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October 26, 2007

Deserters from the Mexican Army Assigned to the Northern Borderlands

199. MEXICO (Republic). LAWS (April 14, 1838). [Decree announcing an amnesty for military deserters and making dispositions on how those who surrender shall be redeployed]. [At top] E. C. Luis Gonzaga Vierya, Coronel retirado, y Gobernador constitucional del Departamento de México. [text commences] Por el Ministerio de Guerra y Marina, con fecha de 4 del presente mes.... Art. 1o. “Se concede aministía general á todos los desertores del ejército mexicano.... [signed and dated in type at end] México á 14 de Abril de 1838. Luis Gonzaga Vieyra and Luis G. de Chávarri, Secretario. [Mexico City, 1838]. Folio (44 x 32 cm). Broadside on laid watermarked paper. Creased where formerly folded, expertly backed, otherwise fine.

             Federal District edition. Not in Streeter. This decree allows Mexican military deserters who surrender within two months to receive an amnesty, but orders that those taken up by authorities serve an additional eight years in the armed forces. Surrendered deserters will first be assigned to regular units. Those who surrender in Borderlands areas, including Coahuila y Tejas, will be assigned to the “ejército del Norte,” where, obviously, they would be facing the recently victorious Texans. ($500-1,000)

Sold. Hammer: $500.00; Price Realized: $587.50

Auction 21 Abstracts

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