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October 26, 2007

Santiago Vidaurri Annexes Coahuila to Nuevo León

216. NUEVO LEON (Mexican State). Gobernador (Santiago Vidaurri). [Decree of February 19, 1856, annexing Coahuila to Nuevo León]. [At top] Santiago Vidaurri, Gobernador y Comandante General del Estado Libre y Soberno de Nuevo León y Coahuila. [text commences] Considerando: que los pueblos del estado de Coahuila han manifestado espontáneamente y de una manera pública y oficial.... [dated and signed in type at end]: Dado en el Palacio del Gobierno en Monterey à 19 de Febrero de 1856. Santiago Vidaurri Jesús | Garza González, secretario.[Monterrey, 1856]. Folio broadside (33 x 20.8 cm). Horizontal crease where formerly folded, some minor edge chipping, overall light browning, else a good copy, with ink paraphs of Vidaurri and Garza.

            First edition. Vidaurri (1809-1867) was one of the more colorful Borderland figures of the first half of the nineteenth century, a strong friend of the Confederacy at the outset of the Civil War and a major figure of Northern Mexico. Perhaps growing weary of life under Santa-Anna, Vidaurri captured Monterrey in 1855 and rapidly conquered Coahuila and Tamaulipas, a powerful position he held for practically the rest of his life. This decree, annexing Coahuila to Nuevo León and justified herein as a way to thwart the aggressions of adventuresome Texans, consolidated his power over a vast area of northeastern Mexico, a position he managed to hold for at least the next two years. Vidaurri apparently used the Callahan expedition of 1855 as his pretext. Although accused by his enemies of attempting to create a “Republic of Sierra Madre,” Vidaurri always denied such intentions. During the Civil War, Vidaurri made vast amounts of money channeling goods through Northern Mexico as a way around the U.S. blockade of the Texas coast. Unfortunately, he supported Maximilian and was executed shortly after the Empire collapsed. See Handbook of Texas Online: Santiago Vidaurri & Ron C. Tyler’s Santiago Vidaurri and the Southern Confederacy (Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1973). ($300-600)

Sold. Hammer: $300.00; Price Realized: $352.50

Auction 21 Abstracts

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