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October 26, 2007

175. [MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR]. MEXICO (Republic). MINISTERIO DE GUERRA Y MARINA (Lino José Alcorta). El Exmo Sr. Presidente de la República se ha servido dirigirme el decreto que sigue.... El batallón activo de San Blas mereció bien de la patria.... [Decree of November 14, 1853, granting recognition to certain Mexican army units.] [Dated and signed in print at end]: Mexico City, November 14, 1853, Alcorta. Broadside (32.1 x 22 cm), wove paper. Old sewing holes down left blank margin, light uniform browning, otherwise very good.

            First edition. Not in Garrett, The Mexican-American War. López de Santa-Anna honors the San Blas Battalion for its heroic actions at Chapultepec and elevates its commander, Felipe Santiago Xicoténcatl (1805?-1847), who was killed in action, from lieutenant colonel to full colonel. Xicoténcatl, a descendant of Tlaxcaltecans, and his battalion bravely resisted repeated assaults by Pillow’s division and others before being overwhelmed by General Worth’s reinforcements, the entire action leaving alive only twenty Mexican soldiers of the original 632 and decimating as well Los Niños Héroes, the military academy cadets who fought along side them. After being wounded, Xicoténcatl was wrapped in his battalion’s flag and carried to a nearby chapel, where he died. The flag is now displayed at the Castle of Chapultepec. He also fought in the battles of Angostura and Cerro Gordo. A town in Tamaulipas is named after Xicoténcatl. Uncommon documentation on a hero from “The Other Side.” ($200-400)

Sold. Hammer: $425.00; Price Realized: $499.38

Auction 21 Abstracts

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