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With Text Leaf Quoting Rare Mexican & Anglo Revolutionary Imprints

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272.     [MAP]. [BRADFORD, Thomas Gamaliel]. Texas [left margin outside neat line] 64.A. [Boston & New York, 1835]. Engraved map, original outline hand coloring of land grants. Neat line to neat line: 19.8 x 26.5 cm; overall sheet size: 26.5 x 32.4 cm. Scale: 1 inch = 75 miles. Mild to moderate foxing (mainly confined to blank margins), lower blank margin rough where removed, upper left blank margin creased; overall very good, with text leaf (pp. 64B and 64C) from atlas with text on Texas.

     First issue of the first separate map of Texas to appear in an atlas, with early issue points, including the Mustang Wild Horse Desert shown in south Texas; the Nueces River as the southwestern boundary; land grants indicated instead of counties; and the fact that Austin (founded 1839) is not yet shown. This map is from Bradford’s 1835 Comprehensive Atlas, Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Phillips, Atlases 770. Martin & Martin 31:

The map itself appeared to be copied directly from Austin’s, the only readily available authority…. The map differed from Austin’s primarily in its prominent display of numerous colonization grants and a plethora of new settlements and towns, indicative of the massive influx of colonists occurring after the publication of Austin’s work. Another significant departure from Austin was the map’s depiction of the Arkansas boundary controversy…. Aside from showing Texas as a separate state, the map [is] historically important for clearly demonstrating the demand in the U.S. for information about Texas during the Revolution and the early years of the Republic. It also serves to confirm the importance of Austin’s map as source for that information.

     The text leaf on Texas which accompanies the various issues of the small Bradford map is noteworthy. Here the writer commences: “Texas. It is a northeastern province of the republic of Mexico, and is at present engaged in an arduous struggle for independence.” This introduction is followed by a discussion of Texas resources, geography, living conditions, Anglo colonization, dissension with Mexico, and events leading to the Texas Revolution. The essay ends with provocative quotations from printed volleys between the Mexican government and the Anglo colonists in Texas. Reprinted is the text of General Cos’ proclamation issued at Matamoros on July 5, 1835, warning the Texas colonists that war would be the result of “their badly conceived zeal” (Streeter 827). This is followed by a bellicose response from “the public press in Brazoria” (Franklin C. Gray’s Texas Republican, see Streeter 1983 revised edition, pp. 19-20 & 191), declaring:

Resolved, That no person or persons whatsoever, under the control or in the name of Santa Anna, shall be suffered to enter Texas, whatever be his credentials, or upon whatever principle he may assume the privilege.

Resolved, That if any citizen or citizens whatever, shall leave the country on, or before the contest, or shall assist the enemy in any shape whatsoever, during the conflict, their property shall be confiscated for and in behalf of the war.

Resolved, That the property of those inhabitants who may pretend to neutrality, or otherwise, so as not to assist their brother Americans in this war, shall be the first to be sacrificed to its welfare and prosecution.

The author of the text leaf concludes: “It is needless to enter into the details of what followed, as they are fresh in the minds of all.” See following three entries, Items 273-275.


Sold. Hammer: $1,000.00; Price Realized: $1,200.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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