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October 26, 2007

Mexican Army Report with Details on Texas Presidial Companies

205. MEXICO (Republic). SECRETARIO DE ESTADO Y DEL DESPACHO DE LA GUERRA. Manuel Gómez Pedraza. Memoria del Secretario de Estado y del Despacho de la Guerra Presentada á las Cámaras en Enero de 1828. Mexico: Imprenta del Supremo Gobierno, en Palacio, 1828. [Signed and dated in type at end]: México 31 de diciembre de 1827. Manuel G. Pedraza. 9 [1 blank], [6 (3 tables)] pp., 2 folded tables, title page within typographical border, simple engraving of drum above imprint.  Folio (30.5 x 21 cm) stitched as issued, original plain lower wrapper (upper wrapper wanting). Lower wrap and final folded table with light waterstaining and numerous small paper dents, otherwise fine. Very rare.

            First edition. Not in Palau. In this review of the state of the Mexican military, Gómez Pedraza notes numerous problems, especially a significant one with an attempt to inventory all the arms and munitions belonging to the military. Also of concern is the state of coastal fortifications, most of which, he notes, are badly in need of repair or rebuilding; for example, “ tan urgente como no hay cuarteles, baterías, casa-mata ni almancenes” (p. 5). In a recurring theme in these reports, San Juan de Ulúa constantly needs repairs that are never made. Without elaborating, he remarks that in keeping with the March 21, 1826, law (Streeter 714), seven presidial companies have been established in Coahuila and Texas, along with six in the borderland states of Chihuahua and Sonora. He further notes that in Coahuila and Texas, two companies of militia have been established, also in keeping with the 1826 law.

            The part which Gómez Pedraza played in Mexican history directly affected events in Texas. Streeter (775) summarizes these events, commenting: “As it is always a little difficult for most of us whose main interest is Texas to carry in our heads the changes in the government of Mexico consequent on the many revolutions which plagued that country, it may be convenient to list here the important changes in Mexico from 1828 to the beginning of the year 1833 which led to the recognition of Pedraza, and the subsequent new elections of February, 1833.” ($250-300)

Sold. Hammer: $250.00; Price Realized: $293.75

Auction 21 Abstracts

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