas. Circular. [text commences] El Supremo Gobierno Nacional empeñado justamente en sosteuer[sic] integro el territorio de la República.... [dated and signed in type at end] Ciudad Victoria Diciembre 8 de 1835. José Antonio Fernández | Francisco Villaseñor, with their parafs. [Ciudad Victoria: Samuel Bangs, 1835]. Folio (30.3 x 20.5 cm). Broadside printed on laid watermarked paper. Directed in contemporary ink manuscript to the ayuntamiento of Hidalgo. Creased where formerly folded, two small holes in upper left blank margin, lower right corner lightly waterstained. Very rare Bangs imprint with riveting content on the Texas Revolution—an uncommon confluence.

            First edition. Streeter 845.1. Not in Jenkins or Spell. This decree concerns implementing in the state a national decree that calls for the raising of troops to fight against the Texans, here referred to as “los indignos colonos.” The state is to raise a thousand men who will be commanded by Francisco Vital Fernández. Among the qualifications for these troops is a preference for those already in the militia. Officials are warned, however, not to recruit certain classes of men, such as those who are the only surviving son of a widow.

            The state is apparently alarmed by Stephen F. Austin and José Antonio Mexía’s schemes, which included the invasion of Matamoros, a plan Austin himself approved in a letter to the President of the Consultation, November 5, 1835 (Austin Papers, Vol. III, p. 240). In that letter supporting Mexía’s plans, Austin goes on to say: “In short we are in a war, in which the objects of our enemies is our total extermination. It is a matter of life and death-there is no medium or middle course left-none at all....”

            Handbook of Texas Online (José Antonio Mexía): “While a senator from the state of Mexico in 1834, Mexía joined Federalist forces that rose in protest against Santa Anna’s assumption of dictatorial powers. After a two-month campaign, Mexía surrendered in the state of Jalisco and was ordered into exile by Santa Anna. In New Orleans he devoted most of the next year to organizing and outfitting a volunteer force of some 160 men (most of whom were from the United States), who sailed under his command in the Tampico expedition of November 1835. With the survivors of this abortive attack on Tampico he landed in Texas in December. After failing to win the support of Texas leaders for his proposal to attack Matamoros, he returned to New Orleans.... Tempted to return to Mexico by the resurgence of the Federalists late in 1838, he landed in Tampico on January 3, 1839, and joined Gen. José de Urrea as second in command. Four months later, on May 3, 1839, at Acajete, near Puebla, Urrea’s undermanned forces were routed by government troops. Mexía was captured and executed by a firing squad on the same day on orders of Santa Anna. ($2,000-4,000)

Sold. Hammer: $2,000.00; Price Realized: $2,350.00

Auction 21 Abstracts

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