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Apache Rebellion in Chihuahua

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65.     [BORDERLANDS]. [INDIAN DEPREDATIONS] Documentos para la historia de México [section title: Cuaderno histórico de las agresiones y hazañas de tres celebre Apaches sublevados en el estado de Chihuahua a principios del presente siglo]. Mexico: Imprenta de Vicentf [sic] García Torres, Calle de San Juan de Letrán núm. 3, 1857. [1-5] 6-88 pp. 8vo (19.7 x 13 cm), disbound, left edge with remnants of old binding adhered, title page lightly browned, some light browning and foxing throughout. With blind stamp of Ygnacio González Reyes on title page and p. [5]. Good overall.

     This is one part of the massive, very scarce series by the same name compiled by Joaquín García Icazbalceta and published 1853-1857; this is the very last item (see Sabin 34155; Palau 74802). Sabin 48440 remarks of the grand compiler’s series: “It is a most important series for the student of Mexican history. The publication of these documents reflects the highest credit upon the Mexican administration, as it places within the grasp of the scholar a body of information which no amount of individual enterprise and industry could possibly obtain. They were first published in the ‘Diario official.’”

     This part is signed and dated in type: Chihuahua, January 21, 1811, Juan José Ruiz de Buztamante [sic], and compiled on the order of General Nemecio Salcedo. The section title summarizes what is contained herein. What follows are brief, separate descriptions (numbered 1-137) of Apache raids and battles with Apache chiefs Rafael (or Rafaelillo) and José Antonio, complete with running tabular totals of Mexican “muertos,” “heridos,” “cautivos o prisionerios,” and “fugados” for the years 1804-1810. By the time this period of conflict ended with the chiefs’ deaths, 298 had died, 53 had been wounded, and 45 had been taken prisoner. The chiefs’ bodies were found “sin las cabezas y algunos otros miembros de sus destrozados cuerpos.” Their deaths hardly ended difficulties with the Apaches, however, which continued in both Mexico and the U.S. until 1886, when Geronimo was captured in Mexico. (At the time of these wars, Nueva Vizcaya was the actual state; Chihuahua and Durango were not created from it until 1823.)

     All the information herein was drawn from dispatches and other official records and is complete, with notes about the location of each report in the archives. The summations give tremendous details about exactly which locales were raided or attacked, what military actions took place, who participated in them, and their outcomes. A final note, dated Chihuahua, November 29, 1856, signed in type by José Merino, states that Rafael’s father, now over 100 years old, is still living in Santa Cruz de Rosales and that his son, now 57 years old, is a presidial soldier who inherited some of his father’s prowess.


Sold. Hammer: $200.00; Price Realized: $240.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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