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“How a little town in Ohio felt about Texas in 1836”—Streeter

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170.     EAGLE TAVERN (Manhattan, Ohio). Printed invitation completed in contemporary ink manuscript: The Celebration of the Independence of the U. States, AND THE TRIUMPH OF TEXAS. [cut of eagle] The Company of Mr. [W. Kanhouse & Lady] is respectfully solicited at the Eagle Tavern, Manhattan, on Monday, the Fourth day of July, 1836. Managers. S. Thompson, Buffalo, S. Coming, Painesville, V.J. Card, Cleveland, I.G. Camp, Sandusky City, F. Wright, Manhattan, T. Stickney, Manhattan, H.W. Goettel, George McKay, Toledo, A.M. Thompson, Perrysburg, C.C.P. Hunt, Maumee. [Manhattan, Ohio?, 1836]. [4] pp., printed on p. [1] only. 12mo, 19.9 x 12.5 cm. Creased where formerly folded, some light staining, a few tiny losses at folds not affecting text, otherwise a very good copy of a fragile item, preserved in dark brown morocco and a cloth slipcase.

     First edition. Midland 72-441 (being the copy Streeter purchased, now at Yale): “Few states, if any, gave greater support to Texas in 1836 than did Ohio.” Morgan, Bibliography of Ohio Imprints 5553 (locating copies at Yale and the University of Texas, Arlington). Streeter 1198: “This folder has been entered after considerable hesitation, notwithstanding its direct reference to Texas. It does show how a little town in Ohio felt about Texas in 1836.” A newspaper entitled the Advertiser was established in Manhattan at some point in 1836. If this item was printed there, it is the only known Manhattan imprint aside from scattered issues of the newspaper itself.

     Manhattan was one of the towns established in 1835 by speculators in the Maumee River Valley. It had been in existence only a year when this invitation was issued. Some of the chief investors in the area (I.G. Camp, S. Thompson, and F. Wright) are among the list of sponsors printed at the bottom of this invitation. The Eagle Tavern was the only establishment of its kind in Manhattan. When it was decided that the Miami & Erie Canal would have its junction with the Maumee River at Manhattan, the town’s future looked secure. As events played out, however, the town finally failed, lost its plat in 1848, and the area eventually was absorbed into present-day Toledo.

     Despite Streeter’s statements that he included this item only “after considerable hesitation” and that its significance is lies in the way it “does show how a little town in Ohio felt about Texas in 1836,” the invitation appears to be somewhat more complicated than that. Given the struggles Manhattan’s promoters were having at the time, the invitation would seem to be an attempt to capitalize on a thrilling recent event to help promote the town of Manhattan itself while commemorating Texas independence, won only three months before at San Jacinto. This invitation is interesting evidence not only of the influence events in Texas had on the U.S. at large, as Streeter implies, but also how those events might have been used to promote something other than the glories of Texas arms. Texas was hardly a stranger to Ohio. David Gouverneur Burnet, who had many connections to the state, had sought colonists for his grant there in 1827, for example, and four of Ohio’s sons had died at the Alamo this very year.


Sold. Hammer: $750.00; Price Realized: $900.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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