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October 26, 2007

U.S. Army on the March in Peacetime

147. [MAP]. UNITED STATES. WAR DEPARTMENT. OFFICE OF EXPLORATIONS & SURVEYS. FLOYD, J[ohn] B. Map Exhibiting the Lines of March Passed over by the Troops of the United States during the Year Ending June 30th. 1858 Prepared by Order of the Hon. J. B. Floyd Sec. War. War Dept. Office Expl. & Survey Nov. 1858 [scale] Lith. by Siebert & Kogge. Washington. D.C. [above neat line at top right] Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1. Ho. Ex. Doc. No. 2. 2nd. Sess. 35th. Cong. Washington, 1858. Lithograph map mounted on old linen, neat line to neat line, including text above neat line at top: 44.6 x 47.8 cm. Creased at left blank margin and where formerly folded, one small chip to right blank margin, a few splits along area of East Coast and one minor void (well consolidated by the old backing), otherwise an excellent, fresh copy due to the linen backing. Pencil notes at lower left: “2 cops. cop. 1 N.A. (309)”; and on verso: “(309)...U.S.” (difficult to read latter note).

            First edition. Appeared in U.S. War Department Annual Report of the Secretary of War, 35th Congress, 2nd Session, Senate Document 1, Washington: Harris, 1858. This map of North America from the Saskatchewan River to Panama shows routes of U.S. Army exploration and survey parties in 1858 and is interesting for the compiled view of Texas and Western forts. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #959 (illustrated opposite p. 105), Vol. IV, pp. 102-103: “Of interest here as showing considerable activity on the part of the troops. From Omaha to Salt Lake City and from Fort Leavenworth to Bent’s Fort and beyond, and throughout Texas the lines representing lines of march go. An interesting such line running from Fort Bridger across country to Fort Massachusetts represents the march of Marcy and a detail of men from General Johnston’s army (which was proceeding toward Salt Lake City) to secure supplies, which occurred in the extreme weather of the middle of winter. Just how they escaped freezing in the snows of the Rockies is still hard to explain. Farther south, ventures up the Colorado in the Explorer, west from Albuquerque to Los Angeles and Fort Tejon with the camels, and trips out to Fort Webster, west of the Rio Grande, and east along the Gila, thence to Tucson and Fort Buchanan are shown. Up the central valley of California and on to Oregon, with various side trips, including one east to Fort Walla Walla and on for a little way, are part of this map, which was published in the report of Secretary Floyd.” ($75-150)

Sold. Hammer: $75.00; Price Realized: $88.13

Auction 21 Abstracts

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