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Very Popular Map & Broadside Expressing Extreme Patriotism

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293.     [MAP]. ENSIGN & THAYER (publishers). [At top] Ornamental Map of the United States & Mexico. [title of map] Map of the United States and Mexico Including Oregon, Texas and the Californias. [inset in map at lower left] Distances in Mexico [below lower border] Sowle & Ward, 43 Cornhill, Boston. Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1848, by Ensigns [sic] And Thayer, in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern District of New York.—Published by Ensigns [sic] & Thayer. 50 Ann Street New York. And 12 Exchange St., Buffalo. [vignettes at top: portraits of Taylor, Washington (within cartouche of oak leaves, seals, cornucopia, flags, etc.), and Scott]; [below portraits is an imaginary scene] Panoramic View from New York to the Pacific Ocean by the Contemplated Oregon Railroad; [in margins left and right of map, statistics for the states with state seals of Oregon and California]; [vignettes along bottom] Great Temple Dedicated to the Sun…Rufus Blanchard, Cincinnati; An American Exhibiting to the Sovereigns of Europe the Progress of His Country; The Halls of the Montezuma…; surrounded by chain and star motif with Union shield cornerpieces. New York, 1848. Broadside with printed text and lithograph map and vignettes, original full bright color. Overall sheet size: 79 x 58.5 cm; border to border: 70.4 x 53.5 cm; map at center, neat line to neat line: 36.5 x 38.6 cm. Usual browning due to the cheap paper on which it was printed. Except for minor wrinkles and neat reinforcements on verso, fine. Matted, framed, under Plexiglas.

     Later issue of this popular map reflecting U.S. War gains. The map was reissued numerous times beginning in 1846 and as late as 1851, with additions and changes to reflect the on-going war and then the results and progressions thereafter. See Item 310 herein. Peters, American on Stone, p. 181. Cf. Mayer, México ilustrado, p. 107 (illustrated, slightly different issue). Cf. Rumsey 3292 (1851 edition, without table of distances, Blanchard’s name dropped, etc.). Streeter Sale 3872: “Map is of the same plate, but here a table of Distances in Mexico has been added at the lower left, and the statistics and their order in the table in the border have been altered”; see also Streeter 3871 for another issue. Cf. Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #557 (slightly different issue): “This map is much the same as 1846 Haven, 1. The highly-colored broadside of which it is part [has] portions…which are obviously the same as those on 1847 Phelps, though the maps differ radically.” Cf. Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region #38 (slightly different issue): “A flamboyant affair…. As in 1846—Haven, ‘Sutter’s Colony’ is given prominence in ‘New California,’ but no hint of the gold discoveries on either the map or the broadside that surrounds it.”

     This busy production expresses Yankee aspirations, perfectly capturing the concept of self-satisfied, fanatical U.S. Manifest Destiny dished up for the eager masses. If ever the term “the climax of cheapness” fit, this is it. In the large vignette at center bottom, a U.S. gentleman in top hat faces an audience of richly dressed European aristocracy and royalty. He gestures with pride to a scene behind him filled with a giant steamer named The Union, other ships, train, factory (all of which belch noxious, black fumes), hot air balloon, and a city tapering away to majestic mountains.

     Texas is shown in the Emory conformation with the northern Texas border extending almost to the 40th parallel and taking in almost all of Eastern New Mexico. The northern border of Mexico is shown at the Rio Grande and Gila Rivers, but runs from the confluence of the Gila and Colorado west, leaving San Diego in upper California. Text on map: “The Texians claim as their Boundary the Rio del Norte.”


Sold. Hammer: $1,000.00; Price Realized: $1,200.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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