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October 26, 2007

Borderlands – Native Americans – California Emigration & Pious Fund

207. MEXICO (Republic). SECRETARIA DE ESTADO Y DEL DESPACHO DE RELACIONES INTERIORES Y ESTERIORES. Carlos García y Bocanegra. Memoria de la Secretaria de Estado y del Despacho de Relaciones Interiores y Esteriores. Leída por el Secretario del ramo en la Cámara de Diputados y en la de Senadores el dia 20 de Mayo de 1833. Mexico: Imprenta del Águila, Dirigida por José Ximeno, Calle De Medinas Núm. 6, 1833. [Signed and dated in type at end: México 20 de Mayo de 1833. Carlos García] [2], 15 [1 blank], [8] pp., title within ornate border and with wood-engraving of Mexican eagle. Folio (29.5 x 20.5 cm), stitched as issued. Light vertical crease where formerly folded, two small wormholes that occasionally touch a few letters, moderate marginal water staining on first few leaves, small hole at lower blank right margin of title, lacking final blank, but overall very good. Very rare. Copy at University of Texas, none at Yale or Bancroft.

            First edition. Not in Palau or Sutro. Among the problems García discusses is the still unfinished business of running the boundary line between the U.S. and Mexico, although a Mexican commission to do so was appointed in 1827. The effort had been complicated by the death of Mier y Terán (Handbook of Texas Online), and efforts are being made, he reports, to secure the instruments and documents he had in his possession concerning this problem. This boundary was not run until after the Mexican-American War.

             Native American raids also continue to cause troubles in the borderland states of Chihuahua and Durango. Amazingly, García reports, hundreds of Choctaws have emigrated from Florida to Nacogdoches, apparently followed in the spring by Creeks who intend to live in Texas, too. The government is preparing regulations to prevent those tribes from becoming wandering menaces. Another government initiative concerns new laws to stimulate emigration to California.

            Included is a short report on the devastating cholera epidemic, recommending cleaning streets and other areas. Finally, Espinosa reports that the Pious Fund is being successfully administered by the group responsible for it. ($300-600)

Sold. Hammer: $325.00; Price Realized: $381.88

Auction 21 Abstracts

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