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A Large & Fine Map of Mexico by Gentilz & Castro


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101.     CASTRO, Lorenzo. The Republic of Mexico in 1882. With Revised and Corrected Map. New York: Thompson & Moreau, Printers, Nos. 51 & 53 Maiden Lane, 1882. [i-iii] iv, [1] 2-271 [1, blank], [4, ads] pp., large folding lithograph map of Mexico (see below). 8vo (19.5 x 12.8 cm), original embossed and gilt-lettered dark green cloth-backed boards. Binding with a few stains and worn (cloth separating from boards along a few edges), hinges split but holding well, interior fine, map very fine.


Map of the Republic of Mexico Revised and Corrected by Lorenzo Castro, Drawn by Theodore Gentilz. Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1882 in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington, D.C. Thompson & Moreau, Printers, 51 & 53 Maiden Lane, N.Y. Photo-Lith. by E.C. Bridgeman 88 Warren Str., N.Y. [inset text in two boxes at lower left] Explanation [and] Statistics [lower left, 2 comparative views] Height of the principal mountains in feet [and] Approximate lengths of the principal rivers in miles…. Lithograph map on bank note paper, U.S.-Mexico and Mexico-Guatemala borders outlined in red, neat line to neat line: 78 x 112 cm. Other than a few clean splits at folds (no losses and mostly marginal), very fine. The map is often missing from the book.

     First edition. Raines, p. 225. Ramos 952. Castro’s guide to Mexico with state-by-state descriptions of towns, cities, demographics, brief historical sketches, products, industry, etc. The work contains detailed itineraries of the author’s travels from 1866 from San Antonio, Texas, to Mexico City and throughout Mexico.

     The large, handsome, detailed map of Mexico and the Borderlands shows the Gulf of Mexico, most of Texas and the railroad routes throughout Mexico and along the border in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and east to Florida, encompassing the western tip of Cuba. The makers of this wonderful map are significant in Texas history. The original map was drawn by Theodore Gentilz (1820-1906), French artist and engineer employed by Henri Castro to survey and promote his colony southwest of San Antonio. Gentilz went on to record a large area of the Texas southwest and northern Mexico. His paintings of nineteenth-century Texas are considered among the finest of the era.

     Here we have Lorenzo Castro’s revision and updating of Gentilz’s original map. Lorenzo Castro was the son French empresario Henri Castro, the consul general for the Republic of Texas at Paris, and colonizer and founder of Castroville, Quihi, Vandenburg, and D’Hanis. After the death of Henri, Lorenzo carried on his father’s colonization project in Texas, and wrote another work: Immigration from Alsace and Lorraine. A Brief Sketch of the History of Castro’s Colony in Western Texas (New York: George. W. Wheat & Co., Printers, 1871).


Sold. Hammer: $2,000.00; Price Realized: $2,400.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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