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October 26, 2007

Rare Survival from the New York and Texas Land Company

114. [MAP]. NEW YORK AND TEXAS LAND COMPANY, LIMITED. “Map of Orange County Texas. Published by the New York and Texas Land Company, Limited Palestine Texas 188_. The Lands of the Company are colored Yellow Lands Sold are colored Red Lands leased marked Thus X Lithographed By A. Gast & Co. St. Louis. New Process.” N.p., n.d. [1880s]. Traced manuscript copy on very thin, translucent, sized cartographical tracing cloth. Neat line to neat line: 37 x 51.5 cm. Other than minor browning, a remarkable copy. Contemporary filing notes in upper right margin and lower left blank portion of image.

            This handsome map is apparently a tracing from a printed map (no copy of which is found in the General Land Office), the original of which was published for the New York and Texas Land Company. The Company in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was one of the largest land-holding companies in Texas, at its height owning over five million acres. At a barbecue in Boston to celebrate its going out of business in 1918, all the company’s records were committed to the flames. Thus, this map is a rare survival from an enterprise that deliberately destroyed its past, such that little written documentation remains.

            Orange County lies in far Southeast Texas, bounded on the east by the Sabine River and on the south and west by the Neches River. The county was created and organized in 1852. The name was chosen by George A. Patillo, who had an orange grove near the east bank of the Neches. The town of Orange is its county seat. ($2,000-3,000)

Auction 21 Abstracts

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