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October 26, 2007

Medals Awarded Mexican Soldiers in Campaigns, including Texas

200. MEXICO (Republic). LAWS (August 28, 1840). [Republication of a decree for the Department of Mexico, of a decree dated August 28, 1840, of President Bustamante, promulgated on the same day by Nepomuceno Almonte, outlining the types of medals to be struck and awarded to soldiers in various campaigns, including Texas.] [At top] E. C. Luís Gonzaga Vieyra, Coronel retirado y Gobernador constitucional del Departamento de México. [text commences] Por el Ministerio de Guerra y Marina se me ha comunicado el decreto siguiente.... A los General es, Gefes y Oficiales que han combatido en Tejas y concurrido á la defensa de la integridad del territorio nacional... [at end] México á 7 de Abril de 1841. [Mexico City, 1841]. Folio (44.5 x 32 cm), broadside on wove unwatermarked paper. Creased where formerly folded, a few small splits at folds (no losses), edges chipped and lightly browned, small stains in upper right blank margin, two contemporary ink dockets on verso. Overall, fine.

            Streeter 957.1: “This would appear to supersede the decree of February 10, 1840 [see Streeter 957].” Streeter locates copies at Yale and the University of Texas. Articles 1 and 2 described the medals to be given to various classes of soldiers who served in the Texas campaign. Those above the rank of sergeant received gold ones reading “Tejas en 1836” on the face. Those below the rank of sergeant receive a badge reading “Combatio por la integridad del territorio nacional en Tejas en 1836.” veterans of other battles, such as certain battles against the French during the Pastry War, are also awarded decorations and badges.

            One example, believed to be one of the Texas medals for officers, sold in 2006 at the Texas State Historical Association’s benefit auction, lot 1004. ($300-600)

Sold. Hammer: $325.00; Price Realized: $381.88

Auction 21 Abstracts

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