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Newspaper Extra with Large Map of Oregon & Washington Territory

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307.     [MAP]. HABERSHAM, Robert [A.]. (engineer) & J[ohn] K[aye] Gill (publisher). The Weekly Oregonian Map of Oregon & Washington. Copyrighted 1881. Published by the Oregonian Publ’ng Co. [below lower neat line at left] Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1878 by J.K. Gill & Co. in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington [below lower neat line at right] L.M. Snyder & Co. Map Publishers 79 Dearborn St. Chicago. Ill. [above lower right neat line] Showing all surveys made previous to, March 1st. 1881. Compiled by Robt. A. Habersham, Civil Engineer. [above neat line at top] Given to Each New Subscriber to the Weekly Oregonian [top left] Subscription Rates…. [key at lower right, with symbols] Explanations Capitals, County Seats, Railroads in Operation…. Chicago, 1881. Lithograph map with original full hand-coloring in pink, green, yellow, tan, and rose; issued as newspaper extra (verso blank), neat line to neat line: 88.7 x 70.6 cm; map and text above and below: 92.2 x 70.6 cm; overall sheet size: 96.5 x 76 cm. Creased where formerly folded (two miniscule splits at folds, no losses), occasional minor nicks and chips along blank margin, mild to moderate foxing, overall very good. Very scarce.

     Not in Phillips (America) & other standard sources. A later promotional version of J.K. Gill & Co’s. Map of Oregon and Washington Ter., first published under a slightly variant title in 1878 (see Streeter Sale 3943; five copies located). The map was given to subscribers of the newspaper, and due to the promotional nature and manner of distribution, it is doubtful that many copies survive. OCLC locates only one copy (NY Public Library). The present map had its genesis in Habersham’s surveys prepared for Colton’s 1874 Sectional and County Map of Oregon and J.K. Gill & Co.’s Map of Oregon & Washington Ter. (1878). The map also appeared under the title New Map of Oregon & Washington accomanying [sic] Oregon Business Directory, 1881. The map was recycled by Gill in 1882 (Map of Oregon & Washington; New County and Township Map); 1884 (in conjunction with W.H. Galvani, New Sectional, Township & County Map of Oregon & Washington); and 1887 (again with Galvani, two versions one slightly reduced and in pocket map form, title varies according to OCLC records). Other than the directory appearance in 1881, the present version of the map appears to be the most elusive.

     The present map shows on a large scale Oregon and Washington Territory in colored grid sections with relief shown by hachure and spot heights. Located are Native American reservations, forts, post offices, lighthouses, cities and towns, stage and railroad routes, lakes, rivers, mountains, valleys, etc.

     The makers of the present map are important in Pacific Northwest history. Civil Engineer Robert A. Habersham was active in the Washington-Oregon area in the 1870s, 1880s, and 1890s, and appointed as Surveyor General of Oregon 1896. He was involved in several historic surveys in the area. Among his more notable work was the 1874 survey of the Cascades of the Columbia River, for which he served as chief of the party. Publisher John K. Gill (1851-1929), a correspondent with the Smithsonian Institution, is best known for his updated and revised edition Blanchet’s 1852 work on the Chinook jargon (Pilling). Gill’s first edition was published in 1878 in Portland under title A Dictionary of the Chinook Jargon with Examples of Use in Conversation, and is still in print today. Although Gill was involved in emigration to the area, he remarked: “A great portion of these have died or been killed by our enterprising settlers…. The probable reason for this killing being that the Indians lived upon the lands our people wanted.”

     The Oregonian, the oldest continuously published newspaper on the U.S. West Coast, was founded by Thomas J. Dryer in December, 1850.


Sold. Hammer: $750.00; Price Realized: $900.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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