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October 26, 2007

Freshest Advices from the Home Front & Battle Front

173. [MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR]. Diario del Gobierno de la República Mexicana. Mexico City: Imprenta del Águila, B. Conjeo; & Juan R. Navarro, 1846-1847. Seven issues of four pages each (four- and five-columns), most containing materials about the Mexican-American War. Folio (approximately 63 x 43.6 cm and 54 x 35.6 cm). All creased where formerly folded and lightly browned; some issues have ink stains at the top and bottom in blank margins and some weakening at folds, otherwise good. Occasional contemporary short pencil and ink notes. Issues and contents are as follow:

(1) Vol. II, No. 72 (October 17, 1846).

--”Provincia del Santo Evangélico de México,” text of an October 16, 1846, letter from José Miguel Ruíz, the parish provincial, stating that nuns of his parish, assisted by children, will sew shirts for the country.

--Under “Tribunal superior de circuito,” text of an October 6, 1846, letter from officials at Guadalajara stating that they are increasing their contributions to the war effort beyond what is legally required.

--Under “Gobierno supremo del estado de Sinaloa,” text of a September 23, 1846, letter from Rafael de la Vega announcing that Santa-Anna has landed at Veracruz and will proceed promptly to Mexico City to assume the presidency.

--Under “Ministerio de guerra y marina,” text of an October 8, 1846, communication from Juan Diaz announcing the fall of Monterrey, denouncing “los odiosos de los Estados Unidos de América,” and promising continuing efforts in the struggle against them.

--Under “Tamaulipas,” text of a September 18, 1846, letter from Jesús Cárdenas announcing that a force from Reynosa has intercepted and defeated a group of “siete tejanos y tres malos mexicanos” who intended to invade the state.

--Under “Sección de operaciones del centro de Tamaulipas,” text of a September 28, 1846, letter from Jacobo Martínez reporting that his 220 troops have arrived there and that the populace has given them generous support.

--Under “Veracruz,” text of an October 9, 1846, report from Jalapa stating that several women from Jalapa have petitioned to follow any national guard troops from there as part of the rear guard so they can tend to the wounded. Documentation on Mexican women and their efforts in the North American Invasion is scant.

--Under “Muy Importante,” text of an article reprinted from El Zempoalteca with a rumor that the U.S. fleet off Veracruz is about to receive significant reinforcements.

--Under “Puebla,” text of an October 10, 1846, communication denouncing Mexican traitors and urging greater war efforts and patriotism.

--Under “Editorial,” an unsigned essay reflecting on the probable upcoming assault on Veracruz and commending the populace and the troops on their valor and determination. In a prophetic paragraph, the writer says that victory seems assured, but that if fortune abandons the Mexicans yet again, at least the defeat will be a glorious one.

(2) Vol. II, No. 118 (December 2, 1846).

--Under “Interior,” an unsigned editorial commenting on Santa-Anna’s response to General Taylor’s October 5 communication concerning Mexican surrender.

(3) Vol. II, No. 136 (December 20, 1846).

--Under ““Ministerio de guerra y marina,” text of a December 17, 1846, communication from José Juan Landero at Veracruz concerning a U.S. proposal to exchange prisoners of war.

--Under “Interior,” text of a December 12, 1846, essay from Jalapa concerning means to motivate the patriotism of Mexican citizens.

--Under “Editorial,” an unsigned essay on conflicting views of the war in the U.S.

(4) Vol. III, No. 183 (February 5, 1847).

--Under “Ministerio de guerra y marina,” texts of several exchanges between Joaquín Rangel and several officials relating to the status of his battalion and urging that it be sent into action against the U.S.

--Under “Editorial,” text of an article that appeared January, 31, 1847, in the Jalapa newspaper El Zempoalteca announcing the occupation of several towns by U.S. troops and urging the need to raise funds for more fortifications.

(5) Vol. III, No. 196 (February 18, 1847).

--Under “Ministerio de relaciones interiores y exteriores, text of a February 12, 1847, law giving Santa-Anna command of the Mexican army.

--Under “Interior,” text of a January 29, 1847, statement by Pedro de Ampudia reviewing events under his command, especially the military actions at Saltillo and Monterrey.

--Under “Editorial,” text of an essay concerning means to support the army and finance the war against the U.S.

(6) Vol. IV, No. 110 (June 30, 1847).

--Under “Gobierno del distrito federal,” text of a June 29, 1847, order by Santa-Anna exempting certain goods from duties while the siege of Mexico City continues.

--Under “Interior,” text of June 15, 1847, essay originating from Puebla on “Porvenir de los Estados-Unidos en la presente guerra,” which contains considerable criticism of the Mexican government.

--Under “San Luis Potosí,” text of a June 17, 1847, editorial concerning financing the war.

--Under “Mexico, June 22, 1847,” text of a long essay about problems with Mexico’s war efforts.

--Under “Editorial,” text of an essay urging support of the Mexican government and stating that criticism of it should be tempered.

--Under “Unión,” text of an essay urging Mexicans to stand together in face of the U.S. siege of the capital.

(7) Vol. IV, No. 116 (July 7, 1847).

--Under “Ministerio de guerra y marina,” text of a July 6, 1847, letter from Antonio Vizcaya stating that soldier Manuel Herrera has given up a third of his salary to support another soldier.

--Under “Interior,” report of a June 27, 1847, debate in Querétaro on the question “¿México pude hacer la guerra à los Estados Unidos?” Most participants agreed it was possible.

--Under “Estado de San Luis Potosí,” text of a June 29, 1847, report on the government’s war preparations and the difficulties of funding the defense efforts.

--Under “Mexico, July 4, 1847,” text of a long, unsigned essay about considerations relevant to dealings with the U.S. concerning peace negotiations.

            Charno, Latin American Newspapers (pp. 332-333). The Diario, the official periodical of the Mexican government, was established on February 10, 1835, and ran until late 1847. Individual issues are rarely found on the market, and even larger research libraries have only scattered issues.


Sold. Hammer: $600.00; Price Realized: $705.00

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