Gray’s New Map of Texas & Indian Territory

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601. [MAP]. GRAY, Frank A[rnold] (mapmaker) & O[rmando] W[illis] Gray (publisher). Gray’s New Map of Texas and the Indian Territory by Frank A. Gray. Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son;[above lower border] Copyright, 1876 by O.W. Gray & Son;[insets from top left clockwise]: [1] Hypsometric Sketch of Texas and the Indian Territory;[2] The River System of Texas and the Indian Territory;[3] Entrance to Galveston Bay Reduced from U.S. Coast Survey Chart;[4] Galveston; [5] Southern Part of Texas Scale Same as Main Map;[5] Austin Drawn from Surveys by Reuben W. Ford, Austin;[6] Entrance to Matagorda Bay Reduced from U.S. Coast Survey Chart; [at left, key to symbols for railroads (completed, narrow gauge, in progress or proposed), state capital, county towns] Explanation; [atlas page numbers at top left and right respectively] 98 | 99. Philadelphia, copyright 1876. Lithograph map with original color (rose outline, pastel wash for counties and other features; border to border: 41 x 67.5 cm (top and bottom of map extend beyond borders, for a total height of 43 cm); overall sheet size: 43.7 x 71 cm. Light toning to blank margins, light centerfold crease where originally folded into atlas, otherwise fine. On lilac board mounted on raw linen, wooden frame, under glass.

     Texas spills over the lower border as far south as Rio Grande City, and the rest of the southern tip of the state (south to Fort Brown and Brownsville) is in an inset on the same scale at lower left. An interesting feature of the map not found on other Texas maps of the period is the inset of the hypsometric view of Texas and Indian Territory showing elevations by coloring and roman numerals. Greer County is shown as part of Indian Territory. The inset map of Austin still has the older names of the streets in the heart of the city as names of trees rather than numbered.

     The map is from Gray & Son’s National Atlas Containing Elaborate Topographical Maps of the United States and the Dominion of Canada. According to Rumsey (3888.031), the first edition of the atlas was 1875; editions appeared as late as 1891 according to OCLC. Rumsey’s copy of the Texas map has page numbers 79 and 80 at top, whereas the present map has numbers 98 and 99. Day, Maps of Texas, p. 83. Ristow, American Maps and Mapmakers (pp. 429-430) comments that “not much is known about Gray” and discusses his early work in 1869 and his association with H.F. Walling. Tooley’s Dictionary of Mapmakers Revised Edition, Vol. II, p. 206 states that Gray was a topographical engineer and dates his earliest U.S. atlas as 1873. At pp. 205-207, Tooley states that Frank Arnold Gray, a mapmaker of Philadelphia, was probably related to O.W. Gray, mentioning the firm of Gray & Son.


Sold. Hammer: $100.00; Price Realized: $122.50.

Auction 23 Abstracts

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