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AUCTION 21

October 26, 2007

Mexico’s Aggrieved & Defiant Response to U.S. Annexation of Texas
Next Stop: Thornton’s Skirmish

174. [MEXICAN-AMERICAN WAR]. MEXICO (Republic). LAWS (June 4, 1845). MINISTERIO DE RELACIONES GOBERNACION Y POLICIA (José Joaquín de Herrera). [Decree of June 4, 1845, promulgated by Luis G. Cuevas, protesting U.S. annexation of Texas and calling Mexico to arms to defend her territory]. [At top] El Ciudadano Manuel Rincón, General de División y Gobernador constitucional del Departamento de México [text commences] Por el Ministerio de Relaciones exteriores, Gobernación y Policía, se me ha comunicado el decreto siguiente.... Que las Cámaras del los Estados-Unidos del Norte, por un decreto que su Ejecutivo ha sancionado, han resuelto incorporar el territorio de Tejas a la Unión Americana.... [at end] Dado en México á 9 de Junio de 1845. [Mexico City, 1845]. Folio (45.3 x 33.6 cm). Broadside on wove unwatermarked paper. Creased where formerly folded, small split at one fold (slight loss to top of one letter), some light marginal browning and offsetting, otherwise very good.

            Epochal broadside, sowing the seeds of a war that would forever transform two nations. Second edition (here with the text correctly reading “9 de Diciembre” in paragraph 2). The first two versions were four-page folders (Streeter Sale 388, etc.). Here, however, we have the exceedingly rare locally issued broadside format for the State of Mexico. Streeter 1021A note (locating only the National Archives copy in District of Columbia). Harper XII:202. We have seen separate broadsides of this decree issued for Puebla and Zacatecas. A vigorous protest against the U.S. joint resolution of February 28, 1845, offering Texas annexation to the country. Mexico protests that the U.S. action is without precedent among nations and that it tramples on Mexican rights. The last two paragraphs call Mexicans to arms to defeat the proposed annexation, including raising additional troops. This reaction led directly to the Mexican-American War after U.S. troops were sent into Texas and were subsequently attacked north of the Rio Grande by Mexican troops in an action known as Thornton’s Skirmish. ($1,000-2,000)

Sold. Hammer: $1,000.00; Price Realized: $1,175.00

Auction 21 Abstracts

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