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Very Rare California Gold Rush Map by an English Pioneer of Lithography

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314.     [MAP]. HULLMANDEL, [Charles Joseph] & [Joseph Fowell] Walton (lithographers & printers). A Correct Map of the Bay of San Francisco and the Gold Region to April 1850. From the best information in the Country. Embracing all the New Towns, Ranchos, Dry and Wet Diggings, with their several distances from each other [above neat line at lower right] Hullmandel & Walton Lithographers London. [key at lower center with symbols for cities, towns, ranchos, roads, diggings, and mileage]. [London, ca. 1850]. Lithograph map showing relief in hachure, mountain ranges, bodies of water, major streams and rivers, roads, towns, distances between points, and mining operations. Neat line to neat line: 35.5 x 30.5 cm; overall sheet size: 41.6 x 34.5 cm. Professionally conserved (fold at center relaxed, gently washed). Other than a few very light fox marks, very fine and fresh. Pencil code (“MCR”) written by Eberstadt at top left blank margin. Preserved in crimson levant morocco and cloth slipcase and chemise. Very rare (copies located at Yale and Bancroft, under Bullmandel rather than Hullmandel). None in British Library, Huntington, or California State Library.

     Warren Heckrotte, “Addenda” 7 (in the reprint of Wheat’s Maps of the California Gold Region, Martino, 1995). This English map of the California Gold Fields is an updated version of Jarves’ 1849 map, which was the same general size and had a similar title: A Correct Map of the Bay of San Francisco and the Gold Region from actual Survey June 20th. 1849 for J.J. Jarves. Embracing all the New Towns, Ranchos, Roads, Dry and Wet Diggings, with their several distances from each other…. (for Jarves’ map, see: Norris 2370; Streeter Sale 2540: “From many points of view Jarves’ map is one of the most interesting and important of the early gold region maps;” Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region #100. Wheat, “Twenty-Five California Maps” #7). The present map was offered by Eberstadt (158:156) in 1962 at $600 with note: “Apparently unique.” Randall & Windle (8:601) offered a copy of the map (mounted on linen) in 1979 at $1,000. Not in Rumsey, the original edition of Wheat (Maps of the Gold Region), or auction records.

     One consequence of the cataclysmic events of the California Gold Rush was the sudden urbanization of the few settlements in sparsely populated Alta California and the mushrooming of new towns where none had existed before. A comparison of Jarves’ map, dated June 20, 1849, with the present map, dated April 1850, documents the rapid course of that development. The present map updates Jarves’, most conspicuously with the addition of hachure to indicate relief. More notably, some new mining sites are located (e.g., those on Tuolumne and Mercedes rivers) and towns and features are added, including South San Francisco, Upper Feather River, Butte, Oro, Marysville, Yuba, Garrison, Sinclair, Weber’s Creek, Frémont’s Lake, Sierra Madre mountain range, Petaluma Creek, St. Antonio, St. Pedro, St. Pablo, S. Rafael, the San Bruno mountain range, San Joaquin, Mount Diablo, Dr. Marsh’s, Grayson, Cache Creek, San Joaquin River, and Schwartz. This is an excellent revised map, which would have been useful to the miners of 1850. It builds on Jarves’ work, retaining pragmatic features such as numbered ovals indicating the number of miles between various locations.

     The present map is also important because it was produced by the firm of Hullmandel & Walton. The map was among the last works of Charles Joseph Hullmandel (1789-1850), a major lithographic printer and publisher in London, born to French parents in England and trained as an artist at the Royal Academy. He met the inventor of lithography, Alois Senefelder, in Munich in 1817, opened a press in London in 1818, and is credited with developing numerous techniques, including lithotint and color printing. “[Hulmandell is] one of the most important figures in the development of British lithography in the first half of the nineteenth century…. His name appears on the imprints of thousands of lithographic prints. He developed a method for reproducing gradations in tones and for creating the effect of soft colour washes which enabled the printed reproduction of Romantic landscape paintings of the type made popular in England by J.M.W. Turner. Hullmandel’s essay The Art of Drawing on Stone (1824) was an important handbook of lithography. In 1843 he went into partnership with Joseph Fowell Walton (ca. 1804–1860), a cousin of the landscape artist and lithographer W.L. Walton, the firm then becoming known as Hullmandel & Walton” (Michael Twyman, ‘Hullmandel, Charles Joseph’ in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004). Peter C. Marzio discusses Hullmandel’s place in the evolution of lithography and notes that he probably coined the term “chroma-lithography” and trained the first U.S. chromolithographer, William Sharp (pp. 6-9, 17, 252, The Democratic Art: Chromolithography 1840-1900, Boston: David R. Godine & Fort Worth, Amon Carter Museum). Among the numerous commissions completed by Hullmandel were many of John Gould’s magnificent ornithological works; Edward Lear’s Parrotts; McKenney & Hall, History of the Indian Tribes of North America; Edward T. Coke’s Views in North America (1833); Darwin’s Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle; Parry’s Journal of a Voyage for the Discovery of a North-West Passage; etc.


Sold. Hammer: $12,000.00; Price Realized: $14,400.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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