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“Stimulated renewed interest in Texas”—Martin & Martin

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321.      [MAP]. KEMBLE, W. Texas and Part of Mexico & the United States, Showing the Route of the First Santa Fé Expedition, Drawn & Engd. by W. Kemble N. York [below neat line] Harper & Brothers, New York. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1844. Engraved map on thin paper, neat line to neat line: 40.2 x 28.6 cm (map proper extends beyond the neat line at Jalapa and New Orleans). Lightly creased, margins rough (slight loss of neat line at right margin, but not visible through mat). Maple frame, glazed.

     This map was removed from one of the many editions of Kendall’s Narrative of the Texan Santa Fé Expedition… (see Item 345). Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West #483 & Vol. II, p. 188. Martin & Martin, p. 131 (plate 34):

With independence for the Republic of Texas came the responsibility for securing its economic and political future. In 1841 President Mirabeau B. Lamar organized a sizable trade expedition to Santa Fe, the capital of Nw Mexico. The dual purpose was to divert to Texas some of the lucrative trade on the Santa Fe Trail and to exert military uinfluence in the region claimed by both Texas and Mexico. Although prepared to explain peacefully the advantages to the residents of Santa Fe of citizenship in the Republic of Texas, the expedition met strong resistance and, in fact, members of the expedition were captured and marched to Mexico City as military prisoners of war.

One of the participants in this expedition was George Wilkins Kendall, a journlist who had founded the New Orleans Picayune in 1837. The expedition promised high adventure for the readership back home. Kendall’s experiences, incuding imprisonment for two years in Mexico, resulted in the publication of one of the most popular books of the time, his Narrative of the Texan Santa Fé Expedition…. The book was reprinted seven times between 1844 and 1856, selling forty thousand copies on both sides of the Atlantic. The book’s distribution gave wide exposure to the map included in Kendall’s narrative, done by W. Kemble….

Although contributing little new geographical information concerning this area, the map, along with the narrative, stimulated renewed interest in Texas and represented another major step toward the inevitable solution to the Texas question later in the decade.”

     In the introduction to his Narrative, Kendall states that he based the present map on those of Josiah Gregg and Albert Pike. He comments: “Of course, in the construction of this map, much of what the Yankees term ‘guess work’ has been resorted to; but it will be found, in the main, correct.” Engraver W. Kemble also created the wonderful plates for Thomas J. Green’s book, Journal of the Texian Expedition against Mier… (New York: Harper, 1845), a map of New York in 1849, and a map of Richmond in 1866.


Sold. Hammer: $200.00; Price Realized: $240.00

Auction 22 Abstracts

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