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The Agony of Defeat


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535.     [TEXAS REVOLUTION]. La Opinión. Periódico del Gobierno de San Luis Potosí. Viernes 15 de diciembre de 1836. Núm. 166. [San Luis Potosí]: Imprenta del gobierno á del ciudadano José María Infanto, [1836]. [4] pp., in three columns on unwatermarked wove paper. 4to (31.3 x 21.5 cm). Lightly creased where formerly folded, minor marginal dust soiling, upper margin lightly wrinkled. Overall fine.

     First edition. Charno, Latin American Newspapers, p. 453 (noting that the paper was published from 1834 to 1837 and locating some issues at Yale). This issue is devoted almost entirely to news and discussions of Texas, none of which is flattering. “Parte no oficial. Exterior. Londres 9 de agosto de 1836” (pp. [1-2]) reprints material from the Times of London in which Texas is denigrated and excoriated for continuing to hold slaves, unlike the enlightened countries of Mexico and England: “La libertad que gozan no la hacen participar á los desgraciados africanos que labran sus campos de tabaco y algodón, en los climas mortiferos de los estados del Sur”; (pp. [2-3]) print, inter alia, reports from emigration agents in Kentucky, where Texas emigrants have returned in disgust. Among the unpleasant conditions they found: [1] that the entire Texas populace, to a man, was incapable of any idea of civil and political liberty; [2] that practically the entire population and government of Texas, with few exceptions, intended to rob people somehow, and it made no difference if the people were enemies or friends; and [3] that there is no organized government in Texas. The army is especially criticized as being a disorganized sham force.

     “Mexico noviembre 20 de 1836” (pp. [3-4]) reprints Santa-Anna’s June 9, 1836, protest to Texas President D.G. Burnet about his treatment while he was being held a prisoner after San Jacinto, especially the fact that he was not deported to Veracruz as was originally promised. Finally, “8 de diciembre Copia del cuaderno del Sr. Gorostiza” (p. [4]) reprints part of a dispatch from Mexican U.S. representative M.E. Gorostiza in which he asserts that the U.S. favors Texas, probably because it wishes to annex it.

     At this time, the Mexican defeat at San Jacinto was still a fresh event and Santa-Anna himself remained a prisoner. This newspaper offers a rare glimpse into the mood and tenor of the Mexican mind in late 1836, when events were still both recent and raw.


Sold. Hammer: $200.00; Price Realized: $240.00

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