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AUCTION 21

October 26, 2007

“Marcho con mi egército para Puebla y Mégico, no os lo oculto”
Rare Propaganda Broadside in Spanish Issued by General Scott

182. [MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR]. UNITED STATES. ARMY. (Winfield Scott). El General en Gefe de los Egércitos de los Estados-Unidos de América, á la Nación Megicana! [ornamental device] [text commences] Megicanos: Los últimos sucesos de la guerra y las providencias que en consecuencia ha dictado vuestro gobierno, me ponen en el deber de dirigirme á vosotros para demostraros verdades que ignoráis, porque os las ocultan maliciosamente.... [signed in print and dated at end]: Winfield Scott. Cuartel general del Egèrcito. Jalapa, Mayo 11 de 1847. [Jalapa, 1847]. Broadside (36.3 x 24 cm), printed in two columns on wove paper. Trimmed close, creased where formerly folded, upper right blank corner wanting (no loss of text), small hole at lower left (no loss of text). Very good condition for an ephemeral bando publicly posted in Mexico to a likely hostile populace who probably felt no desire to preserve such an unwelcome communication. Very rare.

            First edition, the bando issue (also published in smaller format, 2 pp., printed on recto and verso). Garrett, The Mexican-American War, p. 501 (holds both this bando issue and the 2 pp. issue). Howell, Americana 396 (2 pp., small format). Among the points Scott makes in this proclamation issued on the march to Puebla and Mexico City is that the U.S. Army has done nothing untoward during its time in Mexico–they have not raided churches, abused women, or occupied private property, no matter what people have been told. He even states that a large part of the U.S. Army, like a large part of the U.S. population, is Catholic, something of an exaggeration, to say the least. Despite these blandishments, the Mexican population could hardly have failed to understand the veiled threat behind this proclamation.

            Kurutz & Mathes, The Forgotten War, pp. 61-62:

General Winfield Scott dismisses the conflict with Mexico as a political conflict brought on by pro-war factions in both nations and as an inevitability, stating that the causes and blame for the war are of little import or relevance. The United States sought to aid in the defeat of monarchism under Mariano Paredes, but was mistaken, as may have been many Mexicans, in judging the intentions of Antonio López de Santa-Anna. The invasion of Veracruz and the battles of Buenavista and Cerro Gordo are blamed on Santa-Anna, and the tragedy of the war and high casualties are attributed to political manipulation and corruption. Respect for the Church and clergy and for private property is promised. Stating that the United States has always been desirous of peace, Scott appeals to the people to cease being puppets of ambitious politicians, but states that if the war continues, 100,000 fresh troops will arrive and that if guerrillas continue to be formed, action will be taken against them and the war prolonged. He declares he will march on Puebla and the City of Mexico, but asks for peace, friendship, and unity, stating that the war will continue only if the people elect to pursue it. ($750-1,500)

Sold. Hammer: $750.00; Price Realized: $881.25

Auction 21 Abstracts

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