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Cartographical Manifest Destiny for the Masses

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310.     [MAP]. HAVEN & EMMERSON (publishers). Map of the United States and Mexico, Including Oregon, Texas and the Californias. Showing the Route and Importance of the Contemplated Great Oregon Railroad, the Boundary as Agreed upon, the Only Two Routes by which an Army can Reach the City of Mexico, an Account of the Battles of the American and Texan Revolutions, Army & Navy of the United States; Route of the Santa Fe Traders, Description of Mexico, its Gold and Silver Mines, Seals of the Different States, &c. &c. [caption title at foot] Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1846, by John Haven, in the Clerk’s Office of the District Court for the Southern District of New-York.—Published by Haven & Emmerson No. 3 Broad Street, New-York. [below title and four-column table of distances] Map of the United States and Mexico including Oregon, Texas and the Californias [below map are four columns of text, including such things as “Battles of the Texas Revolution,” a colored map and text of the Seat of War showing the area around Matamoros and Texas, “Mexico” and “Oregon,” the last occupying the final 1-1/2 columns], surrounding the whole is a border of the thirty State seals. New York: John Haven, 1846. Broadside with lithograph map and printed text (maps and seals with original outline color), overall area visible through mat: 70.6 x 58 cm; large map, neat line to neat line: 36 x 38.6 cm. Light overall age toning due to the cheap quality newsprint on which it was printed, one-inch split at upper right corner (not affecting text), generally very fine, seldom found thus. Considerable uncertainty surrounds the media used to produce this broadside. Not examined outside frame. Matted, framed, and under Plexiglas.

     Streeter Sale 3866: “The northern border of Oregon is here depicted as 49°.” Wheat cites two editions of other incarnations of the present map (Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #513, 514 & 557, Vol. III, pp. 38, 40-41 & 49; & and Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region 26, 38, & 47).

     Apparently this map was published near the onset of the Mexican-American War by John Haven, whose bombastic Mexican-American War maps and broadsides were frequently recycled. See Item 293 herein. As the map of early Texas battles implies, this production shows the stirrings of Manifest Destiny as it relates to the Northwest Territory, here shown connected to the East Coast by the proposed new railway and the emigrant route to Fort Walla Walla in Oregon. British pretensions to the Canadian boundary are also refuted by the clearly-drawn borderline that rejects that country’s claims to lands farther south. That the elaborate description of Oregon takes up a great part of the text makes clear the territorial pretensions of this map, which obviously seeks to consolidate the claims of both Texas and Lewis and Clark.


Sold. Hammer: $1,400.00; Price Realized: $1,680.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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